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PhD - Microstructures and Deformation Mechanisms of Ballistic Impacts in Stone - School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Cardiff University (2018-Present)

MGeol, BSc Geological Sciences (International) - Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra (2016-2017)

MGeol, BSc Geological Sciences (International) - School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds (2014-2018)


  • Structural Geology
  • Ballistic Damage
  • Microstructural Analysis
  • Heritage Conservation


Research interests

My research focusses on the microstructural damage caused to stone heritage by ballistic impacts. I am interested in the relationship between visible damage and internal damage networks at both the macro- and microscale. I work in collaboration with the 'Heritage in the Crossfire' research group developing field methodology for assessing internal damage based on non-destructive testing.


  • Year 2 Structural Geology
  • Year 1 Pembrokeshire Fieldcourse


Microstructures and Deformation Mechanisms of Ballistic Impacts in Stone

The overall aim of my research is to understand the mechanisms of damage to stone heritage that results from ballistic impacts. Significant cultural heritage throughout the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is at risk of being damaged, whether intentionally or inadvertently, during conflicts. Through a series of experiments, I hope to characterise the damage that is imposed on stone constructions and link this to surface expressions of damage measured using non-destructive techniques. This outcome will inform future remediation and conservation efforts of conflict damaged heritage.

Funding source

Leverhulme Trust


Tom Blenkinsop

Professor Thomas Blenkinsop

Professor in Earth Science