# Dr Sivakumar Kulasegaram

Senior Lecturer - Teaching and Research

## Overview

Sivakumar Kulasegaram received his Bachelor of Technology (Mechanical Engineering) degree from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, Master of Science in Computational Modelling and Finite Element in Engineering from Swansea University and Doctor of Philosophy from Swansea University.

Research Interests:

- Advanced Numerical methods and Computational Mechanics
- Development of Meshless (especially SPH) computational methods
- Computational modelling of large strain and fracture in solids including composite materials
- Modelling free surface flows including flow of self-compacting concrete
- Simulation of structural response due to fast dynamics and high speed impact loading

## Biography

## Publications

### 2021

- zheng, Z. J.et al. 2021. An efficient SPH methodology for modelling mechanical characteristics of particulate composites. Defence Technology 17(1), pp. 135-146. (10.1016/j.dt.2020.04.003)

### 2020

- Greto, G. and Kulasegaram, S. 2020. An efficient and stabilised SPH method for large strain metal plastic deformations. Computational Particle Mechanics 7, pp. 523-539. (10.1007/s40571-019-00277-6)
- Al-Saad, M.et al. 2020. Application of smooth particle hydrodynamics method for modelling blood flow with thrombus formation. Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 122(3), pp. 831-862. (10.32604/cmes.2020.08527)

### 2019

- Greto, G. and Kulasegaram, S. 2019. Correction to: An efficient and stabilised SPH method for large strain metal plastic deformations. Computational Particle Mechanics (10.1007/s40571-019-00292-7)
- Kulasegaram, S. and Mimoun, A. 2019. An efficient computational procedure for modelling the flow of fibre suspended self-compacting concrete. Presented at: PARTICLES 2019 VI International Conference on Particle-Based Methods. Fundamentals and Applications,, Barcelona, Spain., 28-30 October 2019.

### 2018

- Kulasegaram, S. and Karihaloo, B. 2018. Assessing the flow characteristics of self-compacting concrete via numerical simulations of flow tests. Presented at: Conference on Computational Modelling of Concrete and Concrete Structures, Bad Hofgastein, Austria, 26 February - 1 March 2018 Presented at Meschke, G., Pichler, B. and Rots, J. G. eds.Computational Modelling of Concrete and Concrete Structures: Proceedings of the Conference on Computational Modelling of Concrete and Concrete Structures. London: CRC Press pp. 173., (10.1201/9781315182964-21)

### 2017

- Alyhya, W. S., Kulasegaram, S. and Karihaloo, B. L. 2017. Simulation of the flow of self-compacting concrete in the V-funnel by SPH. Cement and Concrete Research 100, pp. 47-59. (10.1016/j.cemconres.2017.05.021)
- Al-Rubaye, M. M., Kulasegaram, S. and Karihaloo, B. L. 2017. Simulation of self-compacting concrete in an L-box using smooth particle hydrodynamics. Magazine of Concrete Research 69(12), pp. 618-628. (10.1680/jmacr.16.00408)
- Lee, C. H.et al. 2017. A variationally consistent streamline upwind Petrov-Galerkin smooth particle hydrodynamics algorithm for large strain solid dynamic. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 318, pp. 514-536. (10.1016/j.cma.2017.02.002)
- Peng, X.et al. 2017. An extended finite element method (XFEM) for linear elastic fracture with smooth nodal stress. Computers & Structures 179, pp. 48-63. (10.1016/j.compstruc.2016.10.014)
- Kulasegaram, S. and Karihaloo, B. 2017. Recent developments in modelling self-compacting concrete flow using smooth particle hydrodynamics method. Presented at: PARTICLES 2017 V International Conference on Particle-Based Methods. Fundamentals and Applications,, Hannover, Germany., 26-28 September 2017. pp. -.

