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Dr Manoj Kesaria

Dr Manoj Kesaria

Senior Lecturer
Condensed Matter and Photonics Group

Room N/0.09 Queen's Building, The Parade, CF24 3AA and Room 1.05 in TRH and , Translational Research Hub, Maindy Road, Cathays, Cardiff, CF24 4HQ
Available for postgraduate supervision


M.IN.D (Manoj Infrared Detector's) foundry

Centre for research and development of low-dimensional heterostructures & quantum materials for detectors 

MIND foundry is a research and development (R&D) team. We work on group III-Nitride (GaN based) and III-Antimonide (GaSb based) quantum materials for infrared detectors spanning  from 1 µm (SWIR) to 14 µm (LWIR) wavelength range.

If you are interested in collaborating with the MIND foundry, please contact me...


Outreach talk: College Lecture: Dr Manoj Kesaria | Howell's Co-ed College (

Guest editor (MK) - Scientific Reports - Collection - "Superlattices and Multilayers" Superlattices and Multilayers (


Senior Lecturer/Associate Professor (August 2021 onward)

Lecturer/Assistant Professor (July 2018 - July 2021)

Group leader of the M.IN.D foundry (July 2020 onward)

CMP group outreach representative.

My Expertise:

Device Epitaxy: Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) for the growth of GaN and GaSb based alloys, low dimensional quantum hetero-structures for near and mid-infrared emitters and detectors.

Device Fabrication: III-Sb based LED, resonant tunnelling diodes (RTD), photodiodes, avalanche photodiodes (APD) and linear array.

Honours and awards

2021-  Fellowship of Higher Education Academey (FHEA), U.K., awarded by Advanced Higher Education Academy, UK.

Professional memberships

Member of IOP

Member of IEEE

Academic positions

2018– 2021: Lecturer/Assistant Professor, School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University.

2013–2018: Senior Research Associate at Lancaster University & University of Sheffield.

2012–2013: Research Scientist, University of Houston, Texas and Integrated Micro Sensors Inc (Houston)

2008–2012: Senior Research Fellow and Research Associate, International Centre for Material Science, JNCASR, Bangalore, India

2006–2008: Junior Research Fellow, National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi, India

I have worked as a senior research assocate on EPSRC projects (prior to 2018)

EP/J015849/1 “InAsNSb Dilute Nitride Materials for Mid-infrared Devices & Applications”

EP/M013707/1 “TPVs for Waste Heat Recovery in Energy Resilient Manufacturing”.

EP/N020715/1 “Realising a solid-state photomultiplier and infrared detectors through bismide containing semiconductors”.

Speaking engagements

2022- Invited talk- Emerging type-II superlattice (T2SL) for infrared detectors

Industry Technology Program - Photon 2022 (IOP), Nottingham, U.K. Photon 2022

2021- Invited talk- Emerging III-Antimonides for infrared detection

Symposium- Compound Semiconductor (CS) and devices 

IWPSD 2021- XXI International Workshop on Physics of Semiconductor Devices, Delhi,IIndia
14 - 17 December, 2021. IWPSD 2021 (online)

2020: Invited talk -On-chip monolithic Integration of III-Nitrides lasers and photodiode for telecoms 


IEEE-ICEE 2020- 5th International Conference on Emerging Electronics, Delhi, India, 26-28, Nov, 2020. ICEE 2020 (online)

Committees and reviewing

Guest editor - Scientific Reports - Collection - "Superlattices and Multilayers" Superlattices and Multilayers (

Editorial board Member- Nanotechnology- Scientific Reports. Editors | Scientific Reports (

Co-guest editor: IET special issue on " Semiconductor Integrated Opto-Electronics 2022 (SOE 2022)

Grant reviewer, EPSRC (2018 onward)

Jounral reviewer (2013 onward):

  1. Nature research journal: Scientific reports (Editorial Board Member- Physics- Nanotechnology)
  2. AIP journals: Applied Physics Letters, Journal of Applied Physics, AIP Advances, Journal of Vaccum Science and Technology (B),
  3. IOP journals: Materials Research Express and Semiconductor Science and Technology
  4. Springer journals: Journal of Material Science, Nanoscale Research Letters and
  5. Wiley’s Physics Status Solidi B: Basic Solid State Physics.
















I am a fellow of higher education academy (FHEA), UK.

Module Organiser (MO)- Low Dimensional Semiconductor Devices (MPhys + MSc- PX4221+ PXT 126 )- L7

Deputy Module Organiser (DMO)-  Semicondcutor Devices and Applications (PX 3242)- L6

Instructur- Introduction to Compound Semiconductor Photonics (CN0114).

Year 4 (MPhys)/MSc Research Project (PX4310/PXT999)

Year 3 undergraduate physics project (PX3315)

Year 1 Tutor

M.I.N.D (Manoj Infrared Detector's) foundry is a team of:

Crystal growers: Utilize the state-of-the-art Veeco Gen 930 Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) for developing the epitaxy of novel Compound Semiconductors materials and devices.

