Law and Sociology (LLB)
The Law and Sociology programme is taught in collaboration with the School of Social Sciences, which is an established centre for teaching and researching Sociology.
Cardiff Law School is committed to providing an outstanding teaching and learning experience that is underpinned by excellent research activity. We attract students from all over the world and offer a friendly, supportive and culturally diverse environment in which to study. We are the only Russell Group University to offer both courses required to qualify as a barrister or solicitor - the Bar Professional Training Course and the Legal Practice Course. The Law and Sociology programme is taught in collaboration with the School of Social Sciences, which is an established centre for teaching and researching Sociology.
We are committed to supporting our students in developing their employability skills and have our own dedicated Careers Consultant at hand two days a week on site in the Law building.
The LLB Law and Sociology programme is both challenging and stimulating and enables you to build the skills required for a career in law or a wide range of professions. In addition to the foundation modules constituting the academic stage of training that is necessary to become a solicitor or barrister in England and Wales, known as the ‘Qualifying Law Degree’, we offer a wide selection of optional modules which cover traditional and contemporary legal subjects. We also offer the opportunity to study law through the medium of Welsh.
Country specific guidance for international students can be found on the Law School’s web pages.
Cardiff Law School offers a range of extra-curricular activities, some unique to this university, which equip our students with a competitive edge over other law graduates.
Pro Bono Scheme*
We work in partnership with lawyers, charities and voluntary organisations to give our students the opportunity to practise and extend their skills.
Our two most established schemes are our Innocence Project (which is to date the first university Innocence Project in the UK to successfully overturn a guilty verdict) and our NHS Continuing Healthcare Scheme, which is unique to Cardiff.
Both initiatives have won prestigious national awards and help by assisting members of the community and vulnerable groups with matters for which there is in reality no legal aid.
Our students can also work on issues that affect disabled children, through our partnership with the charity Cerebra. Or, if a commercial scheme is of interest, then students can apply for a place on our scheme with the Welsh Rugby Union, where we advise amateur rugby clubs on legal issues.
*Places on Cardiff Law School’s pro bono schemes are not guaranteed. Students generally submit an application for a place from their second year onwards.
Our students are able to enter annual mooting competitions which give them an opportunity to present legal issues before a judge, against an opposing counsel.
This activity provides students with invaluable experience of public speaking in court. Students are often required to provide evidence of their advocacy experience when applying for roles after leaving University so mooting is a great skill to be able to add to your CV.
Client Interviewing Competition
Cardiff Law Students are encouraged to take part in an annual client interviewing competition, sponsored by Irwin Mitchell solicitors.
Those that take part gain crucial experience interviewing and counselling in a simulated setting. Students are assessed against specific criteria which include interpersonal skills as well as their ability to handle legal problems.
The prime aim of this competition is to promote the development of lawyers' soft skills and to enable Law students to practise them at a high level. The Cardiff team won the International Competition in Hawaii in 2005!
Information on Sociology
Sociology has been described as a theoretical and empirical investigation of the relationship between ‘personal troubles and public issues’. It is a discipline (increasingly interdisciplinary in nature) dedicated to the study of social life as found organised in groups, institutions and societies. Indeed, sociology provides critical tools for handling the analysis of all aspects of social conduct, from the intricacies of face-to-face interaction to the ways in which economic forces shape and are shaped by global society. In addressing these concerns sociology develops and adopts a wide range of methods from observational and ethnographic through to statistical and historical research and, of course, research that combines the strengths of different approaches.
This may make sociology appear vague in its remit and enterprise. This breadth of topic – matched by that of sociological theory and method – is, however, a reflection of the complexities of social life. Sociology is an incredibly vibrant and relevant discipline focusing upon changing societies and making critical descriptions and interventions in the relationship between society and, for example, emergent technologies and formations (social media and digital society, urban governance and vulnerability, and medicine and bio-science) and the (re)production of pervasive inequalities (in the workplace, in relation to cultural practice and consumption and contemporary experiences and stratification of ‘race’ and ethnicity, gender and the life-course). Sociology at Cardiff is characterised by rigorous theoretically informed empirical research.
