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Current Project

Principal Investigator

The Option 2 Project Logo

Professor Donald Forrester (University of Bedfordshire)



Professor Alex Copello (University of Birmingham)

Dr Sarah Galvani (University of Bedfordshire)

Dr Sally Holland (Cardiff University, SOCSI)



Dr Annie Williams (Cardiff University, SOCSI)


With unanswered questions about the impact of the Option 2 services on the welfare of families and children. The current project seeks to answer the following research questions:

  • What is the impact of Option 2 on family functioning?
  • What is the impact of Option 2 on child welfare?
  • What is the impact of Option 2 on parental substance use and misuse?
  • How does the impact of Option 2 change over time?
  • What are the experiences of parents and children who receive Option 2?
  • Is it possible to develop a model of change and influential factors over time? 



The project will use mixed methods to collect data from families who received Option 2 services (n = 25 families) and from families referred to Option 2 but who did not receive the intervention (n = 25 families).Interviews with families, including children over the age of seven, will collect information about:

  • The child’s welfare
  • Parental substance use
  • Family functioning

The Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (Goodman,1997) will collect standardised information about the child’s welfare, the Maudsley Addiction Profile (Marsden et al. 1998) will record current substance use, the Family Environment Scale (Moos & Moos 1986) will be use to measure family functioning.


The Option 2 Project Schedule