Myfyriwr ymchwil, Ysgol Cynllunio a Daearyddiaeth
- Adeilad Morgannwg, Rhodfa’r Brenin Edward VII, Caerdydd, CF10 3WA
Mae'r cynnwys hwn ar gael yn Saesneg yn unig.
Karolina Rucinska is a PhD student and a research assistant at Cardiff University. As a PhD researcher she looks at the creation of the first GM farm animal intended for human consumption and environmental protection - the Enviropig - to analyse the role of biotechnological innovations and scientific expertise performed in the laboratories for animal farming. Previously, in her MSc thesis, informed by STS literature of embodied knowing, she explored public understanding of the Enviropig in a focus group setting. Her thesis was presented at the annual 4S Conference in Copenhagen 2012.
She has completed various projects concerned with implementation of farm animal welfare legislation in the UK.
June 2016 – I took part in a roundtable discussion Can meat-eating be sustainable? The politics of eco-carnivorism hosted by Canadian Political Science Association (CPSA) Environmental Studies Association of Canada (ESAC), Calgary, Canada
June 2016 – I took part in live Canadian radio show discussing the role of biotechnology in livestock, phone intervie
May 2016 – I took part in a Philosophy Café debate on GM foods at Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
Nov 2014 – I gave a guest tutorial about doing research on contested topics to MSc students at University of Toronto, School of Geography and Planning, Toronto, Canada
In 2014 and 2015- I gave guest lectures on technological approaches to animal farming to MSc students at Cardiff University; School of Geography and Planning, Cardiff, UK
Animal geographies, history and philosophy of science, embodiments, animal farming and consumption, animal welfare.
The Enviropig effects. Geographies of science study of biotechnological innovation enactments in animal farming
Starting Date: January 2013
Completion Date: July 2017
This research asks what is the role of biotechnological innovations in shaping human- nonhuman animal relations in the case of farming and how they are affecting the understanding of environmental sustainability of animal farming.
This research project is placed within the context of the rise in biotechnological innovations in animal farming. It focuses on the example of the Enviropig - the name given to a new generation of pigs developed through transgenic techniques at the Guelph University, and approved for production under strict conditions in Canada - that aims to reduce phosphorus pollution and production costs whilst remaining edible by consumers. This research project aims to explore the origins of the Enviropig, as an example of a genetic advancements in livestock (Morris and Holloway, 2009), to discuss controversies surrounding it and understand its possible implications for animal farming. Ultimately it aims to provide a comprehensive study of a technology, which enables intensification of livestock through genetics while promising environmental sustainability, in order to influence an international agricultural policy.
Methods and critical approach:
My approach to the analysis of the biotechnological innovations in animal farming is based on insights from Science Technology and Society (STS) and more specifically material semiotic and actor-network-theory (ANT) approaches (Haraway, 2007, Latour 2003, 2005) and animal geography, especially the theoretical framework ‘more-than-human’ proposed by Sarah Whatmore (2002), Steve Hinchliffe, 2007, Mara Miele, 2011 and Gail Davies, 2013 among others. This approach focuses on social practices and by displacing the human as the sole ‘social actor’ endowed with agency argues that the larger material and semiotic world(s) are shaping each other. I intend to trace the complex relations that contributed to the realization of the Enviropig, the first transgenic farm animal, by attending to the participation of the farm animals, the laboratories, the scientists, the NGOs as well as the policy makers, and farmers in Canada through a combination of participant observations and in depth interviews.
My interest in this area and the contribution you hope to make:
My MSc thesis addressed the public acceptability of biotechnological innovations with specific reference to transgenic farm animals. Now, with my PhD project I aim to provide an original contribution to Animal Geography and enrich Science, Technology and Society studies (STS) by researching farm animal biotechnologies currently under-examined in these two fields of academic knowledge. In thinking about the rise of biotechnological innovations in livestock there is a relatively low interest of this rise in critical literature. Unlike the existing literature (with few notable exceptions) centred on biotechnology’s economic; environmental, ethical impacts; my research focuses on a specific area i.e. human-animal-technology relationship. Building on the works of geographers and sociologists of science my research emphasises that understanding of this relationship comprehensively is crucial to policy makers; farmers and general public in deciding on the future of animal farming. In so doing my research will have policy recommendations i.e. how to assess novel animal biotechnologies and how to foster science-policy-public dialogue.
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