|Accreditations||Solicitors Regulation Authority (SRA)|
|Typical places available|
|Typical applications received|
|Scholarships and bursaries||http://www.cardiff.ac.uk/scholarships|
|Typical A level offer||AAA-AAB or AABB-ABBBThere are no specific subject requirements. It is not necessary to have A-level Law and we do not require students to sit the LNAT test. However, A-levels must include a minimum of two traditional academic subjects. Please see our admissions and selection pages for more information. General Studies is not accepted.|
|Typical Welsh Baccalaureate offer||Grade A in the Core and grades AA at A-level.|
|Typical International Baccalaureate offer||34 points, including 6,6,5 at higher level.|
|Other qualifications||Applications from those offering alternative qualifications are welcome. Specific admissions and selection criteria for this degree programme can be found online.|
Please see detailed information about alternative entry requirements here.
|QAA subject benchmark|
The LLB descriptors relate to the Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education [QAA] levels 4, 5 and 6.
Mrs Catherine Cobley , Course Administrator
Mrs Linda Bailey , Admissions Tutor
Dr Nicholas Bailey , Admissions Tutor
A particular strength of the Law and Sociology programme is the wealth of opportunities it provides to engage with cutting-edge research in law and related disciplines; allowing you to critique established and developing bodies of law.
Across the programme the importance of understanding law in its social context is emphasised. The programme also provides students with a thorough grounding in contemporary sociological theories, methods and debates.
This is a full-time, three-year Honours degree programme. Academic years consist of two semesters and you are required to pursue modules to the value of 120 credits in each year of your studies. During the course of your degree, you will be able to take the Foundations of Legal Knowledge modules that constitute the qualifying law degree (http://www.law.cf.ac.uk/degreeprogrammes/ug/faq.html#QLD)
Modules offered by the School of Social Sciences draw upon a wide range of qualitative, observational, statistical, historical and comparative data and methods to investigate the nature of human social life.
In each of Years Two and Three students pursue modules amounting to 120 credits, 80 of which will be chosen from the list of optional law modules available for that year of study; this list is kept under review on an annual basis in light of factors such as staff resources and student demand. The remaining modules will be chosen from the list of options for Sociology. The final Honours classification is based on the examinations taken in Years Two and Three.
|Module title||Module code||Credits|
|Land Law ||CL5201||20 credits|
|Tort ||CL5202||20 credits|
|Discrimination and Law ||CL5205||20 credits|
|Law and Religion ||CL5211||20 credits|
|Land Law ||CL5301||30 credits|
|Tort ||CL5302||30 credits|
|Discrimination and Law ||CL5305||30 credits|
|Labour Law||CL5310||30 credits|
|Law and Religion ||CL5311||30 credits|
|Sociology of Law||CL5312||30 credits|
|Human Rights Law||CL6308||30 credits|
|Commercial Law||CL6313||30 credits|
|Cyfraith Tir ||CL5221||20 credits|
|CAMWEDD ||CL5222||20 credits|
|Cyfraith Tir ||CL5321||30 credits|
|CAMWEDD ||CL5322||30 credits|
|Public International Law||CL5219||20 credits|
|Media Law ||CL5318||30 credits|
|French Law I||CL5255||20 credits|
|French Law II||CL5256||20 credits|
|Law and Literature||CL5220||20 credits|
|Welsh Devolution||CL5223||20 credits|
|Datganoli yng Nghymru||CL5224||20 credits|
|Research in Law: Methods and methodologies||CL5319||30 credits|
|Environmental Law & Justice||CL6327||30 credits|
|German Law I||CL5257||20 credits|
|German Law II||CL5258||20 credits|
The LLB Law and Sociology degree offers a fully structured curriculum that that enables you to develop knowledge and legal skills in each year of study. Our overall objective is to encourage you to become an independent learner, able to undertake and understand new legal challenges and to respond to them effectively.
You will be taught through a combination of lectures, tutorials and seminars.
Lectures take a range of forms but generally provide a broad structure for each subject, introduce key concepts, and convey relevant up-to-date information. Students also have access to recorded versions of lectures.
