Medical and anatomical works
A variety of medical and anatomical texts providing visual as well as contemporary medical understandings of the male and female body, and questions surrounding matters of health.
History of Medicine rare books collection, 1542-2011
A historical collection from the library of the University of Wales College of Medicine (now The Cardiff University School of Medicine).
The collection comprises around 2,000 items published from 1542 to the 21st century, which illustrate the history of professional medicine throughout the centuries. British, continental, and American works depict debates and discoveries in the field of general medicine and within the various medical specialities: anatomy, physiology, surgery, and pharmacology, as well as works on health, dietetics, obstetrics and gynaecology, and herbal remedies. They convey first-hand information about contemporaneous beliefs and advances in the medical field, and provide a variety of popular remedies to a wide range of illness and diseases.
A number of early printed works are enhanced by woodcuts and engravings, which reflect the developments in the anatomical conception of the body.
Works on women’s health and anatomy are listed below, in date order.
Estienne, Charles. La dissection des parties du corps humain, 1546.
Mauriceau, François. Traité des maladies des femmes grosses, 1712
Dionis, Monsieur [Pierre]. A general treatise on midwifery, 1719
Giffard, William. Cases in midwifery, 1734
Albinus, Bernhard Siegfried. Icones ossium foetus humani, 1737
Cowper, William. Anatomy of humane bodies, 1737
Smellie, William. A treatise on the theory and practice of midwifery, 1752
Burton, John. A letter to William Smellie, MD., ... upon his treatise on the theory and practice of midwifery, 1753
Smellie, William. A collection of cases and observations in midwifery, 1758
Smellie, William. A collection of cases and observations in midwifery, 1764
Smellie, William. A collection of preternatural cases and observations in midwifery, 1764
Hamilton, Alexander. Elements of the practice of midwifery, 1775
Smellie, William. A collection of cases and observations in midwifery, vol. II, 1779
Smellie, William. A collection of preternatural cases and observations in midwifery, vol III, 1779
Perfect, William. Cases in midwifery, 1784
Freeman, Stephen. The ladies friend..., to which is annexed, The practical midwife, 1787
Hamilton, Alexander. Outlines of the theory and practice of midwifery, 1787
Douglas, Andrew. Observations on the rupture of the gravid uterus, 1789
Baudelocque, Jean Louis. A system of midwifery (trans. John Heath), 1790
Smellie, William. Treatise on the theory and practice of midwifery, part 1, 1790
Denman, Thomas. An introduction to the practice of midwifery, vol. 1, 1794
Burns, John. The anatomy of the gravid uterus, 1799
Buchan, William. Advice to mothers on the subject of their own health, 1803
Moreau, Jacques Louis. Histoire naturelle de la femme, suivie d'un traité d'hygiène, 1803
Denman, Thomas. An introduction to the practice of midwifery, 1805
Haighton, John. A syllabus on the lectures on midwifery, 1808
Merriman, Samuel. A dissertation on retroversion of the womb, 1810
Rawlins, R. Thoughts on the menstruations of women, 1811
Rigby, Edward. An essay on the uterine haemorrhage, 1811
Capuron, Joseph. Traité des maladies des femmes, 1812
Granville, Augustus Bozzi. A report on the practice of midwifery at the Westminster general dispensary, during 1818, 1819
Hamilton, Alexander. A treatise on the management of female complaints, 1821
Dewees, William Potts. A compendious system of midwifery, 1825
Guitbert, J. N. Considérations pratiques sur certaines affections de l'utérus, 1826
Gooch, Robert. An account of some of the most important diseases peculiar to women, 1829
Addison, Thomas. Observations on the disorders of females, connected with uterine irritation, 1830
Gooch, Robert. A practical compendium of midwifery, 1831
Ingleby, John Thomas. A practical treatise on uterine haemorrhage, in connection with pregnancy and parturition, 1832
Lee, Robert. Researches on the pathology and treatment of some of the most important diseases of women, 1833
Boivin, Marie Anne Victoire. A practical treatise on the diseases of the uterus and its appendages (trans. G. O. Hemming), 1834
Collins, Robert. A practical treatise on midwifery, 1835
Blundell, James. The principles and practice of obstetric medicine, 1837
Jones, William. Practical observations on diseases of women, 1838
Ferguson, Robert. Essays on the most important diseases of women, part 1, 1839
Laycock, Thomas. A treatise on the nervous diseases of women, 1840
Streeter, John Soper. Practical observations on abortion, 1840
