Earth and Ocean Sciences

Learn more about the modules study abroad students can take at the School of Earth and Ocean Sciences.

Module codeEA2101
LevelL5
SemesterAutumn Semester
Cerdits10

This 10 credit Year 2 module is designed to introduce students to the wide variety of site investigation techniques applied to the collection of field data including surveying and remote sensing.  The module also covers statistical techniques of data analysis and the skills required in report writing.

To prepare the student to undertake independent fieldwork, involving knowledge and understanding of:

  • Field sampling, measurement and recording techniques;
  • Desk study methods and assessment of data quality;
  • Remote sensing techniques and application.
  • Integration of field and literature data in the context of the regional settings;
  • Adherence to laboratory and field codes of conduct;
  • Statistical analytical techniques.
  • To be able to visualize information clearly and concisely by appropriate means.

Assessment

  • Practical-based assessment: 40%
  • Written assessment: 60%
Module codeEA2106
LevelL5
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

Palaeoecology is the study of relationships between fossil biota and their physical, chemical and biological environments. This module investigates the principles and methods used to interpret the life habits of extinct organisms, and to analyse interactions in past communities and ecosystems. It analyses the nature and veracity of the fossil record, and explores the use of fossils in reconstruction of past environments. Studies of evolutionary palaeoecology follow the changing temporal relationships between organisms, their life habits and communities in response to the evolving biosphere and environment.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 20%
  • Written assessment: 10%
  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
Module codeEA2107
LevelL5
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

This module investigates the wide variety of geophysical methods that are used to explore the sub-surface of the Earth, both in academic studies and for commercial natural resource exploration. Geophysical exploration methods will be related to the fundamental physical properties of natural Earth materials. The fundamental physical principles underlying each method will be discussed and the equipment employed. The suitability and limitations of methodologies to a wide variety of exploration targets will be evaluated. Techniques of geophysical data acquisition, processing and interpretation will be studied.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 35%
  • Report: 15%
  • Examination - spring semester: 50%
Module codeEA2108
LevelL5
SemesterAutumn Semester
Cerdits10

Structural geology is the study of geological structures caused by deformation. This module focuses on describing and interpreting geological structures, and their integration into regional scale processes.

AIMS

  • To be able to describe the structures and geometry of deformed rock bodies
  • To understand how the geometry of deformed rock bodies is related to their evolution in three dimensions through time and space
  • To develop a simple understanding of the mechanics of rock deformation
  • To place structural observations and interpretations in tectonic context

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 15%
  • Practical-based assessment: 15%
  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
Module codeEA2109
LevelL5
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

The aim of this module is to understand the principles of plate tectonics and geodynamics through application of a broad variety of geological and geophysical techniques.

Assessment

  • Practical-based assessment: 10%
  • Practical-based assessment: 10%
  • Examination - spring semester: 80%
Module codeEA2110
LevelL5
SemesterAutumn Semester
Cerdits10

This is a lecture-based module focussing on the chemistry of the Earth’s surface, the global element cycles and the driving chemical, physical, geological and biological processes. The module focuses on aquatic environments: Oceans, estuaries, lakes and rivers and the underlying sediments. 

Assessment

  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
  • Written assessment: 15%
  • Practical-based assessment: 15%
Module codeEA2111
LevelL5
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

This level two module provides an overview of metalliferous resources, building materials and industrial minerals. It examines ore deposit models, recognition of ores in hand specimen, economics of different commodities and briefly touches on evaluation of ores, mining methods and mineral processing.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 20%
  • Presentation: 10%
  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
Module codeEA2112
LevelL5
SemesterDouble Semester
Cerdits20
  • To provide students with a detailed knowledge of the processes involved in the ocean / atmosphere system.
  • Show how the laws of physics can be applied to the ocean and atmosphere.
  • Develop the ability to be able to interpret relevant charts and data.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 15%
  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
  • Written assessment: 15%
Module codeEA2113
LevelL5
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

