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Dr Orestis Palermos

Dr Orestis Palermos

Senior Lecturer

School of English, Communication and Philosophy

+44 (0)29 2087 0418
1.44, John Percival Building, Colum Drive, Cardiff, CF10 3EU
Available for postgraduate supervision


I work at the intersection of philosophy of mind and cognitive science, epistemology, philosophy of science and philosophy of technology. I think of my work as a type of 'philosophical engineering', aimed at using philosophy to impact the design of emerging technologies and socio-technical systems.

I joined Cardiff University as a Lecturer in 2017. Prior to that, I was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Edinburgh. My PhD and MSc in Philosophy are also from the University of Edinburgh, where I was supervised by Duncan Pritchard, Andy Clark and Mark Sprevak. I also hold a BSc and MSc in Chemical Engineering from the National Technical University of Athens.

To find out more about my research and projects, you can visit my personal website.


  • 2021 - present: Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, Cardiff University
  • 2017 - 2021: Lecturer in Philosophy, Cardiff University
  • 2016 - 2017: Postdoctoral fellow for the Philosophy, Science and Religion Online Project, Eidyn Centre, University of Edinburgh.
  • 2013 - 2015: Postdoctoral fellow for the Extended Knowledge Project, Eidyn Centre, University of Edinburgh.
  • 2009 - 2012: PhD in Philosophy, University of Edinburgh.
  • 2008 - 2009: MSc in Philosophy, University of Edinburgh.
  • 2002 - 2008: BSc & MSc in Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens.
  • 1998 - 2006: Diploma in Classical Piano, Musical Horizons Conservatory, Athens, Greece.













Past and Present Modules:

Artificial Intelligence (PG)

Advanced Topics in Epistemology (PG)

Philosophy of Science (UG)

Moral and Political Philosophy (UG)

Cognition and Technology (UG)

Philosophy Through Great Texts (UG)


I welcome PhD proposals on philosophy of mind and cognitive science, epistemology and philosophy of technology.


Edited Books

2018. Socially Extended Epistemology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. With J. A. Carter, A. Clark, J. Kallestrup, and D. Pritchard.​

2018 Extended Epistemology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. With J. A. Carter, A. Clark, J. Kallestrup, and D. Pritchard.


Journal Articles

Forthcoming. System Reliabilism and Basic Beliefs: Defeasible, Undefeated and Likely to Be True. Synthese. (PDF)

Forthcoming. The Teacher Bandwidth Problem: MOOCs, Connectivism and Collaborative Knowledge. Educational Theory. With Ben Kotzee.

​Forthcoming. Epistemic Collaborations: Distributed Cognition and Virtue Reliabilism. Erkenntnis. (PDF)

2018. Epistemic Presentism. Philosophical Psychology. 31(3), 458-478. (PDF) (DOI)

2017. Social Machines: A Philosophical Engineering. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences. 16(5), 953–978 (PDF) (DOI)

2017. Semantic Inferentialism as (a Form of) Active Externalism. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences. 16(3): 387 - 402. With Adam Carter and Jamie Collin. (PDF) (DOI)

2016. Is Having Your Computer Compromised a Personal Assault? The Ethics of Extended Cognition. The Journal of the American Philosophical Association. 2 (4) 542-560. With Adam Carter. (PDF)

2016. Epistemic Internalism, Content Externalism and the Subjective/Objective Justification Distinction. American Philosophical Quarterly. 53 (3):231-244. With Adam Carter. (PDF).

