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Dr Sara Long

Dr Sara Long

Research Fellow, DECIPHer

+44 (0)29 2251 0098
sbarc|spark, Maindy Road, Cathays, Cardiff, CF24 4HQ


I am an inter-disciplinary researcher interested in health, wellbeing and education outcomes of children and young people. Adopting a range of qualitative and quantitative methods, I work across several projects in this area. I recently received funding for a 3-year Welsh Government fellowship that will adopt a mixed methods design (interviews, observations and time-series analysis) to explore the aims, objectives and operationalisation of Wales-wide school reform, and will model impacts on health and wellbeing of learners. For further information please see here:

I am also principal investigator on a study funded by the Economic and Social Research Council that will explore the link between adverse childhood experiences and health and education outcomes, and the mediating role of local authority care and social services intervention. I will shortly be sharing a blog post on this study.

I have a background is psychology and public health, and my methodological interests include, but are not limited to, the use of mixed methods, longitudinal analyses, natural experiments, and data linkage.













  • Long, S. J. and Benton, D. 2011. Depression and suicide.. In: Benton, D. ed. Lifetime Nutritional Influences on Cognition, Behaviour and Psychiatric Illness. Food Science, Technology and Nutrition Woodhead Publishing


Contributions to teaching:

>Child and Youth Policy, School of Social Sciences (SOCSI), Cardiff University.

>Undergraduate Social Sciences and Research Methods, SOCSI, Cardiff University

>Masters of Public Health (MPH), MEDIC, Cardiff University

>Masters of Social Work (MASW), SOCSI, Cardiff University

>Undergraduate Psychology, Swansea University

2014/present – supervision of undergraduate and MSc students; experience of marking undergraduate and MSc projects

Please see below for a list of funded research projects, and selected publications, depicting research interests.


>2020-2023 Howarth, E., Moore, G.F., (mentor to first-time PI), Feder, G., Spencer, A., Evans, R., Berry, V., Stanley, N., Bacchus, L., Humphrey, A., Buckley, K., Littlecott, H., Long, S., Burn, A., Eldridge, S., Family Recovery after Domestic Abuse (FReDA): A feasibility trial and nested process evaluation of a group based intervention for children exposed to domestic violence and abuse. NIHR Public Health Research, £600,000 (awarded subject to contract)

>Oct 2019-Sep 2022: £264, 271 Health and Care Research Wales Health Fellowship Scheme. Long SJ (PI), Moore G. The role of schools in improving health, well-being, and reducing inequalities: a mixed-methods investigation of curriculum reform in Wales.

>Oct 2019-Mar 2021: £192,230, Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). Long SJ (PI), Farewell D, Fone DF, Lyons R, Moore G, Scourfield J, Taylor C. Does local authority care make a difference to the lives of vulnerable children? Longitudinal analyses of a retrospective electronic cohort.

>Feb 2018-Feb 2019: £85, 777, Social Care Wales (SCW). Williams A, Evans RE, Long SJ, Elliot M, Young H. Understanding outcomes for Welsh children who are placed in secure accommodation.

>Dec 2017: £2,100, International Credit Mobility Programme: Erasmus Plus. Long, SJ (PI). Travel grant to strengthen links and promote research collaborations with universities abroad.

>Oct 2017-Jan 2021: £70,000 ESRC Doctoral Training Partnership PhD Studentship Award. Moore GF (PI), Long SJ, Murphy S.

>Jul 2017-Apr 2018: £23,000, The Thrive Approach. Long SJ (PI), Evans R, Moore G (co-PIs). An evaluation of the impact of a primary school-based socio-emotional intervention on education outcomes at key stage 2.

>May-Nov 2017: £49,718, Welsh Local Government Association. Morgan K, Moore GF (co-PIs) Hawkins J, Littlecott H, Long SJ. and McConnon, L An evaluability assessment of the Food & Fitness Summer Holiday Enrichment Programme in Wales.

Jun 2017: £2,000 School of Social Sciences international conference fund. Travel grant to present work at the International Society for Child Indicators Conference.

>Jan-Jun 2016: £20,000, Long SJ (PI), Ashton KA, Bellis M, Gray B, South Wales Police and Crime Commissioners’ Office. Project lead for ‘Exploring the impact of transportation on public safety and health, social and well-being outcomes among users of the night-time economy (NTE)’.

