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Dr Bethany Keenan

Dr Bethany Keenan

Research Fellow

School of Engineering

+44 (0)29 2068 7650
Room S4.03, Queen's Buildings - South Building, 5 The Parade, Newport Road, Cardiff, CF24 3AA


Dr Bethany Keenan is a Chartered Engineer and a Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE). She works with clinical and industry collaborators, and researchers from other Schools around the University (Biosciences, Computer Science, Medicine, Mathematics, Pharmacy, Psychology and Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre) to gain experience in multi-disciplinary fields.

Bethany's research interests focus on medical imaging and soft tissue mechanics. Her current work aims to better understand the biomechanical behaviour of soft tissues in order to improve pressure ulcer treatment and prevention. She has developed novel MRI techniques to clearly identify the anatomical geometry of the face, brain, lower leg and foot. These MRI scans are then used to create 3D subject-specific finite element (FE) models which can be used to investigate the internal strains in the tissues in an unloaded and deformed state. This research is part of an ongoing project that will lead to guidelines and/or a test method that can determine which products are effective in preventing presure ulcers. This will potentially aid clinicians and carers to ensure that patients receive the best possible care.

Dr Keenan is also an MR Operator at CUBRIC, a STEM Ambassador, and a Dignity and Wellbeing Contact at Cardiff University.


Dr Keenan completed an undergraduate degree in Medical Engineering at Cardiff University in 2011. She then moved to Brisbane, Australia to read a PhD in Medical Imaging and Biomechanical Analysis of Scoliosis Progression in the Growing Adolescent Spine at Queensland University of Technology in May 2015. Her research project involved a ten month internship at Laboratoire de Biomécanique, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, France and entailed investigating the mechanics of the progressive scoliotic spine during the adolescent growth phase.

Honours and awards

2019 - Cardiff University Future Innovation Leader Award

2019 - The Worshipful Livery Company of Wales (WLCoW) Travel Award

2018 - European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel & 3M Pressure Ulcer and IAD Innovation Award

2015 - Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders ‘Most Influential Articles of 2015’ for the paper entitled ‘Gravity-Induced Coronal Plane Joint Moments in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis’

Grants and Scholarships

2021 - Visiting Professorship, École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers, France

2021 - 2022 - UK Research and Innovation Council / Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (UKRI/EPSRC) grant of £440k for ''A BioEngineering approach for the SAFE design and fitting of Respiratory Protective Equipment (BE-SAFE RPE)'' (Named Research Fellow).

2020 - 2022 - European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel Research Project Collaboration Funding (École nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers, France and Université Grenoble Alpes).

2020 - 2021 - Cardiff Institute for Tissue Engineering and Repair Research Travel Bursary (École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers, France).

2019 - 2020 - European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel Exchange Scholarship (Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands).

2019 - 2020 - National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Technology Grant of £126k for ''The SAFEST Review: The Shock-Absorbing Flooring Effectiveness SysTematic Review including older adults and staff in care settings'' (Co-Investigator, Reviewer and Advisory Board member).

2019 - EPSRC and CCPi Tomographic Imaging Attendee Grant for 'Image-Based Finite Element Method for Industry (IBFEM-4i)', Zienkiewicz Centre for Computational Engineering, Wales, UK.

2018 - Newton Fund and Researcher Links 'Embracing new design technologies: enabling equitable access to health', Central University of Technology, South Africa.

2017 - Image-Based Biomedical Modelling Fellowship, University of Utah, USA.

2017 - Attendee Grant for 'Material Parameter Identification and Inverse Problems in Soft Tissue Biomechanics', International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Italy

2011 - Queensland University of Technology Supervisor Scholarship - a 3 year PhD project at QUT as part of the Florence Wilson Bequest, Brisbane.

