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Dr Manoj Kesaria

Dr Manoj Kesaria

Advanced Materials and Devices - Sêr Cymru Research Group
Condensed Matter and Photonics Group

School of Physics and Astronomy

Room N/0.09 (A), Queen's Buildings - North Building, 5 The Parade, Newport Road, Cardiff, CF24 3AA
Available for postgraduate supervision


M.IN.D (Manoj Infrared Detector's) foundry

Centre for research and developemnt of low-dimensional heterostructures & quantum materials for detectors 

MIND foundry focus is on the research and development (R&D) of novel group III-Nitride (GaN based) and III-Antimonide (GaSb based) quantum materials for infrared detectors spanning SWIR, MWIR and LWIR wavelength range from 1 µm to 14 µm...

If you are interested in collaborating with the MIND foundry, please contact me...


June 2021: Manoj Kesaria became a fellow of Higher Education Academy, UK. He has been awarded FHEA, by HEA, UK.

May 2021: Congratulation! D Kwan et al for publishing an article in AIP -  Applied Physics Letters, Optical and structural investigation of a 10 µm InAs/GaSb type-II superlattice on GaAs

Upcoming opportunities: 

Post-doctoral/ Research Associate/ Research Scientist/ Research Assistant positions (If you are interested in working with the MIND group? Please send your CV, statement of research interests and career goals.)

III-Nitride and III-As-Sb 

Device Epitaxy-(expertise on Veeco Gen 930 reactors).

Device Fabrication- (expertise on photodiodes, APD, SPAD and array fabrication and characterisation)

PhD positions (If interested? Please send your CV, statement of research interests)

EPSRC CDT in Compound Semiconductor Manufacturing

Self-funded international candidates are welcome


I am a Lecturer/Assistant Professor, group leader of the M.IN.D research group and a CMP outreach representative in the School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University.

My Expertise:

Device Epitaxy: I have used Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) for the growth of GaN and GaSb based alloys, low dimensional quantum hetero-structures for near and mid-infrared emitters and detectors.

Materials: QW of InAsN/InGaAs,  InAsN/InAlAs, InAsSbN/InAs,  InAs/InAsSb Type-II superlattice LED, In (As/Sb) (TPV). High In containing InGaN, GaN and InN as thin-film, nanowires and  II-VI lattice-matched buffer development for high In InGaN APDs.

Device Fabrication: Used clas 10/100 clean room to fabricate InAs, InAsN, InGaAs, InGaAsBi, and III-Sb based LED, resonant tunnelling diodes (RTD), photodiodes, avalanche photodiodes (APD) and linear array.

Academic positions

2018– present: Lecturer/Assistant Professor, School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University

2013–2018: Senior Research Associate at Lancaster University & University of Sheffield

2012–2013: Research Scientist, University of Houston, Texas and Integrated Micro Sensors Inc (Houston)

2008–2012: Senior Research Fellow and Research Associate, International Centre for Material Science, JNCASR, Bangalore, India

2006–2008: Junior Research Fellow, National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi, India


2005: Ranked amongst the top 20 in exams for Lecturers in Physical Sciences.University Grants Commission (UGC),- National Eligibility Test (NET), India 

2005: Research Fellowship award for PhD (£10K for 5 years) in Physical Sciences by Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)-India


Before joining Cardiff University,

I have worked as a senior researcher on projects between 2013-2018:

EP/J015849/1 “InAsNSb Dilute Nitride Materials for Mid-infrared Devices & Applications”

EP/M013707/1 “TPVs for Waste Heat Recovery in Energy Resilient Manufacturing”.

EP/N020715/1 “Realising a solid-state photomultiplier and infrared detectors through bismide containing semiconductors”.

Worked/working with renowned physicists, engineers and scientists

Prof Diana Huffaker (Cardiff University, UCLA and UTA)

Prof. Anthony Krier (Lancaster University),

Prof John David (University of Sheffield),

Prof Chee Hing Tan (University of Sheffield)

Prof. S.M.Shivarasad.Director kshead  (Phd Supervisor)

I have completed PhD in physics and material engineering entitled " Study of the formation of defect controlled Gallium Nitride (GaN) thin films and nanostructures by Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE)" at Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore, India in 2012.

I have previously held

Research fellowships:

National Physical Laboratory, India;

Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore, India.

Teaching position:

Lecturer applied mathematics

Chandra Sekhak Aajaz Institute of Science and Technology (CSAIST), India.

Physics Post graduate teacher

Rani Laxmi Bai Public School














Module Organiser (MO)- Low Dimensional Semiconductor Devices (MPhys + MSc- PX4221+ PXT 126 )- L7

Deputy Module Organiser (DMO)-  Semicondcutor Devices and Applications (PX 3242)- L6 

DMO - Avanced Experimental Techniques (PXT991)- MSc from 2021-20 session

Year 3 undergraduate physics project (PX3315)

1. GaN nanostrucutres on Silicon for optoelectronics

2. Chacterisation of GaN nanostructure for quantum technology

Year 4 (MPhys)/MSc Research Project (PX4310/PXT999)

1. Characterisation and simulation of III-Nitride Nanowires for Energy Harvesting

2. Characterisation and simulation of MWIR and LWIR Type-II superlattice

M.I.N.D (Manoj Infrared Detector's) foundry is a team of:

Crystal growers: Utilize the state-of-the-art Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) for developing the epitaxy of novel Compound Semiconductors materials and devices.

Device fabrication experts:  Design, simulate, model and fabricate detectors in single-pixel and array format using  a class 10, 100 and 1000 cleanroom.

MIND team perform epitaxy of low dimensional hetero-structures, quantum 1D wires, dots (QD), Quantum well (QW), Complex Quantum Wells QQW -Type-II strained layer super-lattice (SLS) and Digital alloys (DA). Fabricate detectors working in NIR to LWIR wavelength regime for sensing, detection, thermal imaging.