### 2016

- Abo Dhaheer, M. S., Kulasegaram, S. and Karihaloo, B. L. 2016. Simulation of self-compacting concrete flow in the J-ring test using smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH). Cement and Concrete Research 89, pp. 27-34. (10.1016/j.cemconres.2016.07.016)
- Lee, C. H.et al. 2016. A new Jameson-Schmidt-Turkel Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics algorithm for large strain explicit fast dynamics. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 311, pp. 71-111. (10.1016/j.cma.2016.07.033)
- Greto, G.et al. 2016. A stabilised total lagrangian corrected smooth particle hydrodynamics technique in large strain explicit fast solid dynamics. Presented at: 7th European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering, ECCOMAS Congress 2016, Crete, Greece, 5-10 June 2016 Presented at Papadrakakis, M. et al. eds.ECCOMAS Congress 2016 - Proceedings of the 7th European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering, Vol. 4. Athens, Greece: National Technical University of Athens pp. 8231-8240., (10.7712/100016.2408.10124)
- Badry, F., Kulasegaram, S. and Karihaloo, B. 2016. Effect of cone lift rate on the flow time of self-compacting concrete. Magazine of Concrete Research 68(2), pp. 80-86. (10.1680/macr.14.00379)
- Badry, F., Kulasegaram, S. and Karihaloo, B. 2016. Estimation of the yield stress and distribution of large aggregates from slump flow test of self-compacting concrete mixes using smooth particle hydrodynamics simulation. Journal of Sustainable Cement-Based Materials 5(3), pp. 117-134. (10.1080/21650373.2014.979266)

### 2015

- Abo Dhaheer, M. S.et al. 2015. Proportioning of self-compacting concrete mixes based on target plastic viscosity and compressive strength: Part I - mix design procedure. Journal of Sustainable Cement-Based Materials 5(4), pp. 199-216. (10.1080/21650373.2015.1039625)
- Abo Dhaheer, M. S.et al. 2015. Proportioning of self-compacting concrete mixes based on target plastic viscosity and compressive strength: Part II experimental validation. Journal of Sustainable Cement-Based Materials 5(4), pp. 217-232. (10.1080/21650373.2015.1036952)
- Karihaloo, B., Kulasegaram, S. and Badry, F. 2015. Accurate estimation of rheological properties of self-compacting concrete. Journal of the Chinese Ceramic Society 43(10), pp. 1396-1400. (10.14062 / j.issn.0454-5648.2015.10.09)
- Badry, F., Kulasegaram, S. and Karihaloo, B. 2015. Simulation of the flow of non-Newtonian self-compacting concrete. Presented at: 23rd Conference of the Association of Computational Mechanics in Engineering (ACME-UK 2015), Swansea, 8-10 April 2015 Presented at Gil, A. J. and Sevilla, R. eds.Proceedings of the 23rd Conference of the Association for Computational Mechanics in Engineering, ACME-UK. 2015. Swansea: Swansea University pp. 193-196.
- Karihaloo, B. and Kulasegaram, S. 2015. Determination of fibre orientation factor in high and ultra-high- performance fibre-reinforced self-compacting concrete. Presented at: HPFRCC-7: 7th RILEM Workshop on High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites, Stuttgart , Germany, 1-3 June 2015 Presented at Reinhardt, H. W., Parra-Montesinos, G. J. and Garrecht, H. eds.HPFRCC-7: Proceedings of the 7th RILEM Workshop on High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites. Stuttgart, Germany: Fraunhofer IRB Verlag pp. 137-144.
- Badry, F., Karihaloo, B. and Kulasegaram, S. 2015. Simulation of the flow of non-Newtonian self-compacting concrete. Presented at: PARTICLES 2015 IV International Conference on Particle-Based Methods. Fundamentals and Applications, Barcelona, Spain, 28-30 September 2015 Presented at Oñate, E. et al. eds.Proceedings of the I V International Conference on Particle - Based Methods – Fundamentals and Applications held in Barcelona, Spain 28 - 3 0 September 2015. Barcelona, Spain: International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering (CIMNE)
- Karihaloo, B., Kulasegaram, S. and Badry, F. 2015. Accurate estimation of the rheological properties of self-compacting concrete. Presented at: 14th International Congress on the Chemistry of Cement (ICCC 2015), Beijing, China, 13-16 October 2015.
- Karihaloo, B., Deeb, R. and Kulasegaram, S. 2015. 3D modelling of the flow of self-compacting concrete with or without steel fibres. Presented at: ICCMS 2014: The 5th International Congress On Computational Mechanics And Simulation, Chennai, India, 10 – 13 December 2014 Presented at Nagesh, R. et al. eds.Proceedings Of The 5th International Congress On Computational Mechanics And Simulation.

