noun phrase/nominal group
expressions (see below )
language production (see KeyStroke
you are interested in coming to Cardiff to explore one (or more) of
these topics, please contact me
to discuss the opportunities offered at Cardiff University in terms of
MA studies, PhD research or collaboration.
My teaching and research
below ) are in the fields of
Linguistics and Computer-mediated Communication. Whenever possible, I
like to merge these interests.
I teach the following
(formerly Describing Language)
This module presents a functional model of linguistic description:
Systemic Functional Linguistics. We develop an analytical
method of exploring particular lexical and grammatical choices and how
speakers use language as a resource for creating meaning. The main aim
of the module is to better understand both the meaning potential
available to speakers and how particular choices in meaning affect the
are interested in learning more about Systemic Functional Linguistics;
you can follow the links below. I won't reproduce a list of useful
links here since Mick O'Donnell's site has just about everything you
might want to know and I'll add a link here to some of the work that's
been done here at Cardiff University.
O'Donnell's SFL site
writings on the Cardiff Grammar
(and more links)
explores the world of words. What is a word? What range of meanings
does a word have? How are word meanings related? How can we tell them
apart? How do words ‘behave’ in texts? Where do
words come from and how do they change? In this module we will explore
a number of different approaches to the semantics of words. We will
take an investigative look at our words from various perspectives. Part
of the basis for investigating words will be through electronic corpora
(e.g. what can tools like Google or other search engines tell us about
words?). The emphasis will be on how speakers actually use words in
texts. Students will be given the opportunity to gain some hands-on
experience using electronic resources (e.g. the Sketch Engine, British
explores the ways in which researchers examine the relationship between
language and the mind. How do we plan what we say and write, and how do
we understand what we hear and read? How are words organised in our
memory and why do we sometimes forget them? Why do we sometimes make
slips of the tongue? We’ll consider whether it is true that
‘everything important about language is in the
head’—how does psycholinguistics relate to the
other things we know about language, including context and social
interaction? We will critically examine, and try out, the methodologies
that psycholinguists use when they attempt to pin down features of
language processing. This module will be highly relevant to any student
with interests in language learning, language disorders, teaching, or
generally in how language works.
This module aims to
introduce students to the key ways in which psycholinguistic
investigations can inform our understanding of language and the mind,
and the limitations of these approaches. By considering language in its
biological, cognitive and social contexts, the contribution of various
methods used in psycholinguistic research can be evaluated, including
how we should interpret ‘lab’-based observations
and experiments in relation to findings from other areas of
linguistics. Theoretical models of language processing (e.g. speech
production, reading, writing) will be examined, with particular
reference to evidence of planning errors (e.g. slips of the tongue).
The aim of
this module is
to introduce digital language and literacy as an area of study. We will
focus especially on Internet-based discourse, including for example
e-mail messages, Twitter, discussion lists, chat, Social Network Sites,
HTML and Web pages, blogging, and virtual communities. In this module,
we will investigate the nature of digital text(s) as a Mode of
Discourse, including the relation between text, meaning and technology.
has changed almost everything and this has changed the way we learn,
work and live. According to JISC, an estimated 77% of UK jobs involve
some form of information and communications technology (ICT)
competence. This module explores the nature of language in the digital
age and issues related to digital literacy. This includes considering
the register and genre of various types of digital text (Twitter,
Facebook, blogs, wikis, Tumblr, etc.), including the semiotic resources
available and the relationship between text, meaning and technology. In
doing so digital language will be explored in various contexts (e.g.
personal, work, education).
I have become interested in cognitive processes and their relationship
to language choice. I'm pursuing this in two areas: keystroke logging
of spontaneous online chat and NLP (neuro-linguistics processing).
My main research
focus has been on
referring expressions, which includes personal reference. These
expressions are typically realized as nominal groups in the
lexicogrammar and so my research focusses on the unit of the nominal
group. I take a multi-disciplinary approach to the problem of how
Speakers refer to 'objects'. For me, this includes related fields of
linguistics study such as: corpus linguistics, computational
linguistics, lexis, lexicogrammar, corpus linguistics, sociolinguistics
and psycholinguistics. Since the study of referring expressions is vast
and complex, my chosen area is post-modification in the nominal group,
or complex referring
a database of tagged Referring EXpressions
This database is still
underconstruction, but follow the link for more information.
