Ewch i’r prif gynnwys
Dr Sara Drake

Dr Sara Drake

Senior Lecturer in Law

+44(0)29 2087 4367
2.08, Adeilad y Gyfraith, Rhodfa'r Amgueddfa, Caerdydd, CF10 3AX
Ar gael fel goruchwyliwr ôl-raddedig


I am a lecturer in European Union (EU) law and EU competition law at Cardiff School of Law and Politics, Cardiff University. My main activities of research are:

  • EU constitutional law, particularly the interface between EU law and national law before national courts;  
  • Interdisciplinary approaches to the enforcement of EU law including those drawn from the field of Regulation and Political Science;

EU constitutional law, particularly the relationship between EU law and national law before national courts

My interest in this area of EU law, which dates back to my PhD, includes the constitutional principles through which EU law rights are effectively enforced before national courts; the procedural rules applicable, and methods and degrees of harmonisation; the effectiveness of the remedies available including the impact of Article 47 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights.

I have published in leading European law journals such as European Law Review, European Public Law and the Irish Journal for European Law. My work has been widely cited by leading EU scholars, and by the judiciary. My 2003 article in European Law Review was favourably cited in the English Court of Appeal in the case of Marks & Spencer v. Commissioners for Customs & Excise [2004] 1 CMLR 8 (29) by Auld LJ.  My publication on the principle of consistent interpretation (2005) has been in the top 10 downloads from European Law Review via Westlaw since 2012.  In 2015, I was invited to act as UK rapporteur for a research project funded by the University of Bergen, Norway, (PI: Professor Christian Franklin) to explore the application and effectiveness of the principle of consistent interpretation in the UK courts. This work was presented at a workshop in Bergen in 2016 and will be published in an edited collection in 2017.   One strand of my work considers the enforcement of EU rights by individuals before national courts in the field of EU competition law (2006).  

Future work will consider the UK's constitutional disentanglement from this legal framework for enforcing EU rights following withdrawal from the EU, and the impact on business, citizens and consumers in the fields of equality and competition law.

Interdisciplinary approaches to the enforcement of EU law

I am currently working on interdisciplinary approaches to the enforcement of EU law. In 2014, I was awarded a 12 month Cardiff University Research Leave Fellowship to develop my work in this area. In 2014, under the auspices of Cardiff University's Centre for European Law and Governance (CELAG), a Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence, and funded by the European Commission, I co-organised an interdisciplinary workshop of scholars drawn from the fields of Law, Regulation, and Political Science. This led to the publication of a multi-disciplinary edited collection (with Dr. Melanie Smith), New Directions in the Effective Enforcment of EU Law and Policy (2016, Edward Elgar). I wrote the lead chapter in the volume, 'More Effective Private Enforcement of EU Law Post-Lisbon: Aligning Regulatory Goals and Constitutional Values' which draws on the regulatory scholarship of Karen Yeung to assess the legal doctrine and institutional design of the EU's framework for enforcing EU rights before national courts. Other aspects of my research draw upon political science theories such as legal mobilisation, adversarial legalism, and Eurolegalism.


I am a graduate in Law with French and have studied at the University of Nantes, France (Erasmus Programme), and Université de Sciences Sociales, Toulouse, France (Maîtrise en droit communautaire et international).  Following completion of my PhD, I taught EU law, EU competition law, and Irish contract law, at the National University of Ireland, Galway, Republic of Ireland, and was appointed Jean Monnet Lecturer in European Public Law in 2001. 

I joined Cardiff University in 2003. I was Visiting Lecturer at the University of Nantes, France (2004), and Visiting Fellow at the European University Institute (EUI), Florence, Italy (2006). I was appointed UK (Alternate) Member, European Union's Economic and Social Committee, Brussels, from 2007-2011, and twice re-appointed from 2014-2015, 2015-present. From 2008-2011, I was Deputy Convenor for the EU and Competition Law Panel of the Society of Legal Scholars. In 2010, I was invited as Visiting Lecturer at the University of Brescia, Italy. 

I have acted as expert reviewer for the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, a reviewer of book proposals for Cambridge University Press, Oxford University Press, Hart Publishing and Routledge, and a reviewer of journal articles for the European Law Review, Journal of Law and Society and Irish Journal of European Law. 

Aelodaethau proffesiynol

Member of the Society of Legal Scholars (SLS)

Member of the Irish Association of Law Teachers (IALT)

Member of the European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR)

Safleoedd academaidd blaenorol

2001-2003: Jean Monnet Lecturer in European Public Law, National University of Ireland, Galway, Republic of Ireland.

1999-2001: Temporary Teaching Assistant, National University of Ireland, Galway, Republic of Ireland.

Pwyllgorau ac adolygu

Chair of Board of Undergraduate Studies         

Member of Board of Postgraduate Studies














Undergraduate Teaching

Law of the European Union, Module Convenor (Year 3)

Postgraduate Teaching

Competition Law, Module Convenor 

PhD Supervision

Matthew Cole - Tying Law in the European Union: Theory and Application (Complete)          


Goruchwyliaeth gyfredol


Michael Howard

Research student

Past projects