Combating biofilm antimicrobial resistance
Mae'r cynnwys hwn ar gael yn Saesneg yn unig.
A group of multidisciplinary researchers, we have the common research goal of preventing biofilm mediated infections that may arise following the use of an implanted medical device.
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) occurs when administered antibiotics do not result in eradication of infection. Elevated tolerance to antimicrobials is a property of microorganisms when growing as biofilms and this frequently occurs on the surfaces of implanted medical devices.
Our approach is to present novel anti-biofilm chemistries on the surfaces of biomaterials to generate colonisation resistant materials (CRMs). CRMs will inhibit the attachment or kill adherent microorganisms, thereby preventing viable biofilms formation. A range of antimicrobials, tailored by flexible syntheses can also be incorporated into the bulk matrix of biomaterials to facilitate controlled and stimulated release.
A further aspect of our research explores electromagnetic radiation to disrupt established biofilms and stimulate release of our antimicrobial actives.
Biofilms can be defined as microbial communities that are mostly attached to solid substrates with the microorganisms being embedded in a self-produced extracellular polymeric substance (EPS). Biofilms are highly resistant to external threats and unsurprisingly are the preferred form of microbial growth in the natural environment.
Our researchers are from three Universities (Cardiff, Swansea and Greenwich), the NHS and industry (MBi Wales Ltd) and encompass microbiologists, immunologists, chemists, engineers, clinicians and bioinformaticians.
|Dr Ian Fallis
|Dr Nancy Dervisi
|Professor Alastair J Sloan
|Bone Biology and Tissue Engineering
|Dr Melanie Wilson
|Dr Jonathan Lees
|Professor Adrian Porch
|Electromagnetics, Biomaterials and Mechanical Testing
|Professor Sam Evans
|Dr Ann Smith
|Bioinformatics and Data Analysis
|Dr Thomas S. Wilkinson
|Microbiology and Infectious Disease
|Mr Paul Milward
|Dental Technology and Biomaterial Sciences
|Dr Matt Wise
|University Hospital of Wales
|Dr Xiao-Qing Wei
|Dr Joel Loveridge
|Professor Peter Griffiths
|University of Greenwich
|Dr Stephen Jones
|Hip Implant Development and Evaluation
|Professor Julian R Marchesi
|Professor Oliver Williams
|Mr Shibendra Nath Datta
|University Hospital of Wales
|Dr Angelo Amoroso
|Dr Alison Paul
|Dr Simon Pope
|Professor Mark Waters
|Dr Wayne Ayre
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- Jordan, R. P. C. et al. 2015. Development of an antimicrobial urinary catheter to inhibit urinary catheter encrustation. Microbiology Discovery 3 (1) 1. (10.7243/2052-6180-3-1)
- Almalioti, F. et al. 2013. Convenient syntheses of cyanuric chloride-derived NHC ligands, their Ag(i) and Au(i) complexes and antimicrobial activity. Dalton Transactions 42 (34), pp.12370-12380. (10.1039/c3dt51400e)
Al-Ishaq R, Armstrong J, Gregory M, O'Hara M, Phiri K, Harris LG, Rohde H, Siemssen N, Frommelt L, Mack D, Wilkinson TS. 2015. Effects of polysaccharide intercellular adhesin (PIA) in an ex vivo model of whole blood killing and in prosthetic joint infection (PJI): A role for C5a. International Journal of Medical Microbiology. pii: S1438-4221(15)30004-7. (10.1016/j.ijmm.2015.08.005)