Professional memberships

  • Chartered Engineer (Engineering Council UK)
  • Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE)
  • Member of the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (EPUAP)
  • Member of The International Skin Tear Advisory Panel (ISTAP)
  • Member of Cardiff Institute of Tissue Engineering and Repair (CITER)

Academic positions

2019 - Present: Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Cardiff University

2016 - 2019: Postdoctoral Research Associate, Cardiff University

February - September 2015: Clinical Research Associate with the Biomechanics and Spine Research Group, QUT and Queensland Children's Hospital, Australia

Speaking engagements


  • Institut de Biomécanique Humaine Georges Charpak, École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers, France – BME Paris 'Open Your Mind' Seminar (Invited Speaker)
  • Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering (CMBBE) and the 5th on Imaging and Visualisation, Virtual (Session Chair and Speaker)


  • Image Based Simulation for Industry (IBSim-4i), Special Session Speaker, Virtual


  • 21st Annual Meeting of the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel and Société Francaise de l'Escarre, France
  • Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering (CMBBE) and the 4th Conference on Imaging and Visualisation, Columbia University in the city of New York, USA –  (Invited Speaker)
  • Centre Ingénièrie et Santé, École des Mines de Saint-Étienne, France – Campus Santé Innovations Seminar (Invited Speaker)


  • 20th Annual Meeting of the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel, Italy
  • World Congress of Biomechanics, Ireland


  • XXV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, Scotland
  • Asia Pacific Conference of Biomechanics, Japan
  • Annual Scientific Meeting of the Spine Society of Australia, Australia


  • École Nationale Supérieure des Mines, St Etienne, France – Conférence IFRESIS Seminar (Invited Speaker)
  • Laboratoire de Biomécanique Arts et Métiers, ParisTech, Paris, France (Invited Speaker)
  • World Congress of Biomechanics, USA
  • International Research Society of Spinal Deformities, Japan
  • Annual Scientific Meeting of the Spine Society of Australia, Australia


  • International Conference on Biomedical Engineering, IFMBE and Biomedical Engineering Society, Singapore
  • Asia Pacific Conference of Biomechanics, Korea
  • Adelaide Centre for Spine Research (ACSR), Symposium XI, Australia
  • Annual Scientific Meeting of the Spine Society of Australia, Australia

Committees and reviewing

  • External Reviewer (PhD) on Comité de suivi individuel de thèse at the Université Grenoble Alpes, France
  • External Examiner (Research Degrees) at Queensland University of Technology, Australia
  • Journal Reviewer, Journal of Tissue Viability
  • Image-Based Simulation for Industry (IBSim-4i) Scientific Committee
  • University of Portsmouth Ageing Network
  • School of Engineering Athena Swan Network

Medical imaging and clinical training

  • MR Operator
  • CPR/AED and MR Safety
  • DXA Operator
  • IR(ME)R Theory
  • Mental Health First Aid
  • I-Act 











Engineering Analysis - Maths tutorial lecturer for 1st Year students.

2018 - Present
Principal Supervisor for 3rd Year Erasmus students, Institut supérieur d'ingénieurs de Franche-Comté (ISIF), Besancon, France.

2017 - Present
Co-supervisor for 4th Year MEng students (Ergonomics) and MSc Orthopaedic engineering projects, Cardiff University.

2017 - Present
Co-supervisor for 3rd Year Undergraduate engineering projects.

2016 - Present
Guest lecturer in Biomechanics for 2nd and 3rd Year Medical Engineering students.

Research theme: Biomedical Engineering

Current collaborative projects include:

  • MRI-based 3D computational modelling of different face shapes to improve fit testing of RPE masks (University of Southampton, NHS, NPoCC and Hybrisan)
  • MRI-based 3D computational modelling of heel pressure ulcers to improve prevention and treatment of ulcers (TU/e, Netherlands and the Welsh Wound Innovation Centre)
    • Identification of damage criteria in pressure ulcers using the virtual fields method (Mines Saint-Étienne, France)
      • Investigating the influence of obesity on soft tissue strain response to sitting loads (Flinders University, Adelaide)
      • Clinical relevance of a simplified framework for generating in silico models from freehand ultrasound for monitoring internal tissue strains for the prevention of pressure ulcers: US-based Finite Element models versus MRI-based Finite Element models (École nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers, France)


      Dr Keenan's research focuses on areas including:

      • Medical imaging
      • Biomechanics
      • Injury prevention
      • FE modelling
      • Soft tissue mechanics
      • Fall prevention in the elderly
      • Pressure ulcer formation and prevention

      Please contact her using the above details should your interests lie within these areas.