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 Tina Schmieder

Tina Schmieder

Research student, Welsh School of Architecture


Tina Schmieder gained professional experience working in the finance, real estate and energy industries in Germany and the UK before focusing on her academic work.

She holds a BA in International Business from the University of Hull and an MSc in Sustainability from the University of Leeds. Having worked as a research assistant at the Sustainability Research Institute in Leeds, she was involved in the Land of the MUSCos project, focusing on sustainable infrastructure operations and governance.

Tina then worked in a project management and consulting position, where she was closely involved in the allocation of public sector funding for energy efficiency measures to SMEs in Yorkshire, in the form of environmental reviews and ERDF grant funding support. Her current research interests at the Welsh School of Architecture combine her background and experience in business and sustainability and apply these to the built environment, specifically the domestic property sector in the UK. Her PhD project is EPSRC-funded and closely linked to the Retrofit 2050 project.

Selected publications

  • Roelich, K., Schmieder, T., Steinberger, J., Knoeri, C. (2013) The role of governance in accelerating transition towards more integrated, service-oriented infrastructure operation, Conference Paper, presented at IGov Workshop Theorising Governance Change for a Sustainable Economy
  • Roelich, K., Schmieder, T., Steinberger, J., Knoeri, C. (2012) Resource Efficient and Service Oriented Infrastructure Operation, The Role of Multi-Utility Service Companies in Driving Change towards Sustainable and Resilient Urban Infrastructure Systems, Conference Paper, presented at 1st International Conference on Urban Sustainability and Resilience 2012 at University College London



Urban Retrofit and Financial Innovation - Decarbonising the UK domestic building stock

The PhD project aims to investigate the possible transition to a decarbonisation of the UK domestic housing stock through deep retrofitting. In particular, it will research the role of finance as a barrier or enabler to domestic deep retrofitting schemes and investigate the importance of financial innovation for systemic retrofitting in the UK.

Currently, the UK has to manage an ageing building stock, and the housing sector accounts for roughly 40% of the country's energy consumption. The transition to an energy-efficient housing stock could take the form of systemically retrofitting the existing properties to achieve a decarbonisation of the housing sector. Eames (2011) defines sustainable urban retrofitting as a "directed alteration of the fabric, form or systems which comprise the built environment in order to improve energy, water and waste efficiencies" (p.2). Achieving the highest possible carbon reduction, however, is likely to require technology-intensive retrofit schemes which are often cost-intensive. In particular, the study is interested in the role of deep retrofitting (40% to 80% of CO2 reduction) rather than shallow retrofitting (10% to 30% of CO2 reduction) (Jones et al 2013), and will consider how to overcome the current lack of funding for deep retrofit, and how deep retrofit schemes may be scaled up within a low carbon transition.

Ultimately, the project endeavours to provide a typology of financial innovations and an assessment of their applicability for systemic and sustainable retrofit in the UK, particularly for scaling up deep retrofit of domestic properties, to accelerate the transition to an energy-efficient and low-carbon housing sector and eventually, to a low-carbon economy in the UK.