### 2014

- Deeb, R., Kulasegaram, S. and Karihaloo, B. L. 2014. 3D modelling of the flow of self-compacting concrete with or without steel fibres. Part I: slump flow test. Computational Particle Mechanics 1(4), pp. 373-389. (10.1007/s40571-014-0002-y)
- Deeb, R., Kulasegaram, S. and Karihaloo, B. L. 2014. 3D modelling of the flow of self-compacting concrete with or without steel fibres. Part II: L-box test and the assessment of fibre reorientation during the flow. Computational Particle Mechanics 1(4), pp. 391-408. (10.1007/s40571-014-0003-x)
- Thai, C. H.et al. 2014. Generalized shear deformation theory for functionally graded isotropic and sandwich plates based on isogeometric approach. Computers and Structures 141, pp. 94-112. (10.1016/j.compstruc.2014.04.003)
- Kulasegaram, S., Deeb, R. and Karihaloo, B. 2014. Reorientation of fibres during the flow of fibre-reinforced self-compacting concrete and determination of fibre orientation factor. Presented at: EURO-C 2014 Conference, St. Anton am Arlberg; Austria, 24th - 27th March 2014.
- Deeb, R., Karihaloo, B. L. and Kulasegaram, S. 2014. Reorientation of short steel fibres during the flow of self-compacting concrete mix and determination of the fibre orientation factor. Cement and Concrete Research 56, pp. 112-120. (10.1016/j.cemconres.2013.10.002)
- Nguyen-Xuan, H.et al. 2014. Isogeometric analysis of functionally graded plates using a refined plate theory. Composites: Part B Engineering 64, pp. 222-234. (10.1016/j.compositesb.2014.04.001)
- Kulasegaram, S., Karihaloo, B. L. and Deeb, R. 2014. Reorientation of fibres during the flow of fibre- reinforced self-compacting concrete and determination of fibre orientation factor. Presented at: European Conference on Computational Modelling of Concrete Structures (EUROC 2014), St. Anton am Arlberg, Austria, 24-27 March 2014 Presented at Bicanic, N. et al. eds.Computational Modelling of Concrete Structures: proceedings of EURO-C 2014, Vol. 2. Boca Raton: CRC Press pp. 593-602.
- Deeb, R., Kulasegaram, S. and Karihaloo, B. 2014. 3D modelling of the flow of self-compacting concrete with or without steel fibres. Presented at: Symposium on Design, Performance and Use of on Self-Consolidating Concrete, Xiamen, China, 5-8 June 2014 Presented at Shi, C., Ou, Z. and Khayat, K. H. eds.Proc 3rd Symposium on Design, Performance and Use of on Self-Consolidating Concrete (SCC2014). RILEM Publ S.A.R.L. France pp. 31-31.

### 2013

- Kulasegaram, S. and Karihaloo, B. L. 2013. Fibre-reinforced, self-compacting concrete flow modelled by smooth particle hydrodynamics. Proceedings of the ICE Engineering and Computational Mechanics 166(1), pp. 22-31. (10.1680/eacm.11.00004)
- Shabana, Y.et al. 2013. Influence of processing defects on the measured properties of Cu-A12O3 composites : a forensic investigation. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing 46, pp. 140-146. (10.1016/j.compositesa.2012.11.004)
- Deeb, R., Karihaloo, B. L. and Kulasegaram, S. 2013. Simulation of fiber orientation during the flow of ultra high performance self-compacting concrete. Presented at: EMI 2013: Engineering Mechanics Institute Conference, Evanston, IL, USA, 4-7 August 2013.
- Karihaloo, B. L. and Kulasegaram, S. 2013. Structural integrity considerations of a rocket thruster. Presented at: 8th International Conference on Structural Integrity and Fracture (SIF2013), Melbourne, Australia, 11-12 July 2013.
- Karihaloo, B. L., Kulasegaram, S. and Deeb, R. 2013. Simulation of fiber orientation during the flow of ultra high performance self-compacting concrete. Presented at: Particles 2013: III International Conference on Particle-Based Methods, Fundamentals and Applications, Stuttgart, Germany, 18-20 September 2013.

