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Dr Roxanna Dehaghani

Dr Roxanna Dehaghani

Senior Lecturer in Law

School of Law and Politics

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Media commentator
Users
Available for postgraduate supervision

Overview

Roxanna joined Cardiff in 2017 as a Lecturer after spending time at the Universities of Leicester (2014-17) and Birmingham (2015-16). Prior to entering academia, She worked at Herbert Smith Freehills LLP and Citizen’s Advice. Roxanna has been a Visiting Scholar at Queen's University Belfast (2016), Emory University, Atlanta, GA (2018), and KU-Leuven (2019).

Roxanna is principally interested in the position of the accused in the criminal process. She is particularly interested in procedural safeguards for the accused, including how these safeguards are interpreted, implemented, and/or ignored. Her specific expertise relates to vulnerable suspects and the appropriate adult safeguard, and the accused and access to legal advice and representation. She is also interested in interactions between legal actors in the criminal process, both within and outside of Wales and England. Roxanna draws upon a diverse range of theoretical and empirical perspectives within her work, particularly Fineman's vulnerability theory.

Roxanna's more recent research has taken an explicit focus on Wales, both her research on child and adult safeguarding with colleagues in the School of Social Sciences (funded by the National Independent Safeguarding Board Wales via Welsh Government) and on access to criminal justice with Newman of Cardiff School of Law and Politics (funded by the British Academy). Her paper on adult safeguarding in Wales, published in the Journal of Adult Protection, was awarded the Emerald Literati 'Outstanding Paper' award in 2020. She has published numerous articles on the topic of vulnerability in the criminal process; in 2019, she published her first monograph on vulnerablity in police custody and she will soon publish a second monograph with Newman on criminal justice in Wales. She is also lead editor of the forthcoming edited collection 'The Vulnerable Accused' (with Dr Sam Fairclough (Birmingham) and Ms Lore Mergaerts (KU-Leuven)).

Roxanna's work sits in dialogue with policy and practice, and her work with the Home Office and the National Appropriate Adult Network has culiminated in an Impact Case Study for REF2021. She also works with the Independent Custody Visiting Association, including informing their 'Appropriate Adult Briefing' and training Independent Custody Visitors and Scheme Managers on the use of the appropriate adult safeguard (funded by an ESRC Impact Accelerator grant). 

Roxanna was previously a Board Member of the Socio-Legal Studies Association (2018-21) and served as a Member of the Seminar Committee, Publisher Liaison, and Chair of the Ethics Working Group. For the British Society of Criminology, Roxanna is Co-convenor of the Wales branch and Co-Chair of the Vulnerability Research Network . In 2020, Roxanna established an international work-in-progress group entitled 'The Vulnerable Accused'.

Roxanna is Deputy Director of the Centre for Crime, Law and Justice, an Academic Fellow at the Crime and Security Research Institute, and a Member of the Wales Governance Centre, the Centre for Health and Social Care Law, and the Centre for Human Rights and Public Law (all at Cardiff University). Upon invitation, Roxanna recently became an Associate Member of the Criminal Justice Research Centre at the University of Nottingham. She is also Global Affiliate of the Vulnerability and Human Condition Initiative at Emory University, Atlanta, USA.

In 2020/21, Roxanna will be module co-leader of Criminal Law. She was previously module co-leader of Crime, Law and Society (2018/19 and 2019/20). In addition to teaching Criminal Law, Roxanna also currently teaches Miscarriages of Justice, supervises LLB and LLM dissertations, and supervises PhD projects. Roxanna is willing to supervise at undergraduate and postgraduate levels (PGT and PGR) within her areas of expertise. 

Roxanna can be found on twitter on @roxanna_law

Biography

Education

  • 2014-18 - Ph.D. in Law - Leicester Law School, University of Leicester
  • 2011-12 - L.L.M., Forensics, Criminology & Administration of Justice, cum laude - Faculty of Law, Maastricht University
  • 2007-10 - L.L.B. (Hons.), Law, Second Class, First Division - School of Law, Queen’s University Belfast