Tutorials and seminars provide you with the opportunity to discuss particular legal themes or topics, to consolidate and get feedback on your individual learning and to develop skills in oral presentation. Communication skills are developed in tutorials, where pre-allocated tasks can include individual contributions to group study, for example by summarising a particular judgment or article for the group. You will practise and develop legal, intellectual and presentational skills by participating in diverse learning activities, such as solving legal problems, small-group discussions, debates, moots, oral presentations, independent research tasks and written assignments. You will also enhance your team-working skills.
During the academic year, you will be required to complete formative and summative assessments. Formative work does not count towards your final module mark and is designed to assist you in achieving the learning outcomes for individual modules and improve your ability to perform well in summative assessment (which does count towards your final module mark). Modules are summatively assessed by way of examination or coursework or by a combination of the two. The format of coursework varies, encompassing standard essays, extended essays, portfolios of work produced across a whole academic year and written solutions to legal problems.
We provide students with frequent feedback on their work. This comes in a variety of formats including oral feedback during tutorials, personalised feedback on written work, feedback lectures and generic written feedback.
All modules within the Law programme make extensive use of the University’s Virtual Learning Environment, Learning Central, on which you can access discussion forums and find course materials including recordings of lectures, links to related materials, multiple-choice tests, past exam papers and examples of student work from previous years.
In 2013/14, 96% of the School's graduates who were available for work reported they were in employment and/or further study within six months of graduation.
Students who have chosen to work immediately following their degree have obtained roles as Negotiators, Paralegals, Remortgage Handlers and Lawyers with Law firms such as Hugh James Solicitors, Admiral Law, Abbleby Global and NHS Wales Legal and Risk Services.
However, a Law degree doesn’t restrict graduates to careers within the legal profession, and each year a number of Law graduates enter roles as diverse as Debt Adviser, Sales and Marketing Co-ordinator, Digital Content Manager and Recruitment Consultant with organisations such as Citizens Advice Bureau, Electronic Arts, Global3digital ltd and Page Personnel Finance.
School of Social Sciences
In 2013/14, 95% of School of Social Science graduates who were available for work reported they were in employment and/or further study within six months of graduation.
Cardiff Law School will be running four applicant open days open to all UK or EU applicants who are made a conditional or unconditional offer to study on one of our undergraduate courses.
Attending an applicant open day is the best way to learn more about our degree programmes and sample what life is like in Cardiff. You will have the chance to speak with students and lecturers and will hear all about the extra-curricular opportunities and Pro Bono schemes that our students take part in.For more information about our applicant open days or to find out how to register for an event please see our Open day Information page.
Cardiff Law School Pro Bono Unit – Law in the Real World
We are committed to extending extracurricular opportunities to our students, helping to enhance their CVs in a competitive graduate job market. We work in partnership with lawyers, charities and voluntary organisations to give students the opportunity to practise and extend their skills.
Pro Bono is the term that lawyers use for free legal advice. We run several Pro Bono schemes and provide advice to members of the community on different legal issues.
For more information on our pro bono schemes please see our website.
Cardiff Law School Innocence Project works with long-term prisoners maintaining their innocence of serious crimes such as murder, serious assault and sexual offences. The aim is to prevent miscarriages of justice in which an individual could have been wrongfully convicted.
Students work under the supervision of qualified barristers, investigating the cases and submitting them to the Criminal Cases Review Commission. Cardiff is a very active Innocence Project, and has submitted six cases to the CCRC, one of which has been referred to the Court of Appeal.
Julie Price, head of the Pro Bono Unit, interviews a student about the Innocence Project.
NHS Continuing Healthcare Scheme
Under this scheme, we address the issue of NHS Continuing Health Care funding. This is an increasing problem nationwide which affects a vulnerable section of the community, predominantly those suffering from Alzheimer's Disease and other forms of dementia. Such individuals may find themselves in nursing homes, paying their fees privately, where arguably they are entitled to have the cost of their care met in full by the NHS.
Students are trained in this niche area of law, and are allocated work in 'firms' of six students. They are supervised by legal professionals from Hugh James solicitors in Cardiff, and work involves client interviews, letter writing, and research.
Pamela Coughlan was at the centre of a landmark case in 1999, in which she successfully secured NHS funding for her care.
