After completing an undergraduate degree in European Studies at the University of Portsmouth I gained a Master’s degree in International Journalism at Cardiff University. My dissertation titled Euroscepticism in Britain and Finland: attitudes and print media since accession (2005) looked at the two countries’ different histories and societies leading to different cultures of euroscepticism in a comparative analysis in the pre-Brexit era. My dissertation, that was awarded distinction, sparked my interest in research.
I spent ten years working as a freelance researcher, journalist, writer, and translator in Wales, Finland and Chile before returning to academia in 2015. I am now a PhD candidate at the School of Welsh. My current research focuses on multilingual families’ ideologies and experiences in Finland and Wales.
Honours and awards
I am truly grateful for the PhD funding awarded:
- The Ella and Georg Ehrnrooth Foundation
- City of Helsinki Research Grant
- Funds for women graduates
- The Finnish Literature Society
- The Finnish National Agency for Education
- The Finnish Section of the Nordic Federation of Public Administration
- The Philological Society
- The Society of Swedish Literature in Finland
- Oskar Öflunds Stiftelse
Articles regarding my research project
- The BBC: Byw mewn tair iaith
- Golwg: Magu plant mewn tair iaith yng Nghymru a'r Ffindir
- Cardiff University: Research student set for Finnish adventure
I am currently training to run the next Cardiff Half Marathon to raise money for neuroscience and mental health research.
Multilingualism, trilingualism, bilingualism, sociolinguistics, linguistics, sociology of language, second language acquisition, child trilingualism, early second or third language acquisition, trilingual first language acquisition, attitudes, special needs, autism
Peer-reviewed scientific articles
Pankakoski, K. (2020). A comparative study of trilingual families in Helsinki and Cardiff areas: intergenerational language transmission experiences, influential factors for development of minority languages and children's perspectives. Short Papers in Language and Linguistics, Winter 2020(1), pp.6-7.
Arvola, O., Pankakoski, K., Reunamo J., & Kyttälä, M. (2020). Culturally and linguistically diverse children’s participation and social roles in the Finnish Early Childhood Education - is play the common key? Early Child Development and Care, DOI: 10.1080/03004430.2020.1716744.
Online publications intended for professional communities and the general public
Pankakoski, K. (2021). Multilingual Families' Language Policies. Familia.
Pankakoski, K. (2021). Four reasons to raise a multilingual child. Familia.
Pankakoski, K. (2019). The potential of polyglots. School of Welsh Blog.
Pankakoski, K. (2019). Words of wisdom for new postgraduate researchers: Part one. Doctoral Academy Blog.
Arfon, E., Jepson, E, and Pankakoski, K. (2019). Multilingualism and multi-identities in Wales: a creative approach to research and practice conference blog.
Pankakoski, K. (2017). Trilingual families in bilingual capital cities. The Philological Society Blog.
Articles in other languages
Pankakoski, K. (2021). Monkielisen lapsen aaltoileva kielten kehitys. Perhe maailmalla.
Pankakoski, K. (2020). Lapsiperhearkea kolmella kielellä. Vähäisiä lisiä. Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seuran blogi. ISSN 2341-7285
Pankakoski, K. & Pietikäinen, S. (2020). Kieli kasvaa lasta kuuntelemalla. Perhe maailmalla.
Pankakoski, K. (2019). Potensial pobl amlieithog. Blog Ysgol y Gymraeg.
Engagement, papers and presentations
Presentation: A comparative study of multilingual families in Helsinki and Cardiff: parental language ideologies. XLVII Linguistics Days. 5-7 May 2021. Tampere University, Finland.
Presentation: A cat called Kedi and how to raise a polyglot. Three Minute Thesis. 30 June 2020. Cardiff University Doctoral Academy, Wales.
Organising Multilingualism and multi-identities in Wales: a creative approach to research and practice conference with two doctoral colleagues Elin Arfon and Eira Jepson. Funding awarded by Creative Multilingualism. 6 November, 2019, Cardiff University, Wales.
Poster presentation: A comparative study of trilingual families in Helsinki and Cardiff: intergenerational language transmission methods. Multilingual Awareness and Multilingual Practices conference. 22-24 November 2018. University of Tallinn, Estonia.
Presentation: Trilingual families' language strategies. ESRC Cardiff Festival of Social Science seminar. 9 November 2017. Cardiff University, Wales.
Presentation: Kolmikieliset lapset Helsingissä. 17 August 2017. Department of Modern Languages, Helsinki University, Finland.
For a full list of public engagements and experience, please send me an email.
A comparative study of multilingual families in Finland and Wales: children's perspectives, parents’ ideologies, and intergenerational language transmission experiences
My thesis investigates multilingual children in two bilingual societies' capital city areas, Helsinki and Cardiff.
Semi-structured interviews, observations, and self-administered questionnaires were conducted to answer the following questions:
- What are the children's perceptions of their identity, multilinguality and acquisition of their languages?
- How do parents describe their ideology, identity, and motivations for raising trilingual children?
- What are parents’ self-reported experiences of raising trilingual children and how are these experiences shaped by sociocultural factors in Helsinki and Cardiff?
A cross-cultural, comparative multiple-case study design was used. After transcribing 25.5 hours of multilingual parents’ and children’s interviews, I coded and analysed the data using NVivo software. The reflexive thematic analysis (Braun and Clarke 2006), was chosen to keep a close link to the research questions and relevant literature reviewed in two literature reviews.