Professor Ceri Sullivan
I work on early modern religion, trade, bureaucracy, and rhetoric, and have published four monographs (a fifth is forthcoming), two edited collections, six chapters, and c. sixty articles and notes in these areas.
I am the general editor of the English Association's series, Essays and Studies, https://www2.le.ac.uk/offices/english-association/publications/essays-and-studies
Educated at Cardinal Newman Catholic Comprehensive School, Rhydyfelin, and Hertford College, University of Oxford.
First career in the City of London, with KPMG Peat Marwick McLintock, as senior charterted accountant and banking analyst.
Second career in NGOs, as a Finance Director (through V.S.O.) for the Zambian Council for the Handicapped, and with Oxfam Head Office as the senior overseas accountant for Mozambique (with additional field work in the Sudan, Zambia, and the DRC).
Third career in universities: Oxford, the Open University, Bangor, and here in Cardiff, teaching early modern literature and modern political drama.
Fourth career still a possibility! Currently considering becoming a lady butler...
Honours and awards
Fellow of the English Association, the Royal Historical Society, and the Higher Education Academy.
Committees and reviewing
- JISC Historic Books, Advisory Board (2012-)
- English Association, Higher Education Committee (2010-)
European Research Council, expert reviewer for Horizon 2020 applications (2017-2020)
- Senate (2014-)
- Court (2014-)
I have been the module leader on the following, in Cardiff:
- BA: The High Drama of Work in Early Modern Writing
- BA: Modern British Political Drama (covering plays from 1990-2015)
- BA: Elizabethan Shakespeare
- BA: Jacobean Shakespeare
- BA: Texts in Time 1500-1800
- BA: Renaissance Poetry, Prose, and Drama: the Principal Genres, Authors, and Issues
- BA: The Dissertation
- MA: Learning to Lead with Shakespeare (a presentist module, looking at current management theory)
- MA: Talking to God in Metaphysical Verse
Dissertations and theses (BA, MA, and PhD): I would welcome proposals in the area of trade, bureaucracy, religion, or rhetoric. Cardiff University has two principal resources for the early modern period: a digital copy of every book published between 1473 to 1700 (Early English Books Online) and physical copies of such books in SCOLAR, a collection of national significance in the areas of early modern histories and prescriptive manuals on how to do something (especially leadership, education, horticulture, and manners). These groups of texts have not yet been read through for marginalia and other signs of use.
My first monograph dealt with how to persuade oneself in devotion, focusing on Catholic texts (Dismembered Rhetoric: English Recusant Writing 1580-1603). The second considered how a merchant represents himself and reads others' writings (The Rhetoric of Credit: Merchants in Early Modern Writing). The third asked whether, if the conscience is structured as a language, the consequence of the divine I AM is YOU AREN'T (The Rhetoric of the Conscience in Donne, Herbert and Vaughan). The fourth, Literature in the Public Service: Sublime Bureaucracy, reassessed Max Weber's understanding of the individual in the ideal bureaucracy, and the past and current relationship between creativity and bureaucracy. My fifth book (Oxford University Press, 2020) is Shakespeare and the Playscripts of Private Prayer, arguing that private prayers involved scripting and acting an ideal self, and that Shakespeare took advantage of such drama.
In 2019 I am investigating, in the early modern period,
- how employees and employers manage working relations with each other, peers, customers, suppliers, and competitors through specifically literary means
- the emotions aroused by lists
- what typically goes wrong in amateur and professional productions, and why this is reported
- figures who leap up after death to lecture the audience
Literature in the Public Service: Sublime Bureaucracy (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013). Shortlisted for Best Book of 2012 and 2013, European Society for the Study of English.
The Rhetoric of the Conscience in Donne, Herbert, and Vaughan (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008). Reviewed as: ‘intelligent and entertaining’, ‘witty’, ‘keen sense for when the pursuit of piety veers into sardonic comedy’ (Review of English Studies 60.247); ‘extremely interesting, if stomach-churning’, ‘excellent close readings’, ‘subtle, interesting… valuable and welcome’ (MLR 104.3); ‘rich and stimulating, dense but readable’, ‘innovative, sustained, and illuminating rhetorical analyses [of] a vital subject in our intellectual history’ Rhetorica (28); ‘brilliant insights through unusual juxtaposition and deft assimilation’ (Seventeenth Century Journal 25.1); ‘expands our knowledge of theological and tropological connections in early modern devotional texts’, ‘surprising and valuable’ (Year’s Work in English Studies 89); ‘insightful... sharp… probing’ (George Herbert Journal 32.1); ‘engaging intellectual descant… lively energy… wit… conceptual daring’ (Modern Philology 110.2); ‘densely written… impressively compact… playfulness… adventurous wit’ (Notes and Queries 61.3)
The Rhetoric of Credit. Merchants in Early Modern Writing (Madison/London: Associated University Presses, 2002). Reviewed as: ‘incisive and learned’, ‘fascinating’, ‘an important book’ (Journal for Early Modern Cultural Studies 4.2); ‘redresses deficienc[ies]’, ‘historically specific’, ‘disdains previous interpretations’, ‘drives home her point’ (The Historical Journal 49.4); ‘original and complex’, ‘unusually productive combination of professional skills’, ‘testing but welcome factual ballast to usual critical tendencies’ (Notes and Queries 3/2004); ‘succinct, informed… fresh’, ‘learned… and important’ (Renaissance Forum 7); ‘double expertise’, ‘fascinating’, ‘provocative and very important’ (Business History 46.1); ‘welcome corrective’, densely detailed’ (Review of English Studies 55); ‘palpable irritation [which]… is engaging, not off-putting, inspiring, not reactionary’ (Sixteenth-century Journal 34.3)
Dismembered Rhetoric. English Recusant Writing 1580‑1603 (Madison/London: Associated University Presses, 1995). Reviewed as: ‘timely… controversial… strong’, ‘intriguing and compelling’, ‘subtle, learned, and interesting’ (MLR 93.1); ‘fascinating’ (Shakespeare Quarterly ); ‘wonderful’, ‘should be received warmly and enthusiastically’, ‘densely argued’ , ‘rock solid and satisfying’ (Sixteenth-century Journal 27.2); ‘bring[s] sub-cultures into dialogue… interesting patterns’ (Studies in English Literature 36.1).
