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 Adrian Gonzalez

Adrian Gonzalez

Lecturer in Human Geography / Planning (Environmental)

School of Geography and Planning

+44 (0)29 2087 9646
2.57, Glamorgan Building, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff, CF10 3WA
Available for postgraduate supervision

I have an interdisciplinary academic background with degrees in History (De Montfort University), War Studies (King's College London) and Human Geography (Royal Holloway, University of London). As a political geographer, I explore natural resource governance and conflict, social participation, environmental justice and sustainable development, particularly in Latin America and Africa. Underpinning my research is the exploration of how natural resources and environmental pollution generate injustice and inequality and how communities and other actors seek to address these issues. 


PhD Human Geography, Department of Geography, Royal Holloway, University of London, 2017. Thesis entitled: ‘Access, engagement, suppression, and empowerment: a political ecology of voice (PEV) study into Peruvian citizen ability and willingness to report Petroperu environmental pollution incidents.’

MA War Studies, King’s College London, 2010.

BA (Hons) History, De Montfort University, 2008.


Lecturer in Human Geography / Planning (Environmental), School of Geography and Planning, Cardiff University, (2020-present).

Associate Lecturer in Human Geography and Environment, Department of Environment and Geography, University of York, 2018-2019.

Guest Lecturer, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, School of Advanced Studies, University of London, (2018).

Hourly Paid Lecturer, Royal Docks School of Business and Law, University of East London, (2017-1018).

Professional Qualifications and Memberships


Teaching and Supporting Learning in Higher Education (TSLHE), University of York, 2019.

Qualified Teacher Status (QTS), History, 2012.


Associate Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (AFHEA), Higher Education Academy, 2019.

Society for Latin American Studies, 2019.

Peru Support Group, 2018-present.

I currently contribute to a range of undergraduate and postgraduate modules on areas including environmental policy, climate change, sustainable development and research methods.

 Research interests

As a political geographer and more specifically a political ecologist, I have a huge passion for exploring the impact that natural resources have on states, societies, and businesses. Most of my work has revolved around the extractive sector, particularly oil, and I have conducted fieldwork in Peru alongside desk-based research on the Global South (Ecuador, Angola, Nigeria and Sudan) and North (UK). Specific research interests include natural resource governance, conflict and consultation, environmental (in)justice, environmental activism, the challenges of sustainable development and corporate social responsibility, the latter with a focus on the extractive sector. 

I am also extremely interested in different forms of participation surrounding natural resources and environmental issues and the ways in which people and other actors vocalise their concerns and the barriers they face in doing so. Drawing upon political ecology and the work of the political economist Albert Hirschman, I have developed a theoretical framework called the political ecology of voice (or PEV) which aims to explore the political, social, economic and geographical environment in which different actors voice. IFor more information on this theoretical framework, please see my list of publications.

Current research projects

I have several ongoing research project themes. The first is a series of articles on natural resources. I am contributing to one article exploring natural resource consultation across Central and Latin America and am lead author on a second paper examining environmental justice in the context of Peru’s oil industry and Ethiopia’s REDD+ scheme.  

A second project theme surrounds sustainable development. Alongside a group of academic colleagues from UK and Brazilian universities, we are interested in exploring consumer and business perceptions of sustainable development in the context of the cosmetic industry. We are in the early stages of compiling a literature review on this topic.  Another paper is being co-written with a colleague that is comparing the Aichi Targets and sustainable development goals (SDGs) to understand the areas in which they align and contest.

The final theme is theoretical. I am revisiting the PEV framework to explore and establish a typology of protest voice that better captures the different forms of vocal action taken in the context of environmental issues and natural resource governance.

I am keen on supervising students in the following areas:

  • Natural resource governance 
  • Environmental policy
  • Environmental justice
  • Sustainable development