Ewch i’r prif gynnwys
 Fredric Morgan Windsor

Fredric Morgan Windsor

Myfyriwr ymchwil, Ysgol y Biowyddorau

Mae'r cynnwys hwn ar gael yn Saesneg yn unig.

Research Overview:

Providing a fusion of population, community and food web ecology, in conjunction with aspects of other disciplines such as toxicology, my work looks to provide an ecologically driven, yet interdisciplinary assessment of aquatic ecosystems at a range of spatial and temporal scales. Specific themes include:

  1. Ecotoxicology of river ecosystems
  2. Hydroecology of high latitude river ecosystems
  3. The ecology of aquatic invertebrates

Degrees / Qualifications:

  • BSc Geography, University of Birmingham (2011-2014)
  • MSc River Environments and their Management (2014-2015)
  • PhD, Cardiff University (2015- )

Current responsibilities:

  • Cardiff University Water Research Institute (Water URI) Early Career Researcher Member (2015- )
  • Chair of Committee, Speaking of Science Conference (2016)

Past responsibilities:

  • Student Representative within the Staff-Student Committee for the School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of Birmingham (2014-2015)

Professional affiliations:

  • Associate Member, Royal Society of Biology (2015- )
  • Member, British Hydrological Society, (2014- )
  • Member, British Ecological Society (2014- )
  • Member, Society for Freshwater Science (2016- )
  • Member, Fisheries Society of the British Isles (2016- )
  • Member, International Society of Limnology (2016- )
  • Member, Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (2016- )
  • Member, Essex Wildlife Trust (2009- )
  • Member, Wetlands and Wildfowl Trust (2016- )



  • Windsor, F M., Grocott, M T., & Milner, A M. (In Review) An inter-catchment assessment of macroinvertebrate communities across groundwater-fed stream systems within Denali National Park, interior Alaska. Hydrobiologia.

Conference Proceedings:

  • Windsor, F M., Grocott, M T., & Milner, A M. (2016) Upcaling hydroecological understanding in groundwater-fed stream systems in Denali National Park, interior Alaska. Society for Freshwater Science Annual Meeting – Running on Empty.


Having previously studied at the University of Birmingham, completing both the Geography BSc and River Environments and their Management MSc, I have moved to Cardiff in order to study the effects of xenobiotic pollutants on riverine food webs across river ecosystems in south Wales. My interests span all organisms occupying or utilising aquatic environments. Research to date has focused on several themes within aquatic ecosystems, including; invertebrate, community and food web ecology.


Current and recent sponsors/partners include:

  • Natural Environment Research Council (PhD funders)
  • British Ecological Society
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
  • Natural Resources Wales
  • The Environment Agency
  • Dwr Cymru Welsh Water


  • WA Cadbury Award in Geography (2014)
  • British Hydrological Society Scholar (2014-2015)

Diddordebau ymchwil

Research Overview

Having previously worked at the University of Birmingham, I came to Cardiff to complete a PhD on the transfers and effects of persistent pollutants in freshwater ecosystems. During my time at Birmingham and Cardiff I have developed a range of interests relating to the ecology of river systems, with specific focuses on community- and food web-level processes. Over this time we have collated evidence on a range of pollutants, including showing for the first time the entrance of microplastics into the basal levels of river food webs. The major focus on ecosystem-scale processes forms the basis for my work, beit investigating persistent pollutants in lowland river systems or the processes responsible for structuring communities in terrestrial ecosystems.


Hydroecology of high latitude river systems

Starting off as a ecologist interested in the invertebrate communities of high latitude stream systems in Alaska, I continue to work on the relationships between hydrological and ecological systems within these iconic stream systems. Collaborating with researchers at the University of Birmingham, University of Leeds and Coventry University we have begun to build evidence surrounding the response of these systems to climate change.

Transfer and effects of persistent pollutants in freshwater

Persistent pollutants continue to present an ecological risk to UK river systems. During my PhD I investigated the spatial distribution, source-dynamics, biological transfers and potential ecological effects of pollutants across South Wales. This research provides some of the only evidence indicating the effects of persistent pollutants at community- and food web-levels, as well as demonstrating the potential for trophic cascades within natural systems.

Microplastics in river ecosystems

As well as persistent organic pollutants, microplastics were detected during my PhD work in south Welsh river systems. This work provided some of the first assessments of microplastics in UK river systems, prompting a review of evidence by the Climate Change, Environment and Rural Affairs Committee of the National Assembly for Wales. We continue to investigate the interactions between organisms and plastics within freshwater ecosystems.


Current and recent sponsors, partners and collaborators include:

  • Natural Environment Research Council (GW4+ Studentship)
  • Natural Resources Wales
  • The Environment Agency
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
  • British Ecological Society
  • National Park Service (USA)
  • United States Geological Survey (USA)
  • The National Assembly for Wales


Windsor, F.M. (2014). A multi-scalar analysis of habitat characteristics associated with the Noble Chafer beetle Gnorimus nobilis in south Worcestershire. Worcestershire Record, 37, 54-66.ISSN: 1 1475-9616

Windsor, F.M., Grocott, M.T. & Milner, A.M. (2017). An inter-catchment assessment of macroinvertebrate communities across groundwater-fed stream systems within Denali National Park, interior Alaska. Hydrobiologia, 785, 373-384. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-016-2944-y

Windsor, F.M., Ormerod, S.J. & Tyler, C.R. (2018). Endocrine disruption in aquatic ecosystems: Upscaling research for addressing ecological consequences. Biological Reviews. 93: 626-641. DOI: 10.1111/brv.12360

Gordon, T.A.C., Harding, H.R., Clever, F.K., Davidson, I.K., Davison, W., Montgomery, D.W., Weatherhead, R.C., Windsor, F.M., Armstrong, J.D., Bardonnet, A., Bergman, E., Britton, J.R.,Côté, I.M., D'agostino, D., Greenberg, L.A., Harborne, A.R., Kahilainen, K.K., Metcalfe, N.B., Mills, S.C., Milner, N.J., Mittermayer, F.H., Montorio, L., Nedelec, S.L., Prokkola, J.M., Rutterford, L.A., Salvanes, A.G.V., Simpson, S.D., Vainikka, A., Pinnegar, J.K., & Santos, E.M.(2018) Fish in a changing world: Past successes and future challenges. Journal of Fish Biology. 92, 804-827. DOI: 10.1111/jfb.13546

Windsor, F.M., Tilley, R.M., Tyler, C.R. & Ormerod, S.J.(2018). Microplastic ingestion by riverine macroinvertebrates. Science of the Total Environment. 646, 68-74. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.271


University of Birmingham

  • Remote sensing of the Cryosphere (2014-2015)

Cardiff University

  • Statistical methods for Biologists (2016-2017)
  • Ecosysystem Processes (2015-2018)
  • Freshwater aquatic ecology field course (2017)
  • Water Security Massively Open Online Course (2018)

Traethawd ymchwil

The transfers and effects of persistent organic pollutants in freshwater food webs

Ffynhonnell ariannu