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Dr Sara Drake

Dr Sara Drake

Senior Lecturer in Law

School of Law and Politics

Email
drakes@cardiff.ac.uk
Telephone
+44(0)29 2087 4367
Campuses
2.08, Law Building, Museum Avenue, Cardiff, CF10 3AX
Users
Available for postgraduate supervision

Overview

I am a Senior Lecturer in European Union (EU) Law and EU Competition Law at Cardiff School of Law and Politics, Cardiff University. My main areas of research are:

  • The enforcement of EU rights before national courts;
  • The impact of Brexit on individuals' EU rights;
  • The effective enforcement of EU law and policy from an interdisciplinary perspective; 
  • The effective enforcement of EU air passenger rights (Regulation 261/2004).

Biography

I am a graduate in Law with French and have studied at the University of Nantes, France (Erasmus Programme), and Université de Sciences Sociales, Toulouse, France (Maîtrise en droit communautaire et international).  Following completion of my PhD, I taught EU law, EU competition law, and Irish contract law, at the National University of Ireland, Galway, Republic of Ireland, and was appointed Jean Monnet Lecturer in European Public Law in 2001.

I joined Cardiff University in 2003 and am a Senior Lecturer in European Union Law and Competition Law. I was Visiting Lecturer at the University of Nantes, France (2004), and Visiting Fellow at the European University Institute (EUI), Florence, Italy (2006). I was appointed UK (Alternate) Member, European Union's Economic and Social Committee, Brussels, from 2007-2011, and twice re-appointed from 2014-2015, 2015-2020. From 2008-2011, I was Deputy Convenor for the EU and Competition Law Panel of the Society of Legal Scholars. In 2010, I was invited as Visiting Lecturer at the University of Brescia, Italy.  

I am currently joint co-ordinator for the UACES Research Network on the Effective Enforcement of EU Law and Policy and sit on the Editorial Board of the Irish Journal for European Law as joint articles editor.  I am an expert analyst and contributor for the EU Law Live website.  

Professional memberships

Member of the Society of Legal Scholars (SLS)

Member of the Irish Association of Law Teachers (IALT)

Member of the European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR)

Academic positions

2001-2003: Jean Monnet Lecturer in European Public Law, National University of Ireland, Galway, Republic of Ireland.

1999-2001: Temporary Teaching Assistant, National University of Ireland, Galway, Republic of Ireland.

Speaking engagements

  • ‘Delays, cancellations and compensations: why are air passengers still finding it difficult to enforce their EU rights under Regulation 261/2004?, Faculty of Law, Lund University. Invited. (Nov.2019)

  • ‘Delays, cancellations and compensations: why are air passengers still finding it difficult to enforce their EU rights under Regulation 261/2004?, UACES Research Network Workshop, Cardiff University. Invited. (Nov. 2019)

  • ‘Enforcing Citizen’s Rights: Regulation 261/2004’ APRA Roundtable, European Parliament, Brussels. Invited. (April 2019)

  • 'EU Competition Law and Policy’, EU-Exchanges Wales, Cardiff University. Invited.(March 2019)

  • 'Empowering Parliaments and enforcing citizens’ rights in the implementation and application of Union law: case analysis - the transposition and implementation of Regulation 261/2004 on air passenger rights’ European Parliament, Brussels. Invited. (Nov 2018)

  • ‘Legal rights without effective compliance solutions: assessing the effectiveness of the EU Air Passenger Rights Regime’, ECPR REGGOV Biennial Conference, University of Lausanne, Switzerland. (July 2018)

  • ‘Legal rights without effective compliance solutions: assessing the effectiveness of the EU Air Passenger Rights Regime’ First Annual ComplianceNet Conference, University of California, Irvine, USA. (June 2018)

  • 'Rights and Remedies in Wales post-Brexit’, Public Law Project Wales Conference: Access to Justice, Cardiff University. Invited. (April 2017)

  • 'The Role of the Judiciary and Legislation: The Principle of Consistent Interpretation in the UK courts, SLS Annual Conference, Oxford University. (Sept 2016)

  • ‘The Principle of Consistent Interpretation in the UK courts: Enforcing Motor Insurance Directives’, University of Bergen, Norway. Invited. (August 2016)

  • ‘Article 47 of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and its impact on remedies before national courts for breach of EU law’ ESRC Funded Roundtable as part of The UK in a Changing Europe Programme: ‘Human Rights in Transition: Impact for the UK in a Changing Europe’ University of Roehampton. Invited (April 2016)

  • ‘Private Enforcement in the EU post-Lisbon: Greater Alignment of Regulatory Goals and Constitutional Values’, Annual Conference of the Irish Association of Law Teachers (IALT), NUI Galway, Ireland. (Nov 2015)