### 2012

- Deeb, R., Kulasegaram, S. and Karihaloo, B. L. 2012. Modelling the flow of self-compacting high and ultra-high performance fibre-reinforced concretes. Presented at: 8th RILEM International Symposium on Fibre Reinforced Concrete: Challenges and Opportunities (BEFIB 2012), Guimarães, Portugal, 19-21 September 2012.
- Kulasegaram, S., Shabana, Y. and Karihaloo, B. L. 2012. Thermo-mechanical modelling of a functionally graded material. Presented at: 6th European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering (ECCOMAS 2012), Vienna, Austria, 10-14 September 2012.

### 2011

- Shabana, Y.et al. 2011. Thermo-mechanical modeling of functionally graded materials. Presented at: 21st National and 10th ISHMT-ASME Heat and Mass Transfer conference, Chennai, India, 27-30 December 2011.
- Kulasegaram, S., Karihaloo, B. L. and Deeb, R. 2011. Application of SPH method for modelling the flow of ultra high performance fibre reinforced self-compacting concrete. Presented at: PARTICLES 2011: II International Conference on Particle-based Methods Fundamentals and Applications, Barcelona, Spain, 26-28 October 2011.
- Kulasegaram, S., Karihaloo, B. L. and Ghanbari, A. 2011. Modelling the flow of self-compacting concrete. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics 35(6), pp. 713-723. (10.1002/nag.924)

### 2010

- Liu, Y., Chen, Y. and Kulasegaram, S. 2010. Projection method with self-adaptive time steps for LES of ignition and extinction in non-premixed jet flames. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering 26(9), pp. 1203-1218. (10.1002/cnm.1210)
- Kulasegaram, S. and Chen, Y. 2010. Modelling particulate composite using SPH Method. Presented at: 4th European Conference on Computational Mechanics (ECCM 2010), Paris, France, 16-21 May 2010.
- Ghanbari, A., Karihaloo, B. L. and Kulasegaram, S. 2010. Prediction of the plastic viscosity of self-compacting steel fibre reinforced concrete. Presented at: Proceedings CONMOD2010, Lausanne, Switzerland. pp. 61-64.
- Karihaloo, B. L., Kulasegaram, S. and Ghanbari, A. 2010. Modelling the flow of self-compacting concrete. Presented at: Proceedings of the 4th European Congress on Computational Mechanics (ECCM2010)CDROM, Paris, France. Vol. 59.

### 2009

- Chen, Y. Q. and Kulasegaram, S. 2009. Numerical modelling of fracture of particulate composites using SPH method. Computational Materials Science 47(1), pp. 60-70. (10.1016/j.commatsci.2009.06.014)
- Chen, P.et al. 2009. An enhanced formulation of error bound in subspace iteration method. Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering 27(1), pp. 113-127. (10.1002/cnm.1297)
- Islam, M. S., Kulasegaram, S. and Chen, Y. Q. 2009. Computational modelling of particulate composites using Element Free Galerkin method. Presented at: ACME-UK Annual Conference 2009, Nottingham, UK.

### 2008

- Kulasegaram, S. and Chen, Y. Q. 2008. Application of SPH method for modelling particulate composites. Presented at: 8th World Congress on Computational Mechanics (WCCM8) and 5th European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering (ECCOMAS 2008), Venice, Italy, 30 June-4 July 2008 Presented at Schrefler, B. A. and Perego, U. eds.8th World Congress on Computational Mechanics, WCCM8, 5th European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering, ECCOMAS 2008 : Venice, Italy, 30 June-4 July 2008. Barcelona: CIMNE

### 2007

- Chen, Y. Q. and Kulasegaram, S. 2007. Numerical modelling of fracture in particulate composite using SPH method. Presented at: International Symposium on Computational Mechanics, Beijing, China.