Honours and awards

  • Thematic Review of APRs - National Independent Safeguarding Board Wales (CO-I with Rees (PI), Swann, and Slater) (£24,991)
  • European Research Council - RECEDE: Regulating Criminal Justice Detention (CO-I) with Tomczak (PI) - (€1.3 million) (2020-)
  • Equality and Human Rights Commission – ‘Conditions of Detention in Wales’ (£1500 with R.D. Jones and L. Series) (2019/20)
  • ESRC Impact Acceleration Account (£4000 for training event for ICV Scheme Managers/ICVs on the appropriate adult safeguard (2019/20))
  • Thematic Review of CPRs - National Independent Safeguarding Board Wales (CO-I with Rees (PI), Swann, Slater, and Robinson (CO-I)) (£26,000)
  • Cardiff University Research Opportunities Placement (CUROP) – funding for project ‘The experiences of the suspect and defendant in the criminal process’ (£2100 awarded to fund undergraduate research assistance with Dr Dan Newman (PI))
  • British Academy Small Research Grant – ‘Suspect and Defendant Experiences of the Criminal Process’ (£8543 awarded; PI, with Dr Dan Newman (CO-I))
  • Thematic Review of DHRs and APRs - National Independent Safeguarding Board Wales (CO-I with Prof Amanda Robinson (PI) and Dr Alyson Rees (CO-I)) (£20,000)
  • REF-Research Impact Development Fund – University of Leicester (£3623.60)
  • Graduate Teaching Assistantship (Fully funded PhD) – University of Leicester (£57,204)
  • Postgraduate Bursaries – British Society of Criminology 2016; 10th North-South Irish Criminology Conference 2016; Socio-Legal Studies Association 2016
  • Postgraduate Development Fund – College of Social Sciences, Arts and Humanities, University of Leicester, 2016 (£500); College of Arts, Humanities and Law, University of Leicester, 2016 (£500)
  • Top 3% Scholarship – Faculty of Law, Maastricht University, 2012 (Full tuition fee for L.L.M.)

Professional memberships

  • Founder and Organiser - Work in Progress - The Vulnerable Accused (05/2020-)
  • Co-convenor - Wales Branch, British Society of Criminology (02/2019-)
  • Co-Chair and Founder - Vulnerability Research Network, British Society of Criminology (12/2019-)
  • Board Member of the Socio-Legal Studies Association (04/2018-04/2021)
  • Publisher Liaison - SLSA (05/2019-04/2021)
  • Seminar Committee Member - SLSA (05/2019-04/2021)
  • Ethics Working Group Member - SLSA (05/2019-04/2021)
  • Global Affiliate - Vulnerability and the Human Condition Initiative (06/2018-)
  • Associate Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (2017-)
  • National Appropriate Adult Network – Academic lead on National Standards (05/2017-03/2018); Research dissemination co-ordinator (05/2017-09/2019)
  • Resources co-co-ordinator - The Advocate's Gateway (05/2018-09/2019)
  • Home Office Working Group on Vulnerable Adults (11/2016-11/2017)
  • British Society of Criminology Postgraduate Committee – Events Manager (07/2016-07/2017)
  • Member of Criminal Justice Research Centre (Nottingham)
  • Member of the British Society of Criminology
  • Member of the European Group for the Study of Deviance and Social Control
  • Member of the Socio-Legal Studies Association
  • Member of the Early Career Academic Network – Howard League for Penal Reform

Academic positions

  • 2017-20 - Lecturer in Law - Cardiff University
  • 2019 - Visiting Scholar - KU-Leuven
  • 2018 - Visiting Scholar - Vulnerability and the Human Condition Initiative, Emory University
  • 2016-17 - Lecturer in Law - University of Leicester
  • 2014-16 - Graduate Teaching Assistant - University of Leicester
  • 2016 - Visiting Scholar - Queen's University Belfast
  • 2015-16 - Teaching Associate - University of Birmingham

