Skip to main content


BRAINTRAIN will improve and adapt the methods of real-time fMRI neurofeedback (fMRI-NF) for clinical use.


BRAINTRAIN started in November 2013 and is coordinated by Cardiff University. The consortium consists of 13 partners across the European Union. One of the objectives is to explore the clinical use of fMRI-based neurofeedback in disorders where people exhibit dysfunctional brain activity and where current treatments are not satisfactory. Our partners have been working across a variety of clinical trials for over four years now.

Cardiff University

Chief Investigator: Prof David Linden

Motivational neurofeedback in alcohol dependence. NCT02486900.

Finished recruitment (52 patients in total were randomised) and the primary outcome measures were completed in January 2018. Follow-up will be completed in July/August 2018.

Oxford University/King's College London

Chief Investigator: Dr Jennifer Lau (KCL)

Emotion regulation in adolescent girls with a range of anxiety levels. NCT02463136.

Recruitment and testing was completed in May 2017. 50 participants were recruited and screened and 41 participants completed testing. For the final months, a follow-up project is being set-up where participants to come back in June/July 2018 for another testing session to assess the longevity of the training effects.

The University of Coimbra

Chief Investigator: Prof Miguel Castelo-Branco

Completed 2 trials both with 15 participants.

Trial 1: “Improving facial expression identification in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): a real-time fMRI neurofeedback approach” NCT02440451.

Trial 2: “An interventional study to improve social attention in autism spectrum disorder (ASD): a brain computer interface (BCI) approach” NCT02445625.

Tel-Aviv University

Chief Investigator: Prof Talma Hendler

Completing 2 trials focussing on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

Trial 1: Neurofeedback prevention for early stress related adversity.

Recruited a total of 36 participants. Follow are expected to be completed by October 2018.

Trial 2: Neurofeedback therapeutic intervention for PTSD.

Recruited a total of 57 patients. Follow-up assessments are also expected to conclude by October 2018.

Eberhard Karls Universitaet Tubingen

Chief Investigator: Prof Niels Birbaumer

Modulating functional connectivity between eating-related brain areas by neurofeedback.

Forty overweight or obese subjects (BMI, 25-40 kg/m²) took part in a single-blind randomized controlled trial. Data are currently being analysed and prepared for publication.

Collaborative EU project

BRAINTRAIN is a European research network (Collaborative Project) supported by the European Commission under the Health Cooperation Work Programme of the 7th Framework Programme, under the Grant Agreement n°602186.


Key facts

Start date 1 Nov 2013
End date 31 Oct 2018
Grant value £5,376,283
  • Closed to recruitment
  • Analysis and reporting

General enquiries

Related documents

Related links