Ymchwil yn ail feddwl sut i gael gwared o wastraff niwclear
Mae ein hefelychiadau cyfrifiadurol yn helpu i greu dulliau mwy diogel i storio gwastraff niwclear.
Mae'r cynnwys isod ar gael yn Saesneg yn unig.
The safe disposal of high level nuclear waste is a global issue. Though temporary storage facilities exist around the world, we sought to develop a longer term solution that was recognised by multinational governments and nuclear authorities
Pioneering model predicts behaviour
Researchers from our Geoenvironmental Research Centre, backed by the European Commission's EURATOM programme, developed a model to understand how are barriers used in nuclear waste disposal perform.
The team developed a computerised model called COMPASS to simulate the behaviour of a nuclear waste repository over time and show how nuclear repository barriers perform. The computerised model provided innovative predictions of the behaviour and long term durability of engineered barriers.
The project has had significant impact on engineering design, environmental conditions, economic investment and public policy. The software has been utilised by International Nuclear Waste Disposal Authorities, and GRC's work has led to the design and construction of a new repositories in Sweden and Finland.
Detholiad o gyhoeddiadau
- Thomas, H. R. , Sedighi, M. and Vardon, P. J. 2012. Diffusive reactive transport of multicomponent chemicals under coupled thermal, hydraulic, chemical and mechanical conditions. Journal of Geotechnical and Geological Engineering 30 (4), pp.841-857. (10.1007/s10706-012-9502-9)
- Thomas, H. R. et al. 2009. The coupled thermal-hydraulic-mechanical behaviour of a large scale in-situ heating experiment. Géotechnique 59 (4), pp.401-413. (10.1680/geot.2009.59.4.401)
- Cleall, P. J. , Seetheram, S. C. and Thomas, H. R. 2007. Inclusion of some aspects of chemical behaviour of unsaturated soil in thermo/hydro/chemical/mechanical models. II: Application and transport of soluble salts in compacted bentonite. Journal of Engineering Mechanics 133 (3), pp.348-356. (10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9399(2007)133:3(348))
- Thomas, H. R. et al. 2003. Water infiltration into a large-scale in-situ experiment in an underground research laboratory. Geotechnique 53 (2), pp.207-224. (10.1680/geot.2003.53.2.207)
- Thomas, H. R. and He, Y. 1998. Modelling the behaviour of unsaturated soil using an elastoplastic constitutive model. Géotechnique 48 (5), pp.589-603. (10.1680/geot.19188.8.131.529)
- Thomas, H. R. and Li, C. L. W. 1997. An assessment of a model of heat and moisture transfer in unsaturated soil. Géotechnique 47 (1), pp.113-131. (10.1680/geot.19184.108.40.206)