Welsh Rugby Union Project
Working in partnership with the Welsh Rugby Union, students provide a free legal advice service to Welsh rugby clubs below the Principality Premiership. Legal issues faced by clubs include employment of staff, maintenance of the grounds, health and safety and much more.
The Scheme is supported and underwritten by Hugh James solicitors, and Civitas barristers' chambers. Students also work collaboratively to produce information leaflets covering legal issues that clubs face.
Find out more about WRU scheme.
Cerebra Legal Entitlements Research Project
Students working on this project research the law relating to disabled children and provide advice to families of disabled children facing disputes over their health and social care entitlements.
The research project was set up in conjunction with international children's charity Cerebra, who refer cases to the project. Students are supervised by law school staff and the work is underwritten by practising solicitors.
One of our students talks about her experience of the Cerebra scheme.
Hafal Appropriate Adult Scheme
Hafal is Wales' leading mental health charity, and they train students to work as 'Appropriate Adults', to support vulnerable adults being interviewed at a police station having been arrested. Once trained, students volunteer to be on a rota to be called into police stations across South Wales.
The Personal Support Unit
The Personal Support Unit (PSU) supports litigants in person, witnesses, victims, their family members and supporters. It provides free, confidential, independent, non-legal support to clients, to help them through the court process. The PSU trains students to assist litigants at the Civil Justice Centre in Cardiff.
QAA subject benchmark
|QAA subject benchmark|
The LLB descriptors relate to the Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education [QAA] levels 4, 5 and 6.
What are the aims of this Programme?
The LLB Law and Sociology programme is designed to be both challenging and stimulating and to enable students to develop a core base of legal knowledge, explore a variety of specialist legal subjects and build the skills required for a career in law and a wide range of professions. The programme also provides students a thorough grounding in contemporary sociological theories, methods and debates. All students on the programme are able to complete the foundation modules that constitute the academic stage of training that is necessary to become a solicitor or barrister in
What is expected of me?
Students are expected to attend all lectures and are required to attend all tutorials. Tutorials provide students with the opportunity to discuss particular legal themes or topics, to consolidate and get feedback on their individual learning and to develop skills in oral presentation. Students are expected to engage fully in tutorials. Although tutorials will normally only take place on two days per week, students are expected to engage in independent study of at least 20-25 hours per week in addition to attending tutorials and listening to lectures.
Students are expected to adhere to the Cardiff University policy on Dignity at Work and Study.
How is this Programme Structured?
In each year of the programme, students are required to take modules to the value of 120 credits, which will be made up of 80 credits in Law and 40 credits in Sociology in year one and between 60 (minimum) and 80 (maximum) credits in Law in years two and three, with the remaining credits being taken in Sociology in each year. Modules are taught through a combination of lectures, tutorials and seminars, amounting to approximately ten to twelve hours a week of formal teaching. This, of course, will be supplemented by independent research and study through which students will acquire more advanced knowledge and understanding.
Students take four compulsory 20 credit Law modules and two compulsory 20 credit modules in Sociology in Year 1, none of which count towards the final degree classification. In Years 2 and 3, modules are chosen from a range of options in both Law and Sociology, including those required for legal practice in the UK.
Will I need any specific equipment to study this Programme?
Students do not require any specific equipment to study this programme.
What skills will I practise and develop?
Within the curriculum, students will be developing their ability to undertake independent learning and also enhancing their team-working skills. Communication skills are developed in tutorials, where pre-allocated tasks can include individual contributions to group study, for example by summarising a particular judgment or article for the group. Legal studies in general develop the ability to organise facts and ideas in a systematic way, identifying relevant principles and evaluating these in order to formulate advice for a client or a legal argument as appropriate. Writing legal essays not only develops communication skills but also the ability to argue in an objective, reasoned, professional manner, with due regard to authority and acceptable citation methods.