### 2006

- Askes, A., Bennett, T. and Kulasegaram, S. 2006. Meshless discretisation of non-local damage theories. Presented at: Proceedings of IUTAM symposium on Discretization Methods for Evolving Discontinuities, Lyon, France Presented at Combescure A, B. R. ed., Vol. 5.
- Bennet, T. and Kulasegaram, S. 2006. On the use of damage model based on non-local displacements in the element-free Galerkin method flows. Presented at: European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering (ECCOMAS), Lisbon, Portugal.
- Bennett, T. and Kulasegaram, S. 2006. A damage model based on non-local displacements in the element-free Galerkin method. Presented at: Advisory Committee on Mathematics Education annual conference (ACME- UK), Belfast, UK.

### 2004

- Kulasegaram, S.et al. 2004. Variational formulation for the smooth particle hydrodynamics (SPH) simulation of fluid and solid problems. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 193(12-14), pp. 1245-1256. (10.1016/j.cma.2003.12.018)
- Kulasegaram, S.et al. 2004. A variational formulation based contact algorithm for rigid boundaries in two-dimensional SPH applications. Computational Mechanics 33(4), pp. 316-325. (10.1007/s00466-003-0534-0)
- Kulasegaram, S. and Bonet, J. 2004. Variational formulation of fractional step methods in SPH fluid mechanics applications. Presented at: 4th European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering ECCOMAS 2004, JyvÃ¤skylÃ¤, Finland, 24-28 Jul 2004.
- Lewis, R.et al. 2004. Alternative techniques for casting process simulation. International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow 14(2), pp. 145-166.

### 2003

- Kulasegaram, S.et al. 2003. High pressure die casting simulation using a Lagrangian particle method. Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering 19(9), pp. 679-687. (10.1002/cnm.633)

### 2002

- Profit, M.et al. 2002. Modelling of high pressure die casting using the CSPH method. Presented at: 3rd International Conference on Engineering Computational Technology, Prague, Czech Republic, 4-6 Sept 2002.
- Bonet, J., Rodriguez-Paz, M. X. and Kulasegaram, S. 2002. The simulation of shallow waters and debris flows using corrected smooth particle hydrodynamics. Presented at: WCCM V - Fifth World Congress on Computational Mechanics, Vienna, Austria, 7-12 July 2002.
- Bonet, J. and Kulasegaram, S. 2002. A simplified approach to enhance the performance of smooth particle hydrodynamics methods. Applied Mathematics and Computation 126(2-3), pp. 133-155. (10.1016/S0096-3003(00)00143-0)
- Bonet, J. and Kulasegaram, S. 2002. Alternative total Lagrangian formulations for corrected smooth particle hydrodynamics (CSPH) methods in large strain dynamics problems. European Review of Finite Elements 11, pp. 893-912.
- Lewis, R.et al. 2002. Recent developments in casting simulations based on optimisation methods, meshless methods and medial axis transformation. Presented at: 5th World Congress in Computational Mechanics Conference, Vienna, Austria.

### 2001

- Bonet, J. and Kulasegaram, S. 2001. Remarks on tension instability of Eulerian and Lagrangian corrected smooth particle hydrodynamics (CSPH) methods. International Journal of Numerical Methods in Engineering 52(11), pp. 1203-1220. (10.1002/nme.242)
- Bonet, J. and Kulasegaram, S. 2001. Smooth particle hydrodynamics (SPH) techniques for the simulation of free surface flows. Presented at: European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering. ECCOMAS--CFD 2001, Swansea, 4 - 7 Sept 2001.

