Reporting standards

Find helpful guidance for systematic reviews and mata-analyses.

Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)

PRISMA focuses on the reporting of reviews evaluating randomised trials, but can also be used as a basis for reporting systematic reviews of other types of research, particularly evaluations of interventions.

PRISMA for Abstracts: Reporting Systematic Reviews in Journal and Conference Abstracts

This PDF document provides guidance on writing abstracts for systematic reviews. It also offers a checklist enabling the items suggested to fit into any set of headings mandated by a journal or conference submission.

Methodological Expectations of Cochrane Intervention Reviews (MECIR)

The MECIR project aims to specify methodological expectations for Cochrane Protocols, Reviews, and updates of reviews on the effects of interventions, and to ensure that these methodological expectations are supported and implemented across The Cochrane Collaboration.

Meta-Analysis and Systematic Reviews of Observational Studies (MOOSE)

Contains specifications for reporting of meta-analyses of observational studies in epidemiology, including background, search strategy, methods