Authors at Work: the Creative Environment (English Association, Essays and Studies), intro, and co-ed. with Graeme Harper (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2009). Reviewed as: ‘deliciously voyeuristic’ (Guardian 15/8/09); ‘rewards curiosity’ (TLS 26/6/09)
Writing and Fantasy , co‑ed. with Barbara White (London: Longman, 1999). Reviewed as: ‘theoretically sophisticated’, ‘sureness of touch’, ‘impresses’ (Gothic Studies ); ‘outstanding in its range and breadth’; ‘far-reaching and important… fresh and interesting’, ‘none of the usual archetype-hunting and no facile claims’ (Journal of the Fantastic)
- 2017 - £2,940 British Academy-Leverhulme Trust Small Research Grant
- 2016 - £40,190 Leverhulme Trust Research Fellowship
- 2008 - £58,664 AHRC Knowledge Transfer Catalyst
- 2008 - £4,176 British Academy small research grant
- 2007 - £5,143 English Subject Centre grant
- 2006 - £520,000 HEFCW Collaboration and Reconfiguration fund
- 2006 - £2,000 USA Folger Library Fellowship (USA)
- 2005 - £1,800 British Academy small research grant
- 2004 - £4,500 English Subject Centre grant
- 2004 - £2,200 British Academy block grant for ISHR participants (USA)
- 2003 - £13,000 Arts and Humanities Research Board study leave
- 2003 - £2,000 British Academy/Huntington Library fellowship (USA)
- 2003 - £450 British Academy small research grant
- 2000 - £10,000 Arts and Humanities Research Board study leave
- 1997-9 - £6,000 federal UW collaboration fund
- 1997 - £25,000 federal UW equipment fund
- 1997-9 - £1,000 Society for Renaissance Studies
- 1993-5 - £12,000 British Academy postgraduate award
Non-stipendiary visiting fellowships at CRASSH (Cambridge), St. Catherine’s College (Oxford), and Corpus Christi College, (Oxford).
I am interested in supervising work in the following areas:
- early modern poetry, prose, and drama
- early modern rhetoric
- the representation of religion (all periods)
- the representation of trade (all periods)
From 2018, I will be working on a fresh project: Metaphors at Work in Early Modern England. I am actively seeking to recruit MA and PhD students interested in exploring this area. I want to gather together a an inter-disciplinary and cross-career group to work on a history of working metaphors, and a contemporary study of how these metaphors facilitate or block progress. There is a large and unsatisfied demand for research by doctoral students into the impact of historical literature on contemporary life.
Cardiff University has two outstanding resources in this area. Early English Books Online has a digital copy of every book published between 1473 to 1700. Special Collections (SCOLAR) has collections of national significance in physical copies of early modern histories and prescriptive manuals on how to do something (especially leadership, education, horticulture, and manners). These have not yet been read through by any researcher, for marginalia and other signs of use. I would welcome expressions of interest, at any level, in this project.
The project will investigate how employees and employers manage working relations with each other, peers, customers, suppliers, and competitors, through specifically literary means.
- There are many studies about how workers using symbols are dramatized, in plays about lawyers, administrators, courtiers, and so on, and similarly about those providing personal services (hosts, waiting men and women, whores), though fewer into trades people dealing with physical items (from apothecaries to vintners). By contrast, there has been almost no investigation into how literary modes (specifically, the forms and content of genres and tropes, and characteristic official registers) create a working environment. In other words, research so far has mainly been into early modern representations of work, not representations by or in work.
- Yet modern management theory is convinced that business is a form of theatre. It points to a cast assembled to act in professional or vocational roles, from both outside and inside the organisation. It examines silos in which information, and managerial or employee attitudes to that information, is conveyed through metaphors or turns of speech. It separates functional and dysfunctional genres by which people try to make sense of their work, some seeing themselves as working heroically in an epic, others as malcontents in a revenge tragedy.
- Theatre companies themselves now sell management training, not merely in actorly skills such as ‘presence’ or ‘projection’, but also in acting out the emotional dynamics in with a logic of conflict: Richard Olivier’s training company Mythodrama, for instance, takes senior management teams from the FTSE 100 through situations in Shakespeare’s plays tapping ‘into the fundamentals of what it means to be a leader: inspiring others, wise decision-making and behaving with conviction and integrity’.
- This project has a political dimension, in bringing together historical and current business theory and sources materials produced by the occupations, under the aegis of the emerging field of theories of ‘vernacular’ or everyday creativity. Post-Romantic commentators, enchanted by official inspirers, have tended to ignore or denigrate such everyday creativity, and the faculty has been seized for an elite few. But, to cite Raymond Williams, ‘culture is ordinary’; as Michel de Certeau argues, even banal situations can exhibit a resistant, alternative micro-politics, in which individuals claim autonomy. My project will try to show how reconceiving of creativity as a quality of ordinary people – shown in the way they produce extraordinary things in common places - makes work more clearly and specifically creative. Literature is not ethically superior to prescriptive management theory, but it is often more methodologically productive.