Systemau Cefnforoedd a Hinsawdd

The Ocean and Climate Systems Research Group (OCS RG) works on a variety of processes and timescales within the ocean-climate system.

Our research has focused on:

  • use of long-lived marine shells to extend the instrumental ocean temperature record
  • ice sheet stability and sea level rise
  • the relationship between global temperature and atmospheric CO2
  • impacts of sea level and coastal change
  • ocean and coastal governance
  • mechanisms of abrupt climate change
  • ocean acidification
  • global water cycle.

We also look to the future, using climate models to study impacts of climate change on weather extremes, water resources and coastal communities.

Funding

Lear, C.H. and Pearson, P. N. Super Warm Early Eocene Temperatures. NERCNE/P019102/1. October 2017-September 2022, £722,067

Pearson, P. N., Barker, S. and Wade, B. S. Ocean carbon cycling since the Miocene: testing the metabolic hypothesis. NERC standard grant NE/N001621/1. January 2016-January 2019, £747,000

Cuthbert, M. O. Groundwater recharge in global drylands: processes, quantification & sensitivities to environmental change. NERC NE/P017819/1. August 2017-July 2022, £717,000

Pearson, P. N. Expedition 363 West Pacific Warm Pool: planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy and the evolution of Pulleniatina. NERC IODP Moratorium proposal. Submitted September 2016; already accepted for expedition, £43,720, including 2 months full time FEC plus 1 hour per week FEC

Pearson, P. N. Tanzania Onshore Paleogene Integrated Coring (TOPIC). Approved ICDP grant, $1,000,000

Pearson, P. N. and Saraswati, P. K. Developing records of Paleogene greenhouse climate states from geological sections in India. Royal Society India - UK Scientific Seminar Scheme. 2014, £5,000

Pike, J. IODP Exp. 362-Carbonate accumulation events in the Eocene Indian Ocean. NERC/UK IODP Moratorium Award. NE/P021182/1. February 2017-July 2017, £24,930

Pearson, P. N., Hudson, W., Nicholas, C. J., Thomas, E. and Wade, B. S. Tanzania Onshore Paleogene Integrated Coring. International Continental Scientific Drilling Project Workshop. 2014, $65,000, £43,000

Pearson, P. N., Foster, G. L., Bown, P., Gibbs, S., Pälike, H. and Sexton, P. Abrupt Ocean Acidification Events. NERC / DERFA / DECC grant NE/H017518/1. January 2011– December 2014, £690,000

Pearson, P. N., and Lear, C. Descent into the Icehouse. NERC Standard grant NE/I005870/1. May 2011– November 2014, £378,000 to Cardiff

Bailey, T. R., and Lear, C. Raising public awareness of Ocean Acidification via a pop-up museum. NERC. 2016-2017, £16,400

Lear, C. Pliocene Palaeoclimate off SE Africa. NERC UK IODP Moratorium Grant. 2016-2017, £70,694

Lear, C. A revised record of ice volume change through the Neogene and its impact on carbonate reservoirs offshore Kenya. NERC and BG Group. 2014-2018,  £117,504

Lear, C. Paleoceanographic records from the NW Pacific. NERC UK IODP Moratorium Grant. 2014-2015, £44,397

Barker, S. Glacial terminations of the Plio-Pleistocene. IODP Exp 361 SAFARI Moratorium grant. UK NERC directed grant. NERC ref NE/P000878/1. 2016-2019, £48,887

Abbott, P., Barker, S. and Jaccard, S. SHARP “Southern Ocean and Antarctic Climatic Phasing: Tephrochronological Correlation of Southern Ocean Marine Records and Antarctic Ice-cores”. Marie Skłodowska-Curie Global Fellowship. 2016-2019, £213,718

Skov, M., Ballinger, R. C., Beaumont, N., Bouma, T., Fowler, M., Garbutt, A., Griffin, J. and Litt, E. RESILCOAST, Integrating ecosystem resilience into coastal planning for the persistence of natural flood protection and wetland ecosystem services. NRN-LCRE Project. 2014-2018, £568,000 (Cardiff £223,000)

Ballinger, R. C. Current understanding of saltmarsh habitat in the Severn Estuary and perceptions of managed realignment. NERC Marine Renewable Energy Knowledge Exchange Programme. 2015-2016, £12,379

Ballinger, R. C. Evaluation of terrestrial planning documents for the Wales National Marine Plan. 2015-2016, £12,000

Mossman, H., Dunk, R., Thomson, C., Haigh, I. Ballinger, R. C. and McKinley, E. M. Engagement with contemporary issues in coastal management. NERC Engagement Pilot. 2016-2017, £3,350

Ballinger, R. C. Litter Free Coast and Sea Somerset, Wessex Water, Environment Agency and Sedgemoor District Council. 2015-2018, £99,507

McKinley, E. M., Taylor, L. and Ballinger, R. C. UK SEAS Project. WWF. 2017-2018, £12,484

Beaumont, N., Read, S., Day, B., Ballinger, R. C., Griffin, J., Skov, M., Henwood, K., Pidgeon, N. and Moller, I. CoastWEB: Valuing the contribution which Coastal habitats make to human health and Wellbeing, with a focus on the alleviation of natural hazards. Valuing Nature (Health and Wellbeing). SEP 15 NERC. 2016- 2019, £1,060,267 (£555,962 Cardiff)

Selected publications

Ocean carbon cycling since the middle Miocene

This project focuses on marine carbon cycling since the Middle Miocene Climate Optimum (MMCO) 15 million years ago.

Find out more about the 'ocean carbon cycling since the middle Miocene' project

Group Leader

Carrie Lear

Yr Athro Carrie Lear

Reader in Earth Sciences

Email:
learc@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 9004

Academic staff

Carrie Lear

Yr Athro Carrie Lear

Reader in Earth Sciences

Email:
learc@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 9004
Research ship collecting marine samples

Dr Jenny Pike

Reader in Earth and Ocean Sciences

Email:
pikej@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 5181
Stephen Barker

Yr Athro Stephen Barker

Reader, Director of Research

Email:
barkers3@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 4328
Ian Hall

Yr Athro Ian Hall

Pennaeth yr Ysgol ac Athro Ymchwil

Email:
hall@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 5612 / +44 (0)29 2087 6689
Research ship collecting marine samples

Dr Morten Andersen

Lecturer

Email:
andersenm1@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 4943
Phil Renforth

Dr Phil Renforth

Lecturer

Email:
renforthp@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 9672
Research ship collecting marine samples

Dr Rhoda Ballinger

Senior Lecturer

Email:
ballingerrc@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 6671
Claire Earlie

Dr Claire Earlie

Lecturer in Coastal Processes

Email:
earliec@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 5563
Paul Pearson

Yr Athro Paul Pearson

Professor

Email:
pearsonp@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 4579
Dr Mark Cuthbert

Dr Mark Cuthbert

Research Fellow and Lecturer

Email:
cuthbertm2@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 4051
Adrian Chappell

Dr Adrian Chappell

Reader in Climate Change Impacts

Email:
chappella2@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 0642
Marie Ekstrom

Dr Marie Ekström

Research Fellow in Climate Change Impacts

Email:
ekstromm@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44(0) 29 2068 8788
Dr Sindia Sosdian

Dr Sindia Sosdian

Lecturer

Email:
sosdians@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 4330

Postgraduate students

Associated staff

Sandra Nederbragt

Dr Sandra Nederbragt

Stable Isotope Mass Spectrometer Specialist

Email:
nederbragta@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 6665
Anabel Morte-Ródenas

Dr Anabel Morte-Ródenas

HR-ICP-MS Technician

Email:
morterodenasa@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 6665 (5051 for lab)
Dhobasheni Newman

Dhobasheni Newman

Research Technician

Email:
newmand3@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 6665
Stephen Conn

Stephen Conn

Research Technician

Email:
conns@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 6665
SianLordsmith

Sian Lordsmith

Research Technician

Email:
lordsmiths@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 6665
LinseyOwen

Lindsey Owen

Palaeoclimate Research Technician

Email:
owenl5@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 6665 (6689 for lab)
Emma McKinley

Dr Emma McKinley

Research Fellow

Email:
mckinleye1@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 4573
Lucy Taylor

Ms Lucy Taylor

Severn Estuary Partnership

Email:
taylorl14@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 4713
Katherine Crichton

Dr Katherine Crichton

Research Associate

Email:
crichtonk@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 4573
Flavia Boscolo Galazzo

Dr Flavia Boscolo Galazzo

Research Associate

Email:
boscologalazzof@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 20874573
Eleanor John

Eleanor John

Research Associate

Email:
johne11@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 6665
Peter Abbott

Dr Peter Abbott

Marie Sklodowska-Curie Research Fellow

Email:
abbottp@caerdydd.ac.uk
Meghan Alexander

Dr Meghan Alexander

Research Associate

Email:
alexanderm5@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 9064
Huw Pullin

Dr Huw Pullin

Research Associate

Siarad Cymraeg
Email:
pullinh2@caerdydd.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44 (0)29 2087 4573

CELTIC facility

The Cardiff Environmental Laboratory for Trace Element and Isotope Chemistry hosts a Nu Plasma II MC-ICP-MS for radiogenic and stable isotope analyses. It is also equipped with a Thermo Scientific™ ELEMENT XR™ HR-ICP-MS. The Element XR is a double focusing mass analyser (magnetic sector and electrostatic sector), which benefits from high resolution, a large dynamic range and precise analysis at low concentrations (ppt-ppq).

The Facility also hosts an Excimer Laser Ablation System (ASI Resolution), which can be coupled to either mass spectrometer. The Facility has two class 1000 clean rooms dedicated for low blank processing of geological samples for isotope measurements.

Stable isotope facility

The facility is equipped with a Finnigan MAT 252 and 253 mass spectrometer attached to a Kiel carbonate device, and Delta V advantage mass-spectrometer coupled with a GasBench-II and Flash EFCt Elemental Analyser.

Find out more about the Stable Isotope facility

Electron microbeam facility

The Electron Microbeam facility in the School of Earth and Ocean Sciences houses two Scanning Electron Microscopes (SEM) and an X-ray Diffractometer. The SEM is used for characterisation, imaging and analysis of sub-micron features in materials. The X-ray Diffractometer is used for identifying and characterising minerals, either alone or in complex mixtures.

Find out more about the Electron Microbeam facility

Images