OPT004: Acute Eye Care 1

This module aims to provide postgraduate optometrists with the knowledge and skills to provide a high standard of eye care to patients presenting with acute eye conditions in optometric practice.

This module includes practical training in the use of VOLK lenses for indirect ophthalmoscopy.

This module complements OPT005 and OPT013. It is aligned with PEARS and EHEW service in Wales.

Start dateDurationCreditsPrerequisitesModule tutorsModule code
September 2018

March 2019
23 hours over one academic term10 credits

CET points available
NoneNik Sheen (Leader)

Sasha Macken

Learning objectives

To acquire knowledge and understanding at an advanced level about:

  • Causes and characteristics of retinal detachment and posterior vitreous detachment
  • Causes of other flashes and floaters symptoms
  • The aetiology, risk factors, and signs and symptoms of Dry and Wet ARMD
  • Available treatments and differential diagnosis of treatable and non-treatable AMD
  • Common causes of sudden loss of vision and the associated signs and symptoms
  • Common causes of red eye and the presenting signs and symptoms.

To apply this knowledge to given scenarios and demonstrate how you would:

  • Look for the signs that differentiate an infected and non-infected corneal lesion
  • Ask additional questions to a patient presenting with red eye and interpret the answers.

To analyse a theoretical situation and suggest appropriate management of a patient with respect to:

  • All topics covered by the module.

How the module will be delivered

This module is taught via 6 lectures (PowerPoint with audio), delivered Learning Central, the University's e-learning system, with supporting resources and references supplied. There are also 4 online sessions of guided case-based learning, allowing students to revise and apply their knowledge in a virtual setting.

Syllabus content

  • The causes of flashes and floaters
  • The definitions and aetiology of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and posterior vitreous detachment
  • The presenting signs of a PVD and retinal detachment, where to look and what techniques to use
  • An appropriate management plan for PVD and retinal detachment
  • Definition and aetiology and risk factors of Dry and Wet AMD
  • The presenting symptoms and signs of dry and Wet AMD
  • The differential diagnosis with other eye conditions and between treatable and non-treatable AMD
  • The treatments currently available to patients with AMD
  • The anatomy and defensive capabilities of the cornea
  • The histological difference between an infected ulcer and a non-infected infiltrate
  • Management for infected and non-infected corneal lesions
  • Acceptable practice-based methods of removing superficial foreign bodies
  • The signs and symptoms associated with a sudden loss of vision
  • The management options for the commoner causes of sudden loss of vision
  • Typical signs and symptoms associated with the commoner causes of the red eye
  • The management options for the commoner causes of red eye.

How the module will be assessed

Online examination (30%): There is a MCQ test that will assess comprehension and application across the entire syllabus which students take at the end of the lecture series for final assessment.

Online coursework (30%): There are three case-based presentations to work through – these are key features scenarios, where the learner must work through the case by answering sets of questions.

Visual Recognition and Interpretation of Clinical Signs (VRICS) coursework (30%): VRICS are similar to MCQs but each question is linked to image slides of certain relevant cases.

Skills that will be practised and developed

Academic skills:

  • The interpretation of data
  • Collate information from a number of resources to improve learning.

Subject-specific skills:

  • The enhancement of clinical examination techniques
  • Patient management
  • Appropriate referral pathways.

Generic skills:

  • Time management
  • Working independently
  • Problem solving
  • Communication skills.