>Oct 2014-Mar 2016: £135,000, Bellis M (PI), Long SJ, Barton E. South Wales Police and Crime Commissioners’ Office. Project lead for the ‘development of a multi-agency routine surveillance and analysis system to develop understanding, intervention and prevention of violence in Wales’.


>Long SJ, Littlecott HJ, Eccles G, Fletcher A, Hawkins J, Hewitt G, Murphy S, Moore G. (2019) Testing the ‘zero-sum game’ hypothesis: An examination of school health policies and practices and inequalities in educational outcomes. Journal of School Health.

> Young H, Long SJ, Melendez-Torres GJ, Hyun SK, Hewitt G, Murphy S, Moore G. (2019) Dating and relationship violence victimisation and perpetration among 11-16 year olds in Wales: A cross-sectional analysis of the School Health Research Network (SHRN) survey. 2019. Journal of Public Health.

>Paranjothy SP, Evans A, Bandyopadhyay A, Fone D, Schofield B, John A, Bellis MA, Lyons RA, Farewell D, Long SJ. (2018) Risk of emergency hospital admissions associated with mental disorders and alcohol misuse in the household: an electronic birth cohort study. (published online May 15.) Lancet Public Health.

>Moore G, Cox R, Evans R, Hallinberg B, Hawkins J, Littlecott H, Long SJ, Murphy S. (2018) School, peer and family relationships and adolescent substance use, subjective well-being and mental health in Wales: a cross-sectional study. Child Indicators Research.

>Littlecott H, Long SJ, Eccles G, Fletcher A, Hawkins J, Hewitt G, Murphy S, Moore G. (2018) Health improvement and educational attainment in secondary schools: complementary or competing priorities? Exploratory analysis from the School Health Research Network in Wales. Health Education and Behavior.

>Young H, Long SJ, Hallingberg B, Fletcher A, Hewitt G, Murphy S, Moore G. (2018) School practices are important for students' sexual health: Analysis of the School Health Research Network Survey in Wales. European Journal of Public Health.

>Roberts L, Long S, Young H, Hewitt G, Murphy S. and Moore G. 2018. Sexual health development for young people in state care: cross-sectional analysis of a national survey and views of social care professionals in Wales. Children and Youth Services Review 89, 281-288.

>Long S, Littlecott H, Eccles G, Fletcher A, Hawkins J, Hewitt G, Murphy S, Moore G. (2017) Testing the 'zero-sum game' hypothesis: An examination of school health policy and practice and inequalities in educational outcomes. The Lancet

>Gray BJ, Barton E, Davies A, Long SJ, Roderick J, Bellis M. (2017) A shared data approach more accurately represents the rates and patterns of violence with injury assaults. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

>Long S, Evans R, Fletcher, A, Hewitt G, Murphy S, Young H. and Moore G. (2017) A comparison of substance use, subjective wellbeing and interpersonal relationships among young people in foster care and private households: a cross sectional analysis of the School Health Research Network survey in Wales. BMJ Open, in press.

>Long S, Fone D, Gartner A, and Bellis M. (2016) Demographic and socio-economic inequalities in the risk of emergency hospital admissions for violence: a cross-sectional analysis of a national database in Wales. BMJ Open, 6, e011169.

>Gray B, Bracken RM, Turner D, Long SJ, et al. (2016) A workplace-based risk assessment improves predicted lifetime cardiovascular disease risk in male steelworkers. Public Health, 138, 160-163.

>Long S. and Benton D. (2013) Effects of multi-vitamin and mineral supplementation on stress, mild psychiatric symptoms and mood in non-clinical samples: a meta-analysis. Psychosomatic Medicine, 75, 144-153.

>Long S. and Benton D. (2013) A double-blind trial of the effect of docosahexaenoic acid and vitamin and mineral supplementation on aggression, impulsivity and stress. Human Psychopharmacology, 28, 238-247.

>Benton D, Donohue RT, Clayton DE, and Long S. (2013) Supplementation with DHA and the psychological function of young adults. British Journal of Nutrition, 109, 151-161.