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 Suzanna Nesom

Suzanna Nesom

Research student, Cardiff Business School

Overview

I am an PhD student in Economics, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council in collaboration with Chwarae Teg, Wales’ leading women’s charity.


I’m an applied microeconomist who’s interested in spatial and gender inequality. My research mainly focuses on regional differences in the Gender Pay Gap in Britain, although I am also interested in the impact of different national/devolved policies on gender labour market outcomes.


Alongside my PhD studies, I have also worked for the GW4 Pay Equality Consortium, researching the impact of Covid-19 on the Gender Pay Gap and written an evidence briefing on well-being and the impacts of Covid-19 and Brexit for Welsh public services to support them in conducting their well-being assessments as part of the Well-being of Future Generations (Wales) Act.  


I completed my MSc in Economics at Cardiff University, my MA in Contemporary European Studies at the University of Bath, Charles University (Prague) and the Humboldt University (Berlin), and my Undergraduate at the London School of Economics in Geography with Economics.


Previously, I worked at the Wales Centre for Public Policy, where I worked on a range of Welsh Government and Public Services assignments, including gender equality, loneliness and trade unions. I also completed a Blue Book Traineeship in the External Relations Section of the European Economic and Social Committee in Brussels, where I worked on Trade Agreements and the accession of the Western Balkans to the EU, as part of the EU’s legislative process.

Research

Research interests

Primary Research interests



  • Labour Economics

  • Feminist Economics

  • Microeconomics

  • Public Policy



    Prior Publications


    O’Hagan, A. & Nesom, S. (Forthcoming). Watching the Neighbours: Gender Budgeting in Scotland and Wales. Public Money & Management Special Issue.


    Nesom, S. & MacKillop, E. (2020). What matters in the implementation of sustainable development policies? Findings from the Well-Bring of Future Generations (Wales) Act, 2015. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning.


    Teaching


    BS2547 British Economy


    BS1551 Microeconomics

    Thesis

    Why does the Gender Pay Gap Vary Across Areas in Wales?

    Gender differences in labour market outcomes (earnings, employment, career progression, etc.) are persistent and pervasive feature of labour markets in Britain. These differences have attracted significant policy attention; most recently, the Equality Act 2010 (Gender Pay Gap Information) Regulations 2017, which requires employers with 250 or more employees to annually publish six Gender Pay Gap measures.


    My PhD aims to contribute to understanding the drivers of these gender difference, by analysing their regional aspect. The research applies econometric analysis to secondary data to answer the following research questions:



    1. Why does the gender pay gap vary across regions in Britain?

    2. How does the Childcare Offer for Wales influence the labour market outcomes (labour force participation, hours, pay) of eligible parents, particularly mothers?

    3. To what extent are gender differences in commuting behaviours drivers of the gender pay gap in Britain?


    The research uses data from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings and the Annual Population Survey, as they provide comprehensive information on the structure and distribution of earnings in Britain. The latter also includes local sample boosts, which enables more robust analysis at local levels. Decompositions will be used to decompose the difference between male and female wages into an explained and unexplained part. The latter is usually referred to as an upper bound measure of discrimination, as this term will also include gender differences in unobserved characteristics (e.g. preferences). Difference-in-differences frameworks will also be used to exploit the staggered geographical rollout of the Childcare Offer for Wales.


    The aims of the research are:



    1. To measure and model the contemporary GPG in the UK and its regions and nations. To identify and distinguish between explained and unexplained components of the GPG between regions to form an estimate of wage inequality and identify gender differences in personal and work-related characteristics as drivers of GPG regional variation.

    2. To explore the impact of childcare policies on parental labour market outcomes. To further quantify the extent these policies impact on GPGs.

    3. To use and discuss the merits of recent econometric methodologies that estimate the impact of treatments with staggered timings.

    4. To contribute to the emerging literature on commuting by estimating its impact on the GPG in the context of Covid-19.


    Throughout the PhD, feedback will be sought from Chwarae Teg (the collaborators) to ensure the findings are relevant, accessible and disseminated widely. Possible outputs include blogs, presentations, briefings and conference papers.  

    Funding source

    Economic and Social Research Council

    Supervisors

    Melanie Jones

    Professor Melanie Jones

    Professor of Economics

    Ezgi Kaya

    Dr Ezgi Kaya

    Senior Lecturer in Economics