This module covers the subject of geoecology, the interrelated fields of geoscience and ecology. The module will explore the main contributing components of pedology (soil science) and vegetational distribution (phytosociology), largely in a UK context. Important components include soil derivation, structure and chemistry, soil fertility, vegetational classification and measurement, and the effects of slope, altitude and aspect on soils and vegetational systems. The module has a strong emphasis on field application and training. The student will learn pedological and ecological field techniques and complimentary analytical and numerical skills.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 30%
  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
Module codeEA2114
LevelL5
SemesterDouble Semester
Cerdits20

This module covers the branch of applied sciences which deals with the measurement and description of the physical features of oceans, seas, coastal areas, lakes and rivers.  for the primary purpose of safety of navigation.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 20%
  • Report: 30%
  • Report: 50%
Module codeEA2115
LevelL5
SemesterAutumn Semester
Cerdits10

The emphasis of this module is to introduce the student to the interaction between ecosystems and the biota within each ecosystem type, the adaptations and acclimations of fauna and flora to their environment and the interactions between taxa. Concepts of productivity, resource dependent control, trophic cascade, biodiversity and biomass, evolutionary adaptation, acclimation, ecosystem types, species succession and zonation, key species analysis, bioengineers, habitat and conservation quality will be covered.

Assessment

  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
  • Written assessment: 30%
Module codeEA2116
LevelL5
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

This module addresses key aspects of pollution science, providing an overview and insight into the characteristics and impacts of a range of pollutants, including heavy metals, hydrocarbons, halogenated hydrocarbons and radioactivity. The module covers the main principles of pollution science, illustrates pathways, transport, dispersion and behaviour of pollutants within a range of environmental media.  It also briefly explores the scientific basis of a selection of pollution control measures.

Module aims:

  • to equip students with an understanding of the main principles of pollution science
  • to provide an introduction to the characteristics and main impacts of a selection of pollutants
  • to illustrate pathways, transport, dispersion and behaviour of pollutants within a range of environmental media
  • to provide students with a  basic understanding of the scientific basis of pollution control

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 15%
  • Report: 15%
  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
Module codeEA2124
LevelL5
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

This Year Two module covers the fundamental areas of metamorphic petrology, focusing on controls on regional and contact metamorphism, deformation and metamorphism, geothermobarometry, radiometric age dating and meteorite impact rocks. It will provide the knowledge and understanding to enable a greater appreciation of how tectonics and pressure have shaped, and continue to shape, the fabric of our planet. The practical aspects of this module will enable the development of such skills as: the petrographic identification, in both thin section and hand specimen, of common minerals found in metamorphic rocks; the graphical representation and interpretation of petrological data and the use of petrographic information to help elucidate tectonomagmatic processes.

Assessment

  • Examination - spring semester: 60%
  • Practical-based assessment: 40%
Module codeEA2125
LevelL5
SemesterAutumn Semester
Cerdits10

This Year 2 module covers the fundamental areas of igneous petrology, such as mineralogy, volcanology, geochemistry, volcanic hazards, magma chamber processes, mantle melting, and radiometric age dating. It will provide the knowledge and understanding to enable a greater appreciation of how magmatism and volcanic processes have helped shape, and continue to shape, our planet. The practical aspects of this module will enable the development of such skills as: the petrographic identification, in both thin section and hand specimen, of common minerals found in igneous rocks; the graphical representation and interpretation of geochemical data and the use of petrographic information to help elucidate tectonic and magmatic processes.

Assessment

  • Practical-based assessment: 25%
  • Examination - spring semester: 75%
Module codeEA2130
LevelL5
SemesterAutumn Semester
Cerdits10

This module advances on the GIS material taught in year 1; providing the basis to allow students to produce real-world GIS projects in other spatial modules and projects.  This includes teaching on using leading GIS software, including extensions, tools and editing.  The module also provides students with further knowledge and understanding of GIS theory and practice.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 25%
  • Written assessment: 75%
Module codeEA2134
LevelL5
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

This second-year module uses seven marine and coastal case studies from around the world to introduce students to the concept of coupled human–environmental systems. Core case studies will include the Pacific island of Nauru; Atlantic cod fishing; beach replenishment in the US and Holland; the Bay Islands in California; the port of New Orleans, Louisiana; offshore windfarm development; hypoxic nearshore "dead zones"; and the Maldives. With an emphasis on developing students' writing skills, module content will include synthesis of primary and secondary sources, and address marine and coastal activities in the broader context of common-pool resources and social-ecological systems.

