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Dr Georgina Santos

Dr Georgina Santos

Senior Lecturer

School of Geography and Planning

+44 (0)29 2087 4462
Room 2.95, Glamorgan Building, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff, CF10 3WA
Media commentator
Available for postgraduate supervision


Georgina Santos is an economist interested in environmental and transport economics and public policy. She has conducted research on environmental taxes for air and road transport and on delays at airports and traffic congestion on roads, and more recently, on shared mobility.

Georgina holds a first degree in Economics from Universidad Nacional del Sur (Argentina), an MSc in Environmental and Resource Economics from University College London and a PhD in Economics from Cambridge University. After completing her PhD, Georgina held a British Academy Post-Doctoral Fellowship in the Faculty of Economics at Cambridge University, jointly with a Junior Research Fellowship in Wolfson College. This was followed by a Departmental Lectureship at the Transport Studies Unit, in the School of Geography and the Environment at Oxford University. Georgina was also one of the first six fellows at the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment at Oxford University, before she moved to Cardiff University. Georgina’s research has been funded by the European Commission, the European Regional Development Fund, the British Academy, Shell, the ESRC, the EPSRC, and the then UK Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions.

She has taught undergraduate and graduate students at Cambridge, Oxford and Cardiff, and supervised tens of dissertations at all levels. The courses she has taught in the past or currently teaches include transport, environmental and development economics with a focus on public policy, and research methods, both quantitative and qualitative. At Cardiff she was nominated for the ‘Enriching Student Life Award’ in 2014-15, 2015-16, 2016-17 and 2018-19.

Georgina was the Editor-in-Chief of Research in Transportation Economics from January 2013 to December 2018. She is currently a member of the Editorial Boards of Transportation Research Part A, Research in Transportation Economics, Transport Policy and Sustainability. She is also on the Advisory Board of the International Encyclopedia of Transportation and a member of the Scientific Committee of the WCTR, where she co-chairs the Special Interest Group on Pricing and Regulation. She was also a member of the Congestion Pricing Committee (2005 to 2016), and of the Transportation Economics Committee (2005 to 2013) of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academies in the US.

She has also reviewed grant applications for the ESRC, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, the Mountain-Plains Consortium in the US and the World Bank. She also regularly acts as a reviewer for academic journals, including Urban Studies, Transportation, Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, International Journal of Transport Management, Transport Policy, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Transport Reviews, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, International Tax and Public Finance, Economic Journal, Ecological Economics, International Journal of Transport Economics, International Journal of Sustainable Transportation and Atmospheric Environment.

Google Scholar Citations



  • PhD in Economics, Downing College, University of Cambridge
  • Master of Science in Environmental and Resource Economics, University College London
  • Licenciate in Economics, Universidad Nacional del Sur, Argentina


  • School of Geography and Planning, Cardiff University, Senior Lecturer, August '15 - present
  • School of Geography and Planning, Cardiff University, University Lecturer, July '10 to July '15
  • Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment and Transport Studies Unit, University of Oxford, Research Fellow, October '08 to June '10
  • School of Geography and the Environment and Transport Studies Unit, University of Oxford, Departmental Lecturer, September '04 to June '10
  • Department of Applied Economics, University of Cambridge, British Academy Post-Doctoral Fellow, held together with a Junior Research Fellowship at Wolfson College, September '01 to August '04
  • Newnham College, University of Cambridge, College Lecturer, October '01 to June '02
  • Department of Applied Economics, University of Cambridge, Research Assistant, October '97 to August '01
  • Department of Economics, University of Southampton, Research Assistant, October '96 to December '96

External Activity











  • Verhoef, E. and Santos, G. 2011. Road congestion pricing. In: De Palma, A. et al. eds. Handbook of Transport Economics. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 561-585.










Group Membership and Centre Affiliation

  • Member of Spatial Analysis Research Group
  • Associate member of Sustainable Places Research Institute, Cardiff University

Interests / Areas of Expertise

Georgina is interested in environmental and transport economics and policy. She has conducted research on the internalisation of transport externalities, with a focus on air pollution, climate change, and traffic congestion; low carbon vehicle/fuel technologies and consumers' choice and modal split. More recently she has become interested in development economics and gender studies, with a focus on gender and academic progression.


  • Member of the Ethics Committee
  • Erasmus and International Exchange Coordinator


Sustainable transport

Shared mobility

Transport and development

Transport policy

Sustainable cities