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Preparatory work relating to this project includes a wide range of activities. A British Academy Small Grant enabled the Professor Williams to undertake two visits to North America 2007-8, whilst a leave of absence from Cardiff University enabled him to locate himself from October 5th-December 10th 2009 in the office of the Canadian Commissioner of Official Languages, Ottawa, interacting with staff and conducting interviews with Federal Supreme Court judges and personnel, constitutional lawyers, community activists and academics on the operation of the Canadian model.

Previously, Williams’ membership of the Welsh Language Board, role in advising government and in outlining various models by which the Language Commissioner's functions could be determined gives an unparalleled preparation for this research.

The UK Parliament commissioned Mac Giolla Chríost as an expert advisor to the Welsh Affair’s Select Committee which determined upon the devolution of powers in this area [(Legislative Competence) (Welsh Language) Order 2009] to the National Assembly for Wales while Williams acted as an expert witness to the National Assembly for Wales Committee which examined the subsequent Language Measure in 2010.