2016. The Dynamics of Group Cognition. Minds and Machines. 26(4), 409-440. (PDF) (DOI).

2016. Spreading the Credit: Virtue Reliabilism and Weak Epistemic Anti-Individualism. Erkenntnis. 81(2): 305-334. (PDF) (DOI)

2015. Active Externalism, Virtue Reliabilism and Scientific Knowledge. Synthese. 192: 2955. (PDF) (DOI)

2015. Could Reliability Naturally Imply Safety?, European Journal of Philosophy. 23 (4): 1192–1208. (PDF) (DOI)

2015. Active Externalism and Epistemic Internalism. Erkenntnis. 80 (4): 753–772. With Adam Carter. (PDF) (DOI)

2015. Extended Emotion. Philosophical Psychology. 29 (2): 198-217. With Emma Gordon and Adam Carter.  (PDF) (DOI)

2014. Knowledge and Cognitive Integration. Synthese. 191(8): 1931-1951. (PDF) (DOI)

​2014. Varieties of Externalism. Philosophical Issues, 24(1), 63-109. With Adam Carter, Jesper Kallestrup and Duncan Pritchard. (PDF) (DOI)

2014. Loops, Constitution, and Cognitive Extension. Cognitive Systems Research. 27: 25-41. (PDF) (DOI)

2013. Extended Knowledge and Social Epistemology. Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective. 2 (8): 105-120. With Duncan Pritchard. (PDF) (DOI)

​2011. Belief-Forming Processes, Extended. Review of Philosophy and Psychology, 2 (4): 741-765. (PDF) (DOI)

​2011. Dualism in the Epistemology of Testimony and the Ability Intuition, Philosophia, Vol. 39 (3): 597-613. (PDF) (DOI)

Book Chapters

Forthcoming. Bees Do It; Distributed Cognition and Psychophysical Laws. In Handbook for Distributed Team Cognition. McNeese, M., Salas, E., and Endsley, M. (eds.). CRC Taylor and Francis). (PDF)

2018. Group Know-How. In Socially Extended Epistemology. J. Adam Carter, Andy Clark, Jesper Kallestrup, S. Orestis Palermos and Duncan Pritchard (eds.). Oxford University Press. With Deborah Tollefsen. (PDF)

​2018. New Humans: Ethics, Trust and the Extended Mind. In Extended Epistemology. J. Adam Carter, Andy Clark, Jesper Kallestrup, S. Orestis Palermos and Duncan Pritchard (eds.). Oxford University Press. With Andy Clark and Adam Carter. (PDF)

​2017. Augmented Skepticism: The Epistemological Design of Augmented Reality. In Augmented Reality. Reflections on its Contribution to Knowledge Formation, José  María Ariso (ed), 2017, De Gruyter (series: Berlin Studies in Knowledge Research), Berlin & New York. (PDF)

​2016. The Distribution of Epistemic Agency. In Social Epistemology and Epistemic Agency: De-Centralizing Epistemic Agency. (ed.) P. Reider, (Rowman & Littlefield). With Duncan Pritchard. (PDF)

Edited Journal Issues

Forthcoming. Varieties of Externalism: Epistemic, Content, Vehicle. Special issue of American Philosophical Quarterly.  With J. A. Carter, J. Kallestrup, and D. Pritchard)

Forthcoming. Knowledge, Virtue and Action: Eastern and Western Perspectives. Special issue of Synthese. With J. A. Carter, C. M, & D. Pritchard.

2014. Extended Knowledge. Special issue of Philosophical Issues, Vol. 24 (1): 1-482. With J. A. Carter, J. Kallestrup, D. Pritchard (DOI)

Reference Articles

2015. Active Externalism and Epistemology. Oxford Bibliographies Online. With J. A. Carter (PDF)|(DOI)

General Audience Articles

2015. To Google, or not to Google, During Exams. In Education Technology. With D. Pritchard


I am happy to consider proposals in any of the following areas:

  • Epistemoogy
  • Philosophy of Mind and Cognitive Science
  • Philosophy of Science
  • Philosophy of Technology
  • Ethics of Technology

Past projects


  • 2019 - 2021: Paul Irikefe | Dissertation Title: Philosophy Without Intuitive Justification: A Virtue-Theoretic Account of Epistemology
  • 2017 - 2021 - Hadeel Naeem | Dissertation Title: Is a Subpersonal Epistemology Possible? Status: Complete (PhD Awarded)


  • 2020 - 2021: The Moral Status of Artificial General Intelligence | Mark: Distinction (75%)
  • 2019 - 2020: Should Humans Use Technology to Cognitively Enhance? | Mark: Distinction (75%)