Outside the curriculum students are able to develop wider “employability” skills through participation in pro-bono schemes run by the Law School with partner organisations, in which student volunteers assist real people in their dealings with the law. The schemes currently include:
- the Innocence Project, (dealing with alleged miscarriages of justice);
- the NHS Continuing Healthcare Scheme, (challenges to NHS healthcare funding assessments);
- the Asylum Justice Scheme, (volunteering at asylum clinics/training as accredited advisors);
- the Personal Support Unit – (supporting people involved in the court system);
- the Appropriate Adult Scheme – (supporting vulnerable adults in police stations); and
- the Rugby Union Project – (providing legal advice and legal newsletters to rugby clubs).
Other activities available in the Law School include mooting, negotiating and client interviewing competitions and legal discussion groups.
How will I be taught?
Students are taught through a combination of lectures, tutorials and seminars, amounting to approximately ten to twelve hours a week of formal teaching. This, of course, will be supplemented by independent research and study through which students will acquire more advanced knowledge and understanding.
Students studying the LLB programme can expect to utilise a wide range of sources, such as reports of court cases, statutes, policy documents, academic journals and research studies. They practise and develop legal, intellectual and presentational skills by participating in diverse learning activities, such as solving legal problems, small-group discussions, debates, moots, oral presentations, independent research tasks and written assignments.
How will I be assessed?
Modules are summatively assessed by way of examination or coursework or by a combination of the two. The format of coursework varies, encompassing standard essays, extended essays, portfolios of work produced across a whole academic year and written solutions to legal problems. Examinations typically take place during the summer examination period. Coursework is submitted on designated dates during the academic session.
During the academic year, students will be required to complete various pieces of formative work which are designed to assist them in achieving the learning outcomes for individual modules and improve their ability to perform well in summative assessment. Formative work might be written or oral and may be submitted formally to a tutor or presented during tutorials or seminars. Preparation for formative work will normally be done during students’ independent study time. Feedback on formative work is given frequently and in a wide variety of formats and is intended to help students identify strengths and weaknesses in their learning, as well as giving indications of how they might improve in their performance in summative assessments.
Alternative provision may be made for students with disabilities.
Students will receive feedback in their law modules in a variety of ways. After each tutorial cycle a guidance note will be posted on Learning Central for each module. These feedback notes are not a replacement for student preparation or participation in the tutorials and will be a supplement to your participation in tutorials. Tutorial feedback notes may cover a variety of areas including:
- feedback on performance in seminars across the groups;
- highlighting particularly pertinent issues students should focus on preparing for summative assessments;
- clarifying common areas of concern or errors;
- outlining areas not covered during the tutorials which are raised on the tutorial handouts
Formative coursework will be marked by your module tutor and will normally be returned within four teaching weeks. Your tutor will give you written feedback on your work; the purpose of this feedback is to guide you in your studies, enable you to improve your performance and it will address your understanding of the topic or problem, the strength of your analysis, and the quality of your research and other transferable skills. Tutors will also provide a feedback class after each formative assessment that will focus on skills and substantive content. Individual feedback on examination scripts is only available to students who have failed the module. However, students will be given general feedback in relation to examinations following the May/June examination period and you will be able to discuss your overall performance with your personal tutor as part of the monitored student self-assessment scheme.
How will I be supported?
All modules within the programme make extensive use of Cardiff University’s Virtual Learning Environment, Learning Central, on which students can access discussion forums and find course materials including recordings of lectures, links to related materials, multiple-choice tests, past exam papers and examples of student work from previous years. We provide students with frequent feedback on their work. This comes in an array of formats (including oral tutor feedback during tutorials, personalised feedback on written work, feedback lectures, generic written feedback and feedback on tutorial performance). This feedback is intended to help students reflect on their performance and identify things they can do in order to improve.
All students will be allocated a personal tutor who will not only assist with reflection on performance on the course but also advise on study techniques, module selection and career planning (in conjunction with the University’s Career Service) and provide a first point of contact when difficulties are experienced.
An extensive programme of careers lectures and workshops is delivered within the School and an in-house Law Careers Consultant is available.
A range of staff are available to provide further support, including an academic support tutor, a pro-bono scheme co-ordinator and specialist law librarians. A member of academic staff acts as a designated Disability and Diversity Officer and ensures that reasonable adjustments are made for students with disabilities.
What are the Learning Outcomes of this Programme?