### Contracts

Title | People | Sponsor | Value | Duration |
---|---|---|---|---|

AFM-based nano-machining: developing and validating a novel modelling approach for effective process implementation in nanotechnology applications | Brousseau E, Kulasegaram S, Read D (PHYSX) |
EPSRC | £692,656 | 01/09/2020 - 31/08/2023 |

Simulation of the flow of non-Newtonian Fibre-reinforced self-compacting concrete | Karihaloo B, Kulasegaram S |
Ser Cymru NRN AEM | £87,949 | 01/07/2015 - 30/06/2017 |

Towards the next generation of fast dynamics solvers in engineering | Kulasegaram S |
Ser Cymru NRN AEM | £57,000 | 01/07/2014 - 30/06/2017 |

Retrofitting and rehabilitation of reinforced concrete beams using ultra high perfromance concrete and basalt reinforced concrete overlay | Karihaloo B, Jefferson A, Kulasegaram S |
British Council | £32,973 | 01/03/2014 - 29/02/2016 |

Integrating numerical simulation and geometric design technology (INSIST) | Bordas S, Kerfriden P, Simpson R, Kulasegaram S, Martin R, Langbein F (COMSC) |
European Commission FP7 - Marie Curie Action (MCA) | £1,201,338 | 01/01/2012 - 31/12/2016 |

Micro and nanocrystalline functionally graded materials for transport application | Karihaloo BL, Kulasegaram S, Zhu H |
European Commission (FP7) | £153,602 | 01/02/2010 - 31/01/2013 |

Sustainable domain-specific software generation tools for extremely parallel particle-based simulations | Bordas SPA, Kulasegaram S |
EPSRC | £25,586 | 01/10/2010 - 30/09/2013 |

A novel particle based approach for modelling fracture in particulate composites | Kulasegaram S |
EPSRC | £113,982 | 01/04/2005 - 30/09/2007 |

### Supervised Students

Title | Student | Status | Degree |
---|---|---|---|

Sustainable Self-Compacting Concrete | ALSHAHRANI Abdullah | Current | PhD |

A Novel Modelling Approach to Enhance the Predictability of Nano-scale Mechanical Machining | SHEN Hao | Current | PhD |

Characterisation of Self-Compacting Concrete with fibres | MIMOUN Abdulkarim Ahmed Mohamed | Current | PhD |

Self Compacting High And Ultra High Performance Concretes | GHANBARI Akbar | Graduate | PhD |

Retrofitting of concrete structures with fibre-reinforced concrete | AL AZZAWI Bakr Salahuddin Mohammed | Graduate | PhD |

Integrating Numerical Simulation And Geometric Design Technology (Insist) | ALVES PALADIM Daniel | Graduate | PhD |

Experimental and Numerical Studies In Self-Compacting Concrete | BADRY Firas Fadhel | Graduate | PhD |

Towards the Next Generation of Fast Dynamics Solvers in Engineering | GRETO Giorgio | Graduate | PhD |

Computational Modelling of Particlate Composites using Meshless Methods | ISLAM Md Sultanul | Graduate | PhD |

MULTISCALE BLOOD FLOW SIMULATION BY THE SMOOTHED PARTICLE HYDRODYNAMICS | AL SAAD Mohammed Khairullah Kadhim | Graduate | PhD |

Simulation of the flow of self-compacting concrete in J-ring and study of its fracture behaviour | ABO DHAHEER Mohammed Shamil Mohammed | Graduate | PhD |

Simulation of the flow of self-compacting concrete in L-box and study of its fracture behaviour | AL RUBAYE Muna Mohammed Kareem | Graduate | PhD |

Multiscale methods for fracture during dynamic impact. | YU Peng | Graduate | PhD |

FLOW OF SELF-COMPACTING CONCRETE | DEEB Rola | Graduate | PhD |

Simulation of the flow of self-compacting concrete in V-funnel and study of its fracture behaviour | ALYHYA Wajde Shober Saheb | Graduate | PhD |

Streamlining Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Computer Aided Engineering (CAE) pipeline | DU Xiaohan | Graduate | PhD |

Isogeometric Boundary Element Methods for Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics | PENG Xuan | Graduate | PhD |