Fontaine, L. (2006) REX,
a database of
Referring EXpressions tagged with both functional and syntactic labels.
CD-ROM. Centre for Language and Communication Research, ENCAP, Cardiff
Other areas of interest:
personal reference, functional grammar, the role of choice in language
production, keyboarded language (as opposed to spoken or written),
computer-mediated communication, systemic functional linguistics.
project is a study of the human production of electronic language using
a keyboard (e.g. email, chat, Facebook, and other types of spontaneous,
personal computer-mediated communication). In this study, the analysis
would be based on the use of keystroke software (Inputlog )
which records all keystrokes made by the speaker.
research topics in the project include:
influence of "typed" language on linguistic choice
(online or as it happens) language processing
online language processing (synchronous real time exchanges, e.g. chat)
and reflective language processing (asynchronous exchanges, e.g. email,
relevant topics arising from the data.
Publications - see also http://cardiff.academia.edu/LiseFontaine
(2013) with Tom Bartlett
& Gerard O’Grady (eds.) Systemic Functional
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(2013) Analysing English Grammar: A Systemic
Functional Introduction .
(2013) with Gerard
O’Grady & Tom Bartlett (eds.) Choice in Language:
Applications in Text
(2013) Semantic options
and complex functions: a recursive view of choice. In Lise Fontaine,
Tom Bartlett & Gerard O’Grady (eds.) Systemic Functional
Choice. Cambridge: Cambridge
(2013) Choice in
contemporary systemic functional theory. In Lise Fontaine, Tom Bartlett
& Gerard O’Grady (eds.) Systemic
Functional Linguistics: Exploring Choice.
(2009) with Yves Kodratoff
Jérôme Azé, ''CorTag: a contextual
tagging of words within their sentences" in Information
Retrieval in Biomedicine : Natural Language Processing for Knowledge
Integration Violaine Prince and
Mathieu Roche (eds.) London: IGI Publishing. pp.177-189.
(2007) "The Variability of
Expressions : an alternative perspective on the noun phrase in
English" in LACUS Forum XXXIII – Variation.,Douglas
Coleman, William Sullivan, and Arle Lommel (eds.) pp. 159-170.
(2006) “Where do
"we" fit in?
Linguistic Inclusion and Exclusion in a Virtual Community” In
Beyond Misunderstanding, the linguistic reconstruction of intercultural
communication. Kristin Bührig and Jan D. ten Thije (eds.) pp.
319-356, Amsterdam : John Benjamins Publishing Company. ISBN
(2005) “Une analyse
pragmatique des pronoms personnels : Etude d'un discours sur la
propagande raciste dans une communauté virtuelle”
in Linguistic Aspects of the Text of Propaganda Banks, David (Ed)
Harmattan: Paris. ISBN 2-296-00007-X. [pdf]
(2005) with M. Franova,
Kodratoff “Une analyse récursive constructive pour
la recherche du sens du texte de
Spécialité” in Revue des Nouvelles
Technologies de l'Information RNTI, special issue on Text Mining.
Toulouse, France. ISBN 2-85428-702-9.
dans ses lettres à Joséphine: quand il la traite
de Vous” in Linguistic Signs of the Author's Presence, Banks,
David (Ed) Paris: Harmattan. ISBN 2-7475-9083-6. [draft
version available here]
(2004) "Textual Challenges
Texts" In Text and Texture: Systemic Functional viewpoints on the
nature and structure of text, Banks, David (ed) pp. 301-328, Paris :
Harmattan. ISBN 2-7475-5812-6.
Québec : the use of personal pronouns in online personal
reviews of the film, 15 février 1839” In Souffles,
Migrations et diasporas, Les
Cahiers du CICLaS, n° 2 pp.
179-197. ISSN 1637-7060 Paris, France.
(2002) with Yves Kodratoff
du rôle de la progression thématique et de la
texture conceptuelle chez des scientifiques anglophones et francophones
s'exprimant en Anglais" In Asp, La
revue du GERAS, 37-38, 2002,
pp. 59 - 83, 1246-8185 Bordeaux, France. [English
for a list of my conference
to my staff page