Device fabrication experts: Design, simulate, model and fabricate detectors in single-pixel and array format using  a class 10, 100 and 1000 cleanroom.

MIND team perform epitaxy, theoritical simulation, fabrication/processing of low dimensional hetero-structures, quantum 1D wires, dots (QD), Quantum well (QW), Complex Quantum Wells CQW -Type-II strained layer super-lattice (T2SL) and Digital alloys (DA). Fabricate detectors working in NIR to LWIR wavelength regime for sensing, detection, thermal imaging.

Ongoing research projects:

1)  EPSRC  Monolithic On-chip Integration of Electronics & Photonics Using III-nitrides for Telecoms

2) Innovate UK -Quantum Electro-optic Detector Technology (QuEoD)

3) Horizon 2020 EU- MSCA-ITN-2020- Innovative Training Network - QUANTIMONY-Quantum Semiconductor Technologies Exploiting Antimony


a) A.D.E (Advanced Detectors Epitaxy) Laboratory- E 0.16, Queen's Building, Cardiff, CF24 3AA.

ADE laboratory has state-of-the-art Veeco Gen 930 MBE reactors dedicated to III-As(Sb) epitaxy with triple-zone valve group V crackers equipped with 3” substrate heater with 12000C  temperature operation and ~ 2-degree control. The reactors also ideally suited for undertaking the growth of novel Bi, N containing dilute bismides, dilute Nitrides and highly mismatch alloys (HMA). A Pananlytical XPert high-resolution x-ray diffractometer (HRXRD) with fast 8-inch wafers reciprocal space maps (RSM) capability.

b) A.D.C (Advanced Detector Characterisation) Laboratory- 

T- 1.22, Translational Research Hub, Maindy Road, Cathays, Cardiff, CF24 4HQ

ADC laboratory host a complete detector characterisation facility with electrical characterisation tools (picoammeter, LCR meter, semiconductor device analyser, spectrum, and network analysers, noise figure meters and 50 GHz network analyser), FTIR-PL and photo-response set-up and a cryogenic probe station.


I am interested in supervising PhD students who are interested in

UV-VIS to LWIR III-Nitrides, III-Antimonides and novel dilute materals.for-

i)   Detectors - Photodiodes, Avalanche Photodiode (APD), Single Photon Avalanche Photodiodes (SPAD)

ii)  Low dimensional quantum hetero-structures

iii) Thermophotovoltaic (TPV) and solar thermophotovoltaic (SPTV)

Open PhD position (for UK students only)

Development of nanoporous GaN on Silicon substrate for optoelectronic devices at Cardiff University on

Current supervision

Dhafer Alshahrani

Research student

Dominic Kwan

Dominic Kwan

Research student

Paradeisa O' Dowd Phanis

Paradeisa O' Dowd Phanis

Research student

Past projects

PhD 2023 


 Presently working at Leonardo, Southhampton, U.K.

MSc Project PXT999 and Year 4 MPhs Project PX4310

2020 - 2021

11) Project supervisor for Alfie Ross- Project: III Nitrides nanostructures for energy harvesting

MPhys 2021.  Presently a PhD student at University of Sheffield, Sheffield

10) Project supervisor for George Brown- Project: GaN Nanowires For Hydrogen Production Via Solar Water Splitting

MPhys 2021. Working at SPTS Technologies Ltd.

9) Project supervisor for Ann-Kathrin Holzmann Project: Assessing the suitability of InGaN NW for use in PEC cells

MSc 2021. Working at SPTS Technologies Ltd.


8) Project supervisor for Khaya Mtunzi - Project: Morphological Analysis of Gallium Nitride Nanowall Network on Silicon substrates

MSc  2020. Presently a PhD student (CS manufacturing-CDT) at Univesity College London.

7) Project supervisor for Paradeisa O'Dowd Phanis - Project: Type-II InAs/InAsSb Superlattice Long-wave Infrared Detectors

MSc  2020. Presently a PhD student (CS manufacturing-CDT) at Cardiff University.

6) Project supervisor for Joshua Hickman - Project: Understanding formation mechanisms and characterisation of GaN nanowires on Si(001) and Si(111) substrates.

MPhys 2020. 


5) Project supervisor for Cian Pari - Project: Characterisation and Analysis of InAs/GaSb Type-II Superlattice- Mid-Wavelength Infrared Detectors

MSc 2019. 

4) Project supervisor for Cobi Maynard- Project: GaN nanostrucutres on Silicon for optoelectronics

MPhys 2019. Presently a PhD student (CS manufacturing-CDT) at Cardiff University.

Year 3 - Project (PX3315)


3) Project supervisor for Oliver Pinna Project-GaN nanowires: uncovering their formation mechanisms to achieve high effciency nitride LEDs.

2) Project supervisor for Alfie Ross- Project- A study of GaN nanostructures on Silicon for optoelectronics


1) Project supervisor for Edward Spendlove- Project: A Study of GaN nanostructures on Silicon for optoelectronics