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Healthcare technologies

Multi-scale, multi-parametric data acquisition and analysis for healthcare.

Advanced sensor technology collects vast amounts of data about a range of biological processes, relevant specifically to medicine and healthcare. We are developing algorithms to acquire and analyse such data to improve our understanding of such processes and enable medical diagnosis and treatment of diseases.

On a molecular scale, information about biochemical mechanisms helps us to understand normal and abnormal processes in the human body. Knowledge about such processes improves our understanding of how parts of the human body works, such as the brain. It also enables to model the mechanisms of diseases, to develop diagnosis and treatment techniques.

Similarly, on larger scales, involving a whole human or even groups of humans, we are able to monitor and characterise human behaviour. For example, we may monitor human activity with wearable devices to detect emergencies or slowly developing conditions. We may also collect data about human task performance, for example to model and predict the efficiency of medical diagnosis and improve diagnosis procedures.

Our group has expertise in control, modelling, simulation, machine learning, geometry, video and image processing and has a range of active projects across the scales, data sources and algorithms. Ultimately we envisage linking the processes across scales and different data sources to enable a more complete understanding of biological processes in healthcare.

Aims

  • Devise quantum control techniques to compute pulse sequences for magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging based on user-defined targets, such as identifying and quantifying specific metabolites.
  • Develop methods to characterise bio-chemical mechanisms and learn functional models from empirical data.
  • Early stage cancer and dementia diagnosis from multi-parametric data.

Our research can be described under the following headings:

Magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy (MRI/S)

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging holds the promise to identify specific metabolites using techniques from quantum control which are commonly used in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (to identify chemical composition, molecule structures, etc.)

However, practical considerations of imaging and spectroscopy in patients (complex biological environments at room temperature compared to the highly controlled environments of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) cause many uncertainties which makes it hard to obtain reliable data or any usable data at all.

Recent approaches from robust quantum control deep learning and advances in sensing technology help to improve these techniques to obtain more reliable information about specific metabolites. This in turn can help to identify biomarkers for early diagnosis of diseases such as cancer and dementia. It also builds the basis to obtain quantified data to build functional models of biochemical processes.

We are developing control techniques to compute custom magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy pulse sequences, based on user-defined targets, such as quantifying specific metabolites. Quantification of the data acquired with such techniques is done using traditional spectral analysis techniques as well as deep learning.

Medical image segmentation

We work on medical image segmentation using deep learning. We work on techniques for brain tumour and stroke lesion segmentation and develop techniques to detect early signs of Alzheimer's disease based on MRI, CT and PET images. We further devise methods for computer-aided diagnosis of early-stage prostate cancer and lung cancer diagnosis and treatment planning based on CT.

Human task performance

We aim to develop computational models that can automatically and reliably predict the task performance of the radiologist in the interpretation (such as lesion detection) of medical images. These models will be used either to support the human to augment diagnostic efficiency, or to train the human towards improved diagnostic accuracy.

Selected publications

Funding

EPSRC

Project name: A BioEngineering approach for the SAFE design and fitting of Respiratory Protective Equipment (BE-SAFE RPE), 2020–2022, Paul Rosin and Dave Marshall (School of Computer Science and Informatics)
Principal investigator: Peter Worsley, University of Southampton

KTP

Project name: Integration of video realistic avatar capability into an artificial intelligence driven healthcare information platform, 2019–2020, Paul Rosin and Dave Marshall

Lead researcher

Dr Frank Langbein

Dr Frank Langbein

Senior Lecturer

Email
langbeinfc@cardiff.ac.uk
Telephone
+44 (0)29 2087 0110

Academic staff

Dr Xianfang Sun

Dr Xianfang Sun

Senior Lecturer

Email
sunx2@cardiff.ac.uk
Telephone
+44 (0)29 2087 9355
Dr Kirill Sidorov

Dr Kirill Sidorov

Lecturer

Email
sidorovk@cardiff.ac.uk
Telephone
+44 (0)29 2087 6925
Dr Bailin Deng

Dr Bailin Deng

Lecturer

Email
dengb3@cardiff.ac.uk
Telephone
+44 (0)29 2087 4591
Dr Yipeng Qin

Dr Yipeng Qin

Lecturer

Email
qiny16@cardiff.ac.uk
Telephone
+44 (0)29 2087 5537
Dr Padraig Corcoran

Dr Padraig Corcoran

Director, Data Science Academy
Senior Lecturer

Email
corcoranp@cardiff.ac.uk
Telephone
+44 (0)29 2087 6996
Dr Jing Wu

Dr Jing Wu

Lecturer

Email
wuj11@cardiff.ac.uk
Telephone
+44 (0)2920 688810
Dr Hantao Liu

Dr Hantao Liu

Director of International
Senior Lecturer

Email
liuh35@cardiff.ac.uk
Telephone
+442920876557
Professor Paul Rosin

Professor Paul Rosin

Professor of Computer Vision

Email
rosinpl@cardiff.ac.uk
Telephone
+44 (0)29 2087 5585
Professor David Marshall

Professor David Marshall

Professor of Computer Vision

Email
marshallad@cardiff.ac.uk
Telephone
+44 (0)29 2087 5318
Dr Alexia Zoumpoulaki

Dr Alexia Zoumpoulaki

Lecturer

Email
zoumpoulakia@cardiff.ac.uk
Telephone
+44 (0)29 2251 0052
Professor Yukun Lai

Professor Yukun Lai

Director of Research

Email
laiy4@cardiff.ac.uk
Telephone
+44 (0)29 2087 6353
Dr Christopher Jenkins

Dr Christopher Jenkins

Research Associate

Email
jenkinsc23@cardiff.ac.uk
Telephone
+44 (0)29 2087 0713

Postgraduate students

No profile image

Asmail Muftah

Research student

Email
muftaha@cardiff.ac.uk

Associated staff

Dr Christopher Jenkins

Dr Christopher Jenkins

Research Associate

Email
jenkinsc23@cardiff.ac.uk
Telephone
+44 (0)29 2087 0713