Speaking engagements

  • ‘Conceptualising vulnerability’ – Faculty of Law, Maastricht University (Maastricht, 2021 (forthcoming))
  • ‘Vulnerability and criminal justice practitioners’ – Workshop on Vulnerability and the Organisation of Academic Labour (Nottingham, 2019)
  • ‘Vulnerability in police custody: police decision-making and the appropriate adult safeguard’ – Centre for Crime, Law and Justice (Cardiff, 2019)
  • ‘Vulnerability in police custody: the English and Welsh perspective’ – Faculty of Law, Maastricht University (Maastricht, 2019)
  • ‘The Experiences of criminal justice in Wales’ – Criminal Law, Criminal Justice and Criminology, Leicester Law School (Leicester, 2019)
  • ‘The experiences of criminal justice in south Wales’ – LSA (Washington, 2019); ESC (Ghent, 2019)
  • ‘European perspectives on vulnerability in criminal proceedings: vulnerability in England and Wales’ – ESC (Ghent, 2019)
  • ‘The experiences of criminal justice in Wales’ – LSA (Washington, 2019)
  • ‘Vulnerability and access to justice: lawyers and legal aid in south Wales’ – SLSA (Leeds, 2019)
  • ‘Experiences of Criminal Justice in South Wales’ – SLSA (Leeds, 2019)
  • ‘Vulnerability and the Subjects and Objects of Law’ (Roundtable discussion) – LSA (Washington, 2019)
    ‘Housing and the responses to domestic violence: a review of Domestic Homicide Reviews’ – Making a Stand Cymru (Cardiff, 2019)
  • ‘Conceptualising vulnerability in police custody’ – Criminal Justice Research Centre (Nottingham, 2019)
  • ‘Young People and Police Custody’ – School of Social Sciences, Education and Social Work, QUB (Belfast, 2019)
  • ‘Roundtable – Quality of Criminal Defence’ – Transform Justice (London, 2019)
  • ‘Thematic Roundtable – Mental Health’ – Independent Office for Police Conduct (IOPC) (London, 2019)
  • ‘Implementing Vulnerability Theory in Legislative or Judicial Contexts’ (Roundtable discussion) – A Workshop on Vulnerability Theory and the Human Condition: Celebrating a Decade of Innovation (Leeds, 2018)
  • ‘Interrogating vulnerability: conceptualising and reconceptualising vulnerability under Code C to the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984’ – Law Staff Seminar (Cardiff, 2018)
  • ‘Vulnerability in police custody: police decision-making and the appropriate adult safeguard’ – Centre for Crime, Law and Justice (Cardiff, 2018)
  • ‘Is the law still failing ‘vulnerable’ suspects?’ – PublicUni, Cardiff University (Cardiff, 2018)
  • ‘Who – and what – is the ‘appropriate’ appropriate adult?’ – Centre for Crime, Law and Justice (Cardiff, 2018)
  • 'Constructing the case for the defence: ineffective lawyering, police impropriety and the efficacy of legal protections’ - LSA (Toronto, 2018)
  • ‘Professionalism and ethics’ (Roundtable discussion) – Workshop on Vulnerability and the Social Reproduction of Resilient Societies (Atlanta, 2018)
  • ‘Interrogating vulnerability: conceptualising and reconceptualising vulnerability under Code C to the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984’ - Workshop on Vulnerability and the Social Reproduction of Resilient Societies (Atlanta, 2018)
  • ‘Vulnerability in police custody: reflections from the field’ – Independent Office for Police Conduct (London, 2018)
  • ‘What is known about the experiences of vulnerable court users?’ – ESRC-HMCTS workshop on vulnerable court users (London, 2018)
  • 'Who is the 'vulnerable adult'?: reflections on the Home Office's proposed changes to Code C to the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984’ - SLSA (Bristol, 2018)
  • 'The appropriate adult safeguard: exploring the descriptive and the normative' - SLSA (Bristol, 2018)
  • 'PACE, suspects’ rights and the case for the defence: ineffective lawyering, police impropriety and the efficacy of legal protections’ – Howard League for Penal Reform (Oxford, 2018)
  • 'Professional Vulnerability in the Context of the Criminal Justice Process in England and Wales' - Workshop on Professionalism and Vulnerability (Leeds, 2017)
  • ‘Invisibility of disability in the Criminal Justice System: vulnerability and the appropriate adult safeguard’ – LSESU Penal Reform Society (Panel Contribution) (London, 2017)
  • ‘Barriers to implementing the appropriate adult safeguard’– National Appropriate Adult Network (NAAN) Professional Development Day (Bristol, 2017)
  • ‘Can practitioners and institutions be ‘vulnerable’?: examining the effect of neo-liberalism and austerity on police custody and criminal legal aid’ – British Society of Criminology Annual Conference (Sheffield, 2017)
  • ‘Constructions of ‘mental disorder’ and ‘mental vulnerability’ in police custody: more than just ‘understanding’ and ‘capacity’?’ – Mental Disability PGR and ECR Conference (Nottingham, 2017)
  • ‘Conceptualising practitioners and institutions as ‘vulnerable’: examining Fineman’s vulnerability thesis in the context of the criminal justice system’ – DMU-Leicester-Modena Conference: A Dialogue on Law and Rights (Modena, 2017)
  • ‘“We’re vulnerable too”: an (alternative) analysis of vulnerability within criminal legal aid and police custody’ – SLSA (Newcastle, 2017)
  • ‘Vulnerable by law but not by nature: exploring child and youth vulnerability in the context of police custody’ - Third Leicester-Modena Conference: A Dialogue on Law and Rights (Leicester, 2016); 10th North-South Irish Criminology Conference (Maynooth, 2016); British Society of Criminology Annual Conference (Nottingham, 2016); European Society of Criminology (Muenster, Germany, 2016)
  • ‘Vulnerability in police custody:  custody officers’ constructions of ‘vulnerability’ for the appropriate adult safeguard’ - Inaugural UK Mental Disability Law Conference (Nottingham, 2016)
  • ‘Automatic authorisation: assessing necessity to detain under PACE 1984’ – SLSA (Lancaster, 2016)
  • ‘Interrogating Vulnerability: a critical analysis of vulnerability under Code C to the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984’ - SLSA (Lancaster, 2016); Human Rights Centre (Belfast, 2016); Socio-Legal Seminar (Leicester, 2016)
  • ‘Automatic authorisation: an exploration of the decision to detain in police custody’ – Criminal Law, Criminal Justice and Criminology Seminar (Leicester, 2016)
  • ‘Identifying and defining vulnerability in police custody: assessing impact’ - Annual Summer PGR Conference (Birmingham, 2015)
  • ‘Implementing the appropriate adult safeguard – custody officers’ responses’ - Midlands Postgraduate Conference in Law (Leicester, 2015)
  • ‘Identifying Vulnerability and Risk in Police Custody: An Exploration of Themes’ - SLSA (Warwick, 2015)
  • ‘A Miscarriage of Justice at the Custody Suite?’ - Miscarriages of Justice Project (Leicester, 2015)
  • ‘The appropriate adult safeguard in police custody’ - Miscarriages of Justice Project (Leicester, 2014)