  • ‘New Modes of Governance in the Private Enforcement of the EU Antitrust Rules’, 22nd Annual Conference of International Europeanists, Sciences Po, Paris. Invited. (July 2015)

Committees and reviewing

Editorial Board, Irish Journal for European Law (Joint Articles Editor)

Expert Analyst and Contributor to EU Law Live

Grant reviewer, Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, Poland National Science Centre

Journal reviewer, Journal of Law and Society, Legal Studies, European Law Review, Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, European Public Law, Irish Journal for European Law, Journal of Air Transport Management

Book proposal reviewer, Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press, Hart Publishing, Routledge

Publications

2020

2019

2018

2016

2010

2006

2005

2004

2003

Teaching

Undergraduate Teaching

Law of the European Union, Module Leader (Year 3)

Postgraduate Teaching

Competition Law, Module Leader

My main areas of research are:

  • The enforcement of EU rights before national courts;
  • The impact of Brexit on individuals' EU rights;
  • The effective enforcement of EU law and policy from an interdisciplinary perspective; 
  • The effective enforcement of EU air passenger rights (Regulation 261/2004).

The enforcement of EU rights before national courts; 

My interest in this area of EU law, which dates back to my PhD, takes the individual as its starting point and focuses on how EU law has been developed to enable individuals to effectively enforced their rights before national courts. This includes researching the constitutional principles developed by the EU's Court of Justice and how they are applied by national courts. My work has been published in leading European law journals  (European Law Review, European Public Law, Irish Journal for European Law), and has been cited in the English Court of Appeal (Marks & Spencer v. Commissioners for Customs & Excise [2004] 1 CMLR 8 (29), Auld LJ).  I am the author of the leading journal article on the principle of indirect effect (or consistent interpretation) which has been in the top 10 downloads from European Law Review via Westlaw since 2012.  As part of a collaborative project led by Professor Christian N.K. Franklin (Bergen, Norway), I was invited to author a study into how the principle of indirect effect (or Marleasing principle) has been applied by the UK courts. This study appears as a chapter in an edited volume entitled, The Effectiveness and Application of EU and EEA Law in National Courts: Principles of Consistent Interpretation (2018, Intersentia).

The impact of the UK's withdrawal on EU rights 

I conduct research into the UK's constitutional disentanglement from the EU and its impact on the ability of individuals to enforce their EU-derived rights post-Brexit. I have presented at the Public Law Project: Wales Conference (2017) on the impact of the EU (WIthdrawal) Act 2018 on EU rights and remedies in Wales post-Brexit. I recently co-authored a case note on one of the first post-Brexit judgments of the Court of Appeal, (Lipton and Anr v. BA City Flyer Ltd, 30th March 2021) with Professor Jo Hunt (forthcoming) with a particular focus on section 29 of the EU (Future Relationship) Act 2020.

Interdisciplinary approaches to the effective enforcement of EU law; 

By research also extends beyond judicial enforcement to other avenues for the effective enforcement of EU rights as explored in a volume I co-edited (with Melanie Smith) entitled, New Directions in the Effective Enforcement of EU Law and Policy (2016, Edward Elgar).  This led to the founding of the UACES Research Network on the Effective Enforcement of EU Law and Policy (2018-2021) which I lead together with Monica Garcia Quesada (LUISS Guido Carli).  The network draws together scholars from multiple disciplines who are engaged in researching the enforcement of EU law and policy from different theoretical and empirical perspectives.  More details about our events, activities and blog posts can be found at www.euenforcement.com  You can follow us on Twitter @euenforcement

The effective enforcement of EU air passenger rights (Regulation 261/2004)

My current work focuses on the effective enforcement of EU air passenger rights under Regulation 261/2004 and will be the topic of a book which will be published by Hart in 2022.  The book builds on my previous work in this field whcih includes a report I authored for the European Parliament on the operation of Regulation 261/2004 (November 2018) which was quoted in the Financial Times. In April 2020, I also published an article which explores why air passengers cannot effectively enforce their EU rights and calls for legislative reform (Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law).

The UK's departure from the EU has led to the relaunch of the legislative process for recasting the Regulation. However, progress is now in doubt due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the aviation sector.  In 2021, I received funding from the Centre for Law and Society for an interdisciplinary collaborative project with researchers from Cardiff Business School on the consumer awareness of legal rights, airline response and avenues to redress for flight cancellations during the COVID-19 pandemic (read more about this project here).

Supervision

I am interested in supervising PhD students in the areas of:

EU law, particularly in the field of remedies and enforcement

The interaction between EU law and domestic law post-Brexit ('EU Relations Law')

Air passenger rights in the EU and UK