A Knowledge and understanding
- Describe the main principles, values, institutions and processes of the legal systems in England and Wales and the European Union
- Where appropriate, demonstrate awareness of the impact of relevant international law on the laws of England and Wales and outline alternative models of legal regulation with reference to the laws of other jurisdictions
- Describe and explain the main principles, values and rules of the primary areas of substantive law of the legal system of England and Wales
- Explain the relationship between an existing body of law and relevant political, economic, social and cultural issues and outline how these factors contribute to contemporary legal debates
- Explain the political, legal, social and/or philosophical context of the evolution of a particular body of law
- Give an explanation of the meaning of complex legislation and identify its doctrinal implications
- Provide a summary of a complex body of case law and identify the legal principles arising from it
- Explain the meaning and significance of a range of primary and secondary legal materials, academic research and commentary.
- Explain key concepts and theoretical approaches in Sociology.
B Intellectual skills
- Apply knowledge of legal rules and principles to propose solutions to doctrinal problems of varying complexity
- Evaluate the doctrinal coherence and significance of a body of statutes and/or case law
- Evaluate the success and/or shortcomings of an area of law in relation to policy perspectives and wider social/contextual issues and identify areas where law reform might be needed
- Evaluate law reform proposals in a way which demonstrates sound understanding of current legal problems, sensitivity to law’s social, cultural and political context and awareness of international legal obligations
- Relate a piece of academic writing or research to a contemporary legal debate and evaluate its strengths and weaknesses with reference to other supportive materials
- Use official publications, academic research and commentaries presented in a variety of formats in the construction of an argument relevant to a contemporary legal debate
- Discriminate between primary and secondary materials, with reference to their authority, relevance and objectivity
- Through independent research, identify appropriate primary and secondary legal sources, research and commentary and apply them in written work or an oral presentation
- Evaluate sociological theories and assess them in relation to evidence.
C Practical skills
- Locate a variety of primary and secondary materials in both paper and electronic format
- Identify and access up-to-date legislation and case law on a legal issue
- Use appropriate databases to find academic research and commentary of relevance to a topic for the purposes of supplementing reading lists and taught materials
- Produce written work, in a variety of formats, which is accurately informed, coherently written and structured, and appropriately referenced in accordance with OSCOLA guidance
- Give a clear, confident and informed oral presentation or oral response to a question on a taught or independently researched legal topic in a manner that would be appropriate for a professional environment.
- With support, propose appropriate discussion questions for a tutorial or seminar group study of a topic and manage a short group discussion of those questions
- Undertake and understand the value of comparative analysis.
D Transferrable Skills
- Effectively communicate information and ideas, both orally and in writing, at a level which demonstrates accurate and clear use of the English language
- Prepare and give an oral presentation and provide clear and accurate supporting materials in an appropriate format.
- Take responsibility for structuring, managing and reporting, orally and/or in writing, a small research project
- Contribute constructively and reliably to a group task
- Effectively manage time and conduct self-directed study in the context of a structured timetable, prescribed learning activities and task deadlines
- Reflect on their own learning, identify gaps in their knowledge and plan strategies for closing those gaps
- Make use of both oral and written feedback, including feedback obtained through tutor assessment, self assessment and peer assessment
- Use subject specific electronic sources and Virtual Learning Environments
- Use electronic methods for research and demonstrate general competency in IT skills when preparing and presenting written material
As students progress through the three years of the degree the depth and breadth of their studies will increase. Our overall objective is to encourage students to become independent learners, able to undertake and understand new legal challenges and to respond to them effectively.
After graduation, you have the option to proceed directly to the vocational stage of training for the legal profession in England and Wales: the Bar Professional Training Course or Legal Practice Course, both of which can be undertaken at Cardiff Law School through our Centre for Professional Legal Studies. The Legal Practice Course has consistently received the SRA/Law Society’s highest rating. There are also opportunities for postgraduate study to LLM and PhD standard.
Mrs Catherine Cobley , Course Administrator
Mrs Linda Bailey , Admissions Tutor
Dr Nicholas Bailey , Admissions Tutor
Key Information Sets (KIS) make it easy for prospective students to compare information about full or part time undergraduate courses, and are available on the Unistats website.