Committees and reviewing

  • Research Advisory Group - The Impact of PACE on Young Suspects (funded by Nuffield Foundation) (2020-) (PI: Dr Vicky Kemp); Young Suspects and Policing (funded by Policing Authority Ireland) (2019-) (PI: Prof Ursula Kilkelly, UCC)
  • Article reviewer: European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research (2020), Oñati Socio-Legal Series (2020); Journal of Law and Society (2020); Howard Journal of Crime and Justice (2018; 2020 - three times); Oxford Journal of Legal Studies (2019)
  • Textbook reviewer: Oxford University Press (2018; 2020)
  • Monograph reviewer: Palgrave Macmillan (2020 - twice); Policy Press (2017; 2020 - twice); Routledge (2020 - three times)
  • Grant reviewer: Independent Social Research Foundation (2020)
  • Seminar grants reviewer: SLSA (2020-21)

Publications

2021

2020

2019

2018

2017

2016

Roxanna has been awarded funding by the British Academy, the Economic and Social Research Council, the European Research Council, the Equality and Human Rights Commission, and the National Independent Safeguarding Board. As PI or CO-I, Roxanna is/has been involved in projects totalling over £1million. Roxanna has also been awarded over £4000 of internal funding for various projects.

Roxanna's research focuses on procedural safeguards for the accused, particularly within the frame of 'vulnerability'. Her work to date has focused principally on the appropriate adult safeguard and access to legal advice and representation. She is currently working with Newman on criminal justice in Wales (with a specific focus on vulnerability); and Skinns, Hodgson, Munro and Kempen on gender in police custody. With Tomczak, Roxanna will soon be examining how to regulate criminal justice detention (funded by the European Research Council).

Roxanna is passionate about using socio-legal approaches to interrogate various aspects of the criminal justice process. Her first book - deemed a 'major contribution to the field' by Prof Emeritus Gisli Gudjonsson CBE - critically appraises the operationalisation of the appropriate adult safeguard for adult suspects in police custody, providing the first in-depth examination of the appropriate adult safeguard in the 30 years post-PACE (Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984).

Roxanna’s primary interests are centred around vulnerability in the criminal justice process. She has specific expertise on the vulnerable suspect, the appropriate adult safeguard, and access to legal advice and representation. Her work centres mainly on pre-trial processes, but she is interested in all aspects of the criminal process from arrest to sentencing, and indeed beyond. Related to her work on vulnerability, she is also interested in the position of and interactions between legal, criminal justice actors such as police officers, lawyers, appropriate adults, prosecutors, and the judiciary. Roxanna also has a strong interest in youth justice, marketisation and privatisation in criminal justice, criminal justice responses to mental health and disability, the criminalisation of immigration, and qualitative methodologies, and has published work in these areas.

Supervision

I am interested in supervising PhD students in the areas of:

  • Mental health, disability, and vulnerability in criminal process
  • (Barriers to) the accused's participation in the criminal process
  • Vulnerability theory
  • Suspect/defendant rights and procedural safeguards, such as, but not limited to, the right to legal advice and representation and the right to silence
  • Austerity, neoliberalism, managerialism, securitisation and risk in the criminal process