Rigby, Edward. A system of midwifery, vol. II, 1841
Hunter, William. An anatomical description of the human gravid uterus, 1843
Lee, Robert. Lectures on the theory and practice of midwifery, 1844
Rigby, Edward. On dysmenorrhoea and other uterine affections, 1844
Jacquemier, Jean-Marie. Manuel des accouchements et des maladies des femmes grosses et accouchees, 1846
Clay, Charles. Encyclopaedia obstetrica, or, A theoretical, practical, historical, biographical, and critical dictionary of obstetrics, 1849
Roberton, John. Essays and notes on the physiology and diseases of women, and on practical midwifery, 1851
Montgomery, William Fetherston Haugh. An exposition of the signs and symptoms of pregnancy, 1856
Meigs, Charles D. Woman: her diseases and remedies, 1859
Noeggerath, Emil. Contributions to midwifery, and diseases of women, 1859
Burns, John. Principles of midwifery: including the diseases of women and children, 1863
Huguier, Pierre Charles. De l'hystérométrie et du cathétérisme utérin, 1865
Duncan, J. Matthews. Fecundity, fertility, sterility and allied topics, 1866
Sims, James Marion. Clinical notes on uterine surgery, 1866
Ramsbotham, Francis H. The principles and practice of obstetric medicine and surgery, 1867
Wright, Henry G. Uterine disorders: their constitutional influence and treatment, 1867
Emmet, Thomas Addis. Vesico-vaginal fistula from parturition and other causes, 1868
Duncan, James Matthews. On the mortality of childbed and maternity hospitals, 1870
Acton, William. The functions and disorders of the reproductive organs, 1871
Simpson, James Young. Selected obstetrical and gynaecological works of Sir James Y. Simpson (ed. J. Watt Black), 1871
Lee, Robert. A treatise on hysteria, 1871
Wells, Thomas Spencer. Diseases of the ovaries: their diagnosis and treatment, 1872
Tait, Lawson. Diseases of women, 1877
Aveling, James Hobson. The influence of posture on women, in gynecic and obstetric practice, 1878
Hegar, Alfred. Die castration der Frauen, 1878
Martin, Eduard A., Hand-atlas der gynäkologie und geburtshülfe, 1878
Duncan, James Matthews, Clinical lectures on the diseases of women, 1879
Duncan, James Matthews, Papers on the female perineum, etc., 1879
Ercolani, Giovanni Battista, The utricular glands of the uterus (trans. Henry O. Marcy), 1880
Wells, Thomas Spencer, On ovarian and uterine tumors: their diagnosis and treatment, 1882
Croom, J. Halliday. A study of the bladder during parturition, 1884
Barbour, A. H. Freeland. The anatomy and relations of the uterus during the third stage of labour, 1884
Aveling, James H. On inversion of the uterus, 1886
Barbour, A. H. Freeland. Sectional anatomy of labour. Third stage, 1887
Hart, D. Berry. Contribution to the sectional anatomy of advanced gestation, 1887
Barbour, A. H. Freeland. Early contributions of anatomy to obstetrics, 1888
Williams, Sir John. On cancer of the uterus, 1888
Siebold, Eduard Caspar Jacob von. Essai d'une histoire de l'obstetricie, tome II, 1891
Wilson, Edmund B. Atlas of the fertilization and karyokinesis of the ovum, 1895
Minot, Charles Sedgwick. Human embryology, 1897
Alexander, William. Practical gynaecology, 1899
Williams, J. Whitridge. Obstetrics: a textbook for the use of students and practitioners, 1903
Bland-Sutton, John. Essays on the position of abdominal hysterectomy in London, 1909
Bell, W. Blair. The principles of gynaecology, 1910
Liddiard, Mabel. The mothercraft manual, or the expectant nursing mother, 1934
Central Midwives Board. Midwives' acts 1902-1936, 1937
Mason-Hohl, Elizabeth. Diseases of women, 1940
Rivett, L. Carnac [et al]. The Queen Charlotte's text-book of obstetrics, 1945
Read, Grantly Dick. Revelation of childbirth: the principles and practice of natural childbirth, 1947
Lane, W. Arbuthnot. The modern woman's home doctor, 1949
Lewis-Fanning, E. Report on an enquiry into family limitation, 1949
Young, James. A text-book of gynaecology for students and practitioners, 1950
Johnstone, Robert William. A text-book of midwifery, 1952
Johnstone, Robert William. William Smellie, the master of British midwifery, 1952
Wylie, William Derek. Practical management of pain in labour, 1953
King Edward's Hospital Fund for London. Report of an investigation into the dietary of elderly women living alone, 1965
Tait, Lawson. Diseases of women and abdominal surgery, vol. 1 (reprint, first published 1889), 1989
Oakley, Ann. Captured womb: a history of the medical care of pregnant women, 1990
Medical and anatomical works in other collections
An account of the Benevolent Institution for the Purpose of Delivering Poor Married Women at their own habitations: established in Chester, January 1798,(1798).Special Collections: Salisbury, WG30(1798).
