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Dr Job Van Der Schalk

Dr Job Van Der Schalk


School of Psychology

+44 (0)29 2087 6904
Tower Building, 70 Park Place, Cardiff, CF10 3AT

Research summary

Broadly speaking, my research investigates displays of emotions as communicative signals that have social meaning.

In my current project with prof. Tony Manstead we investigate how reactions to emotional displays of others are related to cooperative and/or competitive behaviour.

Teaching summary

I supervise the final year research projects of several undergraduate students, I lecture on moderation and mediation in the Postgraduate Research Design and Statistics course, and I lecture on Social Psychology in the free-standing module PS1106 "General Psychology".

Undergraduate education

I received my pre-doctoral degree (MSc) in Psychology at the University of Amsterdam. The thesis of my degree was supervised by Dr. Bianca Beersma.

Postgraduate education

I received my doctoral degree (PhD) at the same university, with Agneta Fischer, Bertjan Doosje, and Daniel Wigboldus (Radboud University Nijmegen) as my supervisors.


I am currently employed as a Research Associate at the School of Psychology, Cardiff University.

Honours and awards

Awards/external committees

I am a member of Cardiff University’s School of Psychology Research Staff Association, representing Early Career Researchers within the School. As part of this I co-organized a careers event for early career researchers in psychology.

I am the organizer of the weekly meetings of Tony Manstead’s research group.

I was a co-organizer of the bimonthly interdisciplinary meetings “Human Face Animation and Perception” at Cardiff University.

I was a member of the ASPO (Dutch Association of Social Psychology Research) Dissertation Prize committee in 2006 and president of this committee in 2007.

For my pre-doctoral thesis I was awarded the David Lennep prize by NSVP in 2004.









Research topics and related papers

My current project is concerned with the question of how reactions to emotional displays of others are related to cooperative and/or competitive behaviour. My supervisor and collaborator on this project is Prof. Tony Manstead with Dr. Martin Bruder (University of Konstanz) as an external advisor. This project is part of the European Collaborative Research Network “The Social Dimension of Emotion Regulation” (ECRN-SoDiER).

I obtained my doctoral degree at the University of Amsterdam with a dissertation that investigated how automatic reactions to emotional displays of others are influenced by how these others are categorized in terms of group membership. Our studies showed that people are more likely to converge to emotions of individuals with which they share group membership, while they may diverge from emotions of individuals with which they do not share group membership. These automatic reactions in turn predict feelings of affiliation with these other persons. Taken together these results suggest that displays of emotions bring people together when they share group membership, but drive them apart when they do not (Van der Schalk, Fischer, Doosje, Wigboldus, Hawk, Rotteveel, & Hess, 2011).

As part of my thesis, I developed a new stimulus set of emotional displays with my colleague Skyler Hawk, the Amsterdam Dynamic Facial Expression Set (ADFES). The ADFES is distinct from previous existing sets in that the displays are dynamic films rather than static photos, it consists of displays of nine different emotions, directedness of expression is emphasized with an active head-turn, the displays are portrayed by 22 models (male and female), and the models are from North-European and Mediterranean descent. A validation study showed that the ADFES received excellent recognition rates (Van der Schalk, Hawk, Fischer, Doosje, 2011). The ADFES is freely available for researchers upon request.


Together with Dr. Andrew Aubrey (COMSCI) we received funding to support research staff interdisciplinary activities from Cardiff University for our project “Human Face Animation and Perception Network” (£791.25)

I have been awarded a EUROCORES Short-Term Visit Grant for a visit to the Charité institute in Berlin to develop an experiment with neuroscientists Prof. Henrik Walter and Dr. Ullrich Wagner (€1.540).

Research group

Supervisor: Prof. Tony Manstead
Research group: Emotion and Social Identity

Research collaborators

Martin Bruder (University of Konstanz)
Bertjan Doosje (University of Amsterdam)
Agneta Fischer (University of Amsterdam)
Skyler Hawk (Utrecht University)
Shaul Shalvi (University of Amsterdam)
Jean Louis van Gelder (Netherlands Institute for the study of Crime and Law Enforcement)
Gerben van Kleef (University of Amsterdam)
Henrik Walter (Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin)
Ullrich Wagner (Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin)
Daphne Wiersema (University of Amsterdam)