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Low Carbon Built Environment (LCBE) SPECIFIC 2 Programme

PV installation, Swansea
PV installation, Swansea

The SPECIFIC 2 Low Carbon Built Environment (LCBE) research team aim to optimise a ‘whole systems-based approach’ combining renewable energy supply, energy storage and demand reduction technologies to create a replicable and affordable low-carbon built environment.

The LCBE research team at the Welsh School of Architecture have secured £3.4 million to implement affordable and replicable low-carbon technologies in the built environment in Wales as part of the SPECIFIC programme of works. We are collaborating with industry, government, academia and the public on 18 demonstration projects to optimise a ‘whole systems-based approach’ combining renewable energy supply, energy storage and energy demand reduction technologies to create a low-carbon built environment that is replicable, affordable and appropriate for the context. This investment is part of a £37.3 million, EU-backed project involving a consortium of academic and industrial organisations led by Swansea University in partnership with Cardiff University, Akzo Nobel, NSG Pilkington, Tata Steel and a wide range of other business and academic partners, and will run until March 2023.


We are developing and trialling the whole systems-based approach, modelling and monitoring the energy and environmental performance of a broad range of built environments to propose an affordable and replicable suite of solutions with evidence of carbon savings, cost of technologies, energy supply, storage and consumption capabilities and energy cost savings.

Modelling and monitoring outcomes are used to inform the decision-making process on a set of solutions that have been demonstrated in a range of buildings including groups of social and owner-occupied housing. Once the technologies are implemented in practice, monitoring continues to provide evidence of energy and environmental performance.


  • Phil Jones, XiaoJun Li, Emmanouil Perisoglou, Jo Patterson, Five Energy Retrofit Houses in South Wales, Energy and Buildings 154 (2017), 335–42.
  • Coma Bassas, Ester, Patterson, Joanne and Jones, Phillip 2020. A review of the evolution of green residential architecture. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 125, 109796. 10.1016/j.rser.2020.109796
  • Jones, Phillip, Li, Xiaojun, Coma Bassas, Ester, Perisoglou, Emmanouil and Patterson, Jo 2020. Energy-positive house: performance assessment through simulation and measurement. Energies 13 (18), 4705. 10.3390/en13184705

Academic staff


SPECIFIC is part-funded by the European Regional Development Fund through the Welsh Government, and by Innovate UK and EPSRC.


Professor Jo Patterson

Professor Jo Patterson

Professorial Research Fellow

+44 (0)29 2087 4754