Annogaeth i wragedd i dalu diolch i Dduw, ar ôl esgor plant, (Llanerchymedd, 1822). Special Collections: Salisbury, WG37(1822).
Aristotle, Gwaith Aristotle, yr enwog philosophydd : sef ei gyflawn brif orchestwaith, yn amlygu dirgelion natur mewn perthynas i genhedliad dyn., (c.1843). Special Collections: Salisbury, WG19.A.
Armstrong, John, The art of preserving health: a poem. In four books. I. Air. II. Diet. III. Exercise. IV. The passions, (London, 1748). Special Collections: Cardiff Rare Books Collection: Early English Octavos, PR3312.P5.
Combe, George, Cyfansoddiad dyn: yn cael ei ystyried yn ei berthynas a gwrthddrychau allanol (The constitution of man considered in relation to external objects), trans. by Jenkin Evans, (Caerdydd, 1883). Special Collections: Salisbury, WG19.C. *Welsh translation of Combe’s work on Phrenology.
Crooke, Helkiah, Mikrokosmographia. A description of the body of man: Together vvith the controuersies thereto belonging. Collected and translated out of all the best authors of anatomy, especially out of Gasper Bauhinus and Andreas Laurentius, (London, 1631). Special Collections: Cardiff Rare Books Collection, Early English Folios, QM21.C7.
Cureau, Marin, de la Chambre, The Art How to Know Men: Rendered into English by John Davies of Kidwelly, (London, 1665). Salisbury, WG30(1665).
Davis, David, The principles and practice of obstetric medicine, in a series of systematic dissertations on midwifery, and on the diseases of women and children, (London, 1836). Special Collections: Salisbury, Border Counties Collection WG36.6.344.
Davis, David, Elements of operative midwifery: comprising a description of certain new and improved powers for assisting difficult and dangerous labours, with cautionary strictures on the improper use of instruments, (London, 1825). Special Collections: Salisbury, Border Counties Collection, WG36.6.345.
Davies, Evan, Cynghorion a chyfarwyddiadau er cymorth i bobl gyffredin werthfawrogi, dyogelu, cadw, ac adfywio yr iechyd, (Llanrwst, 1840). Special Collections: Salisbury, WG19.D. *Gives a range of ‘medical’ advice to men and women.
Fowler, Robert, A complete history of the case of the Welsh fasting-girl (Sarah Jacob) with comments thereon: and observations on death from starvation, (London, 1871). Special Collections: Salisbury, WG4.36.J.
Jones, Griffith, Awgrymiadau ar gorphyddiaeth (Somalogy), neu, Pa fodd i gyraedd gwybodaeth gyffredinol o ddynolryw, oddiwrth arwyddion allanol, (Llangollen, 1845). Special Collections: Salisbury, WG37(1845).
Jones, John, Pwyllwyddoreg: sef, Traethawd ar y cydweddiad sydd rhwng yr ymenydd a'r cynneddfau a'r tueddiadau meddyliawl = Phrenology, (Llanrwst, 1839?). Special Collections: Salisbury, WG37(1839).
Lewis, Sir George Cornewall, A letter to the electors of Herefordshire, (London, 1851). Special Collections: Salisbury, WG37(1851). *Childbirth Statistics.
Macclesfield Lying-In Charity, Rules and regulations of the Macclesfield Lying-In Charity: instituted, April, 1830, (Macclesfield, 1839). Special Collections: Salisbury, WG36.2.2955.
Martin, Benjamin, Bibliotheca technologica: or, a philological library of literary arts and sciences. Viz. I. Theology; or the first principles of natural religion. II. Ethics, or morality; the doctrine of moral virtues. III. Christianity; or the substance of the Christian religion. IV. Judaism; or the religion and state of the Jews. V. Mahometanism; or the life, religion, and polity of Mahomet. VI. Gentilism; or the deities and religion of the heathen. VII. Mythology; or an explanation of fabulous histories. VIII. Grammar and language, particularly o fthe English tongue. IX. Rhetoric and oratory; or the art of speaking eloquently. X. Logic; or teh art of reasoning and persuasion. XI. Ontology; or the science of being abstractedly considered. XII. POetry; or the art of making verses or poems. XIII. Criticism; or art of judging well of men and things. XIV. Geography; or a description of the world. XV. Chronology; or the doctrine of time. XVI. History; with the original of nations and kingdoms. XVII. Physiology; or science of natural philosophy. XVIII. Botany; or the doctrine of plants and vegetables. XIX. Anatomy; or a description of the parts of the human body. XX. Pharmacy; or the art of making medicines. XXI. Medicine: or the theory of physic and diseases. XXII. Polity and oeconomics; or the doctrine of society and government. XXIII. Jurisprudence; or the knowledge of law or right. XXIV. Heraldry; or art of blazoning coat-armour. XXV. Miscellanies: an account of the mathematical arts and sciences, (London, 1740). SCOLAR@Newport Road: Carmarthen Collection, AE4.M2 1740.
