The first large-scale study to compare experiences of protracted displacement to explore how living in cities or camps produce different outcomes for refugees' wellbeing, self-reliance and livelihoods.
Bordering Economies aims to unveil the implications and the scope of refugees’ participation in informal cross-border trade between their countries of origin and hosting areas close to the frontier across three continents.
Slums and informal settlements are often vibrant centres of economic activity, with a mesh of small-scale enterprises and home-based work. This report explores their role in participatory slum upgrading.
Access to finance for micro- and informal economy enterprises, is an important stepping stone to securing livelihoods and economic growth, but needs improved regulation and consumer protection, explored through this study.
Street traders in post-revolution Cairo and Tunis faced many challenges. This research examined whether unrest and insecurity made trading more precarious, or whether the uprising brought a new legitimacy to trading.
This project explored the effect of the 2008-09 global recession on exports of garments and small manufactured goods from Guangzhou to street traders in Lomé, Togo, that demonstrated the precarious growth of the China-Africa trade.
This research uses the lens of the urban livelihoods framework to examine how poor people, both street traders and other informal sector operators, access and use public space to support their livelihoods.
These research projects in Guangzhou demonstrate how Chinese and African traders are creating a ‘third tier’ of globalization, through individual entrepreneurship and initiative, creating value chains that are neither producer nor consumer-led.
Informality Research Observatory
From a rights-based perspective, IRO brings together global researchers and practitioners, linked through Cardiff, to develop new knowledge on the urban informal economy.