Assessment

  • Examination - spring semester: 60%
  • Written assessment: 15%
  • Written assessment: 25%
Module codeEA2135
LevelL5
SemesterDouble Semester
Cerdits20

This double module investigates the processes of creation (weathering and soil control), transport and deposition of siliciclastic, volcaniclastic and carbonate sediments, their lithification, and the patterns of their expression in time and space (stratigraphy) and landscape (geomorphology). It is taught through lectures, practical classes and two day field trips. The course is examined by three assessed practicals and a final examination.

Assessment

  • Practical-based assessment: 10%
  • Written assessment: 10%
  • Written assessment: 10%
  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
Module codeEA3101
LevelL6
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

This Year 3 optional single module covers the fundamental principles and methods used in igneous petrology through a study of: trace elements; isotopes and geochronology; ocean island basalts; continental flood basalts, oceanic plateaus, island arcs, active continental margins, mantle sources and phase diagrams.  It will also provide an overview of recent and current research literature.  The practical aspects of this module will enable the development of such skills as: the use of spreadsheets to manipulate, model and plot geochemical data, the use of geochemical and petrographic information to help elucidate magmatic processes.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 20%
  • Examination - spring semester: 80%
Module codeEA3102
LevelL6
SemesterAutumn Semester
Cerdits10

Much of our understanding of the past behaviour of oceans, and the interaction of oceans with global climate, is derived from the study of marine microfossils - this understanding is key to placing modern environmental changes into context.  The object of this module is to explore the palaeobiology and palaeoecology of the major microfossil groups that are used for past ocean and climate reconstructions, including how they are analysed as proxies for parameters such as sea surface temperatures, ocean pH, ocean circulation and sea ice extent.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 30%
  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
Module codeEA3103
LevelL6
SemesterAutumn Semester
Cerdits10

This module is driven by the following question; How do climate and tectonics interact to create the world on which we live? We will use global examples to explore the range of processes that govern the distribution and creation of global landscapes.  The evolution of global landscapes has been discussed by geoscientists for over 100 years. We will journey through different landscape evolution theories and how they relate to modern geomorphic research.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 5%
  • Written assessment: 5%
  • Examination - spring semester: 60%
  • Written assessment: 30%
Module codeEA3106
LevelL6
SemesterAutumn Semester
Cerdits10

This module will focus on UK and international marine conservation issues and in particular will assess the quality and type of scientific data used to underpin conservation management and policy. The range of tools available for conservationists will be examined and knowledge and understanding of the fragility of the marine environment and the threats, whether natural or man induced, will be extended. The students will have the opportunity for discussion and debate on topical aspects of marine conservation.

Assessment

  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
  • Report: 10%
  • Report: 20%
Module codeEA3107
LevelL6
SemesterAutumn Semester
Cerdits10

This Final Year single module provides an overview of the application of meteorological and oceanographic data, forecasts and services to current issues and selected industries.  It provides an understanding of relevant scientific principles and techniques, and explores their uses in the decision making process using modern industrial practices and current issues as case studies.  In addition it examines the role the marine environment can have in contributing to the renewable energy resource.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 30%
  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
Module codeEA3108
LevelL6
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

This module examines a range of applied topics in environmental geoscience and their impact on society. 

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 25%
  • Presentation: 5%
  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
Module codeEA3110
LevelL6
SemesterAutumn Semester
Cerdits10

This module outlines the basis of environmental management, providing insight into the objectives and principles of current European and UK environmental policy and management practice.  It exposes students to a selection of traditional, regulatory instruments designed to protect environmental quality as well as presenting an overview and evaluation of a range of other evolving techniques and approaches to environmental management and stewardship. The role and application of science within environmental management and policy is demonstrated throughout the module.