Miller, Patrick, Woman in detail: a scientific survey, (London, 1947). Special Collections: Cardiff Rare Books Collection: Private Presses Octavos, Golden Cockerel Press, N7630.M4.
Mitchison, Naomi, Comments on birth control, (London, 1930). Special Collections: Cardiff Rare Books Collection, HQ766 .M48 1930.
Weaver, John, Anatomical and mechanical lectures upon dancing: wherein rules and institutions for that art are laid down and demonstrated, (London, 1721). Special Collections: Salisbury, WG30(1721).
Cardiff Medical Officer reports, 1853-1926
Access the Cardiff Medical Officer reports via the Internet Archive.
Early reports provide data on birth rates, death rates, marriages, infant mortality, housing conditions, deaths in public institutions, violent deaths, and details of incidences of disease and death broken down by cause, age and sex.
From the 1890s, reports start to interrogate this data in more detail, providing marital status by age, causes of infant mortality, and breakdowns of legitimate and illegitimate births by Cardiff district, including the Union workhouse.
From 1902 there are reports relating to the Midwives Act 1902 and from 1908, the Notification of Births Act 1907.
From 1914, specific information is provided on maternity and child welfare, including: notifications of births and still births, child welfare consultations, ante-natal consultations, dental clinic, maternity hospitals, domiciliary visits by health visitors, supply of free milk, training of midwives, midwives practising in Cardiff, medical practitioners called in by midwives, home nursing, home helps, homeless children, and venereal disease.
From 1923, reports are provided relating to the Mental Deficiency Act 1913, including classification of known cases, and summaries of cases in institutions, under guardianship or under supervision at home.
Works by and about Florence Nightingale, and the history of nursing, 1860-1962
Nightingale, Florence. Notes on nursing: What it is, and what it is not, 1860
Nightingale, Florence. Notes on nursing for the labouring classes, 1861
Nightingale, Florence. Notes on hospitals, 1863
Nightingale, Florence. Introductory notes on lying-in institutions, 1871
Jex-Blake, Sophia. Medical women; two essays: I. Medicine as a profession for women; II. Medical education of women, 1872
Nightingale, Florence. The art of nursing (new and revised ed.), 1946
Robinson, Victor. White caps: the story of nursing, 1946
Seymer, Lucy Ridgely. Florence Nightingale, 1950
Pavey, Agnes Elizabeth. The story of the growth of nursing as an art, a vocation and a profession, 1951
Cope, Zachery. Florence Nightingale and the doctors, 1958
Bishop, W. J. A bio-bibliography of Florence Nightingale, 1962
Nightingale, Florence. Notes on nursing: what it is, and what it is not (facsim. of 1st ed., 1859), 1970
Evidence-based gynaecology and obstetrics, 1977-2007
Sir Iain Chalmers was co-founder of the Cochrane Collaboration. The Collaboration was formed to organise medical research information in a systematic way in the interests of evidence-based medicine. His papers cover his involvement with the Royal College of Gynaecologists, British Paediatric Association, British Paediatric Perinatal Group, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, British Journal of Gynaecology, British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, and Association for General Practice Maternity Care, 1977-2001. Browse the online catalogue.
Papers from the UK Cochrane Centre’s research groups on gynaecological cancer, menstrual disorders and subfertility, and pregnancy and childbirth, 1989-2007. Browse the online catalogue.
Priscilla Scott-Ellis diaries, 1937-1941
Diaries of the Hon. Priscilla Scott-Ellis (b.1916), daughter of Thomas, 8th Lord Howard de Walden, 1937-1941. 9 vols. In 1937, Priscilla Scott-Ellis travelled to Spain to support the Nationalist Army fighting the Popular Front government. She trained in first aid and carried out nursing duties at the front-line. For women’s history researchers, the diaries provide a rare insight into the daily life of a nurse in the Spanish Civil War. Browse the online catalogue.