Ongoing research projects (~£1M):

1)  EPSRC funded Monolithic On-chip Integration of Electronics & Photonics Using III-nitrides for Telecoms

2) Innovate UK funded -Quantum Electro-optic Detector Technology (QuEoD)

3) Horizon 2020 EU funded- MSCA-ITN-2020- Innovative Training Network - QUANTIMONY-Quantum Semiconductor Technologies Exploiting Antimony

4) EPSRC GCRF-IAA funded. Photo-electro-catalytic (PEC) reactor and testing different photo-active catalysts for degradation of recalcitrant organic pollutants from wastewater

(News) (News-1) (News-2) -


a) A.D.E (Advanced Detectors Epitaxy) Laboratory

ADE laboratory has state-of-the-art Veeco Gen 930 MBE reactors dedicated to III-As(Sb) epitaxy with triple-zone valve group V crackers equipped with 3” substrate heater with 12000C  temperature operation and ~ 2-degree control. The reactors also ideally suited for undertaking the growth of novel Bi, N containing dilute bismides, dilute Nitrides and highly mismatch alloys (HMA). A Pananlytical XPert high-resolution x-ray diffractometer (HRXRD) with fast 8-inch wafers reciprocal space maps (RSM) capability.

b) A.D.C (Advanced Detector Characterisation) Laboratory

ADC laboratory host a complete detector characterisation facility with electrical characterisation tools (picoammeter, LCR meter, semiconductor device analyser, spectrum, and network analysers, noise figure meters and 50 GHz network analyser), FTIR-PL and photo-response set-up and a cryogenic probe station.

Academic Collaborators

Prof Diana Huffaker (Cardiff University, UCLA and UTA)

Prof. Anthony Krier (Lancaster University),

Prof John David (University of Sheffield),

Prof Gerald Stuart Buller (Heriot Watt University)

Prof Tao Wang (University of Sheffield)

Prof Robert Martin (University of Strathclyde)

Prof. Amalia Patane (University of Nottingham)

Prof Stephen Sweeney (University of Surrey).

Prof Peter Smowton (Cardiff University)

Prof Peter Hargrave (Cardiff University)

Prof Hartmut Grote (Cardiff University)

Prof Min Gao (Cardiff University)

Prof Mario Capizzi (Sapienza University of Rome)

Dr Stefan Heun(NEST, Istituto Nanoscienze-CNR and Scuola Normale Superiore, Italy)

Prof Philip Cohen (University of Minnesota)

Dr Baolai Liang (UCLA)

Prof Luke Mawast (University of Wisconsin)

Dr Juan Pereiro Viterbo (Cardiff University)

Professor Gao Min - People - Cardiff University

Dr Qiandong Zhuang (Lancaster University)

Dr Ian Sandall (University of Liverpool)

Dr Ata Khalid (Cranfield University)

Dr Sachin Nanawati (Super Computing Wales, Cardiff University)

Prof. S.M.Shivarasad.Director kshead  

Prof Rajendra Singh (Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi)

Prof Shiv govind Singh (Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad)

Prof Rajakumar A (Indian Institute of Technology, Kharaghphur)

Prof Subhabrata Dhar (Indian Insittute of Technology, Mumbai)

Industrial Collaborators

Asahi Kasei Microdevices Corporation, Japan.

Leonardo MW Ltd, UK.

Photon Force Ltd, UK


IQE PLC Europe

Compound Semiconducator Application Catapult (CSCA) -UK

Veeco Inc, USA

Geo Semiconductors, UK


I am interested in supervising PhD students in

UV-VIS, NIR, MWIR and LWIR III-Nitrides, III-Antimonides and novel dilute materals.

i)   Detectors - Photodiodes, Avalanche Photodiode (APD), Single Photon Avalanche Photodiodes (SPAD)

ii)  Low dimensional quantum hetero-structures - Resonant Tunnel Diodes (RTD)

iii) Thermophotovoltaic (TPV) and solar thermophotovoltaic (SPTV) 

Current supervision

Dhafer Alshahrani

Research student

Dominic Kwan

Dominic Kwan

Research student

Jamal Ahmed

Research student

Paradeisa O' Dowd Phanis

Paradeisa O' Dowd Phanis

Research student

Past projects

MSc/MPhys Project PXT999 and Year 4 Project PX4310


8) Main supervisor for Khaya Mtunzi - Project: Morphological Analysis of Gallium Nitride Nanowall Network on Silicon substrates (MSc degree awarded 2020). 

7) Main supervisor for Paradeisa O'Dowd Phanis - Project: Type-II InAs/InAsSb Superlattice Long-wave Infrared Detectors (MSc degree awarded 2020). 

6) Main supervisor for Joshua Hickman - Project: Understanding formation mechanisms and characterisation of GaN nanowires on Si(001) and Si(111) substrates. (MPhys degree awarded 2020). 


5) Main supervisor for Cian Pari - Project: Characterisation and Analysis of InAs/GaSb Type-II Superlattice- Mid-Wavelength Infrared Detectors (MPhys degree awarded 2019). 

4) Main supervisor for Cobi Maynard- Project: GaN nanostrucutres on Silicon for optoelectronics (MPhs degree awarded 2019). 

Year 3 - Project (PX3315)


3) Main supervisor for Oliver Pinna Project-GaN nanowires: uncovering their formation mechanisms to achieve high effciency nitride LEDs.

2) Main supervisor for Alfie Ross- Project- A study of GaN nanostructures on Silicon for optoelectronics


1) Main supervisor for Edward Spendlove- Project: A Study of GaN nanostructures on Silicon for optoelectronics