Aims:

  • To provide an insight into the objectives, principles and development of European and UK environmental policy and management practice
  • To present an overview and evaluation of a selection of the most commonly used environmental management techniques
  • To introduce the student to the key characteristics of a selection of legal and economic instruments designed to protect environmental quality.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 10%
  • Examination - spring semester: 50%
  • Report: 30%
  • Written assessment: 10%
Module codeEA3114
LevelL6
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

This module provides a broad understanding of the development and objectives of Integrated Coastal Management (ICM), particularly within the context of European and UK experiences.  It discusses the most significant trends, current and future issues facing a selection of coastal and estuarine areas.  It describes and analyses the effectiveness of the most common institutional arrangements employed for managing coastal and estuarine areas and introduces a range of techniques commonly employed in ICM programmes.  Finally, an overview of the main components of coastal and estuary management programmes is provided, with particular reference to UK and US experiences.

Aims:

  • To outline the objectives and development of Integrated Coastal Management (ICM)
  • To provide a critical review of the common institutional arrangements for managing coastal areas
  • To evaluate the potential and application of a selected management techniques commonly employed in ICM programmes.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 10%
  • Examination - spring semester: 50%
  • Report: 30%
  • Written assessment: 10%
Module codeEA3117
LevelL6
SemesterAutumn Semester
Cerdits10

This module provides an overview of surface and groundwater systems through an understanding of the hydrological cycle; the relationship between surface water resources, their management and control; the relationship between geology and aquifer properties and the occurrence of groundwater; the principles of groundwater flow, including flow to wells; water quality and contaminant hydrogeology; the sustainability of water supply.

Assessment

  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
  • Written assessment: 18%
  • Written assessment: 12%
Module codeEA3118
LevelL6
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

This module will advance understanding of sedimentary processes and products and how these make up clastic and carbonate sedimentary environments and sequences. The module aims to develop critical thinking skills when applying stratigraphic and sediment provenance methods to modern and ancient outcrop and subsurface datasets, including boreholes and reflection seismic data. Case-studies will include shallow to deep marine settings where scientific drilling or hydrocarbon exploration occurs at present.

Assessment

  • Class test: 15%
  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
  • Written assessment: 15%
Module codeEA3119
LevelL6
SemesterDouble Semester
Cerdits20

This Year 3 module reviews the origins of sedimentary basins and the controls on the nature of their sedimentary fills, with emphasis on the factors influencing the formation and trapping of oil and gas. It introduces the techniques used in subsurface exploration and in the evaluation of hydrocarbons. The integrative nature of hydrocarbon exploration and evaluation is a major theme running throughout the course and students will appreciate the types of skills needed, and the challenges provided by careers in the oil and gas industry.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 20%
  • Examination - spring semester: 80%
Module codeEA3120
LevelL6
SemesterDouble Semester
Cerdits20

Marine Geomatics is a modern discipline, which integrates acquisition, modelling, analysis and management of spatially referenced marine data. This module involves using leading-edge technology which will appeal particularly to those who are looking to gain vocational skills and who are considering careers in the marine survey industry. 

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 20%
  • Examination - spring semester: 40%
  • Report: 40%
Module codeEA3123
LevelL6
SemesterAutumn Semester
Cerdits10

This module will introduce students to Engineering Geology. This is a challenging module examined entirely though coursework that requires teamwork and self-motivated learning to deliver work of professional standard.

Assessment

  • Practical-based assessment: 20%
  • Report: 30%
  • Written assessment: 25%
  • Written assessment: 15%
  • Oral/aural assessment: 10%
Module codeEA3124
LevelL6
SemesterDouble Semester
Cerdits20

This Year 3 double module provides an up-to-date overview of some of the main classes of ore deposit and the geological, physical and chemical processes that form them. It is in two, approximately equal, parts. The first (the ‘Ores’ part of the title) covers ore geology, petrology, exploration and evaluation, and includes a field excursion to the ore deposits of North and Central Wales. The second (the ‘Ore Genesis’ part of the title) covers the theory of ore-forming magmatic systems and the techniques needed to understand these systems, and includes a series of case studies on the genesis of some world-class ore deposits. 

Assessment

  • Practical-based assessment: 25%
  • Examination - spring semester: 50%
  • Practical-based assessment: 25%
Module codeEA3127
LevelL6
SemesterAutumn Semester
Cerdits10

This is an advanced course in the acquisition, evaluation and interpretation of palaeobiological information, focusing on the origins and diversifications of major groups, the biology of extinct organisms, macroevolutionary patterns, and organism-environment interactions over geological timescales. We demonstrate the breadth and scope of palaeobiology in the Earth Sciences by examining selected topics at an advanced level. Within the course outline, specific content each year will reflect both the expertise and interests of the staff delivering it and topical and up to date advances and discoveries. The student will undertake field and practical work.

Assessment

  • Report: 20%
  • Examination - spring semester: 65%
  • Written assessment: 15%
Module codeEA3129
LevelL6
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

This module covers the subject of biogeography, the study of past and present distribution of organisms. The module will encompass the past distribution of modern biomes with particular reference to their current extent. Evolutionary concepts of islandisation, isolation and vicarianism will be introduced together with details of modern and past examples. The module has a strong emphasis on literature research with particular reference to species distributions and the factors that restrict them. The student will learn the characteristics of global biomes including their climatology and pedology. Advanced ecological and evolutionary field techniques will be taught together with appropriate analytical skills.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 20%
  • Written assessment: 30%
  • Examination - spring semester: 50%
Module codeEA3131
LevelL6
SemesterAutumn Semester
Cerdits10

This year 3 module will introduce mechanics into structural geology, establishing a sound theoretical basis for understanding the origin of the structures that were described in the second-year structural geology subject. Displacements, strain and stress will be presented in the framework of continuum mechanics, and integrated through a consideration of rheology.

The student will be trained in state-of-the-art analytical methods for the processing and interpretation of data collected from a variety of structural environments.

Assessment

  • Examination - spring semester: 60%
  • Practical-based assessment: 20%
  • Report: 20%
Module codeEA3132
LevelL6
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

Aim of the module is to give an overview into the different ways microorganisms are involved in the global biogeochemical cycles, how they interact, and how they can use different chemical reactions to for survival and growth. This knowledge will be used to understand applied aspects of environmental microbiology such as microbially induced corrosion, waste water treatment or bacteria used for the leaching of ores.

Assessment

  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
  • Written assessment: 30%
Module codeEA3134
LevelL6
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

This module is designed to offer the non-law student an overview of the regulatory mechanisms in place for the protection of the environment. You will be introduced to the legal principles governing the protection of the environment and  examine the framework of national, European and international environmental laws regulating land use, nature conservation, environmental assessment, the pollution of water and air,  and the disposal of waste on land, amongst other. By the end of this module you should be able to identify the main regulatory instruments and approaches addressing a range of environmental issues and be familiarised and comfortable with legal concepts, liabilities and terminology.

Assessment

  • Examination - spring semester: 75%
  • Written assessment: 25%
Module codeEA3135
LevelL6
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

The aim of this module is to provide a multidisciplinary synthetic view of the broad-scale geological processes that constitute elements of the Solid Earth cycle and to show how these processes may be constrained by examination of natural examples ancient and modern.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 30%
  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
Module codeEA3138
LevelL6
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

In this module students undertake an individual research investigation into an aspect of earth sciences. Students will learn how to design and execute a research programme, leading to a report and research presentation.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 15%
  • Presentation: 15%
  • Written assessment: 70%
Module codeEA3139
LevelL6
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

We all live in a hazardous world, where our daily well-being is under constant threat from natural and man-made disasters.  Geoenvironmental disasters worldwide such as mudslides, erupting volcanoes, and earthquakes are regular components of the daily news.  An increasing awareness of our local and regional environment means that less dramatic issues such re-using brownfield sites and protecting areas of natural beauty or scientific interest are assuming greater importance.  Constantly improving technologies and better scientific understanding has resulted in greatly improved risk assessment, monitoring, mitigation, and disaster planning. 

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 30%
  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
Module codeEA4103
LevelL7
SemesterAutumn Semester
Cerdits10

All aspects of contaminated land will be addressed in this module, including the chemical principles that underpin understanding and control of contaminants in the environment.

Part 1 of the module considers the assessment and the environmental effects of contaminated land. Methods of investigation will be reviewed, including: health and safety, the nature of chemical contamination, testing and risk assessment.

Part 2 deals with the reclamation and remediation of contaminated sites. The nature of contaminants, ground improvement methods and risk-based strategies for land reclamation and containment of pollutants will all be discussed.

Case studies will form important components of the course.

Assessment

  • Report: 25%
  • Examination - spring semester: 75%
Module codeEA4107
LevelL7
SemesterAutumn Semester
Cerdits10

This module provides an holistic overview of the geological and environmental evolution of the continent of Antarctica as an Earth system using case studies drawn from the palaeoclimatic Antarctic and Southern Ocean research carried out within the School.  Topics range from the tectonic evolution of the continent, the growth of Antarctic ice sheets during the Cenozoic, the Quaternary environment of the Antarctic margin, to an evaluation of the Antarctic Treaty system and the governance of the continent.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 30%
  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
Module codeEA4108
LevelL7
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

This optional Year 4 single module reviews recent research and cutting edge isotopic systems in igneous petrology, and builds substantially on the work covered in the Year 3 Volcanic and Magmatic Processes module.  A series of case studies (with allied practical sessions) will provide an overview of recent and current research literature on continental flood basalts, oceanic plateaus, komatiites, island arcs, mantle sources regions, silicic large igneous provinces and the ‘controversy’ over the existence of mantle plumes.  The practical aspects of this module will facilitate the further development of such skills as: the use of spreadsheets to manipulate, model and plot geochemical data, the use of geochemical and petrographic information to help elucidate magmatic processes and the development of research skills related to completion of a research project. There will be no formal lectures or practicals with this module which will be taught online.

Assessment

  • Written assessment: 30%
  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
Module codeEA4110
LevelL7
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

For students with an interest in geomorphology, this fourth-year module offers an integrated perspective of landscape dynamics from mountain peaks to sandy beaches. Led by Drs Hales, Constantine, and Lazarus, the module will consider how processes and phenomena of tectonic geomorphology, fluvial geomorphology, and coastal geomorphology interact and inform each other. Students will have the opportunity to engage with big-picture concepts of landscape evolution both in the classroom and in the field.

Assessment

  • Examination - spring semester: 40%
  • Presentation: 35%
  • Written assessment: 25%
Module codeEA4116
LevelL7
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

The module will describe Earth as a living planet and how during the last decades living microorganisms were detected in environments previously thought to be free of life (volcanic springs, ocean crust, subsurface ice of glaciers). It will be explained how microorganisms adapt to survive and thrive under extreme conditions. Life in rocks and sediments several hundred metres beneath the surface will play a particularly important role as the deep biosphere is an extreme but also the largest habitat on Earth, linking geosphere and biosphere processes. 

Assessment

  • Examination - spring semester: 70%
  • Written assessment: 30%
Module codeEA4117
LevelL7
SemesterSpring Semester
Cerdits10

This module investigates the inter-relationship between science and policy for coastal management, including coastal conservation. It will explore the use of science within policy for shoreline management and conservation, specifically addressing the types of scientific data required in policy development and how these are utilised in coastal management. A case study of coastal erosion and managed realignment will include a half day field visit and half day laboratory exercise with workshops to discuss the underlying issues of the quality of erosion data and its use in shoreline management.  The module will also explore the science-policy interface and will provide a framework for assessing barriers and opportunities for integration between science, policy and decision-making.  A second case study will enable students to investigate aspects of the institutional and policy context of the Severn Estuary and, in particular, to evaluate the scientific implications and context of a contemporary policy change relating to this area.

Assessment

  • Report: 50%
  • Written assessment: 50%