PhD/ MPhil Projects

Sumesh Modi

Sumesh Modi did his Bachelors of Architecture at Visvesvaraya Regional College of Engineering, Nagpur, and Masters in Architecture with Specialisation in Architectural Conservation at the School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi. He jointly runs an organisation called People for Heritage Concern, which has done extensive research and documentation at Champaner, Gujarat.

PhD Research

Aquatic Architecture and Urban Morphology at Champaner-Pavagadh

The study analyses the impressive water management system developed in Champaner-Pavagadh, the late-medieval capital of greater Gujarat. This included water catchment at the regional level, distribution of water to settlements, a system of ground replenishment within the settlements, and a means of procuring water from wells and tanks at the domestic level. The history of the hydraulic system of Champaner-Pavagadh began with the Khichi Chauhan dynasty, a line of Rajputs who come to power in 1297. Champaner-Pavagadh remained their capital until 1484 when Sultan Mahmud Begarha captured it and made it the capital of his kingdom of greater Gujarat.




Water structures were significant morphological elements of Gujarati sultanate cities and their gardens. These structures as testify to a highly evolved, urbane culture. The concept of water structures knitting together the urban fabric at various levels of a hierarchy was lost in later Islamic cities of India, such as those of the Mughals, even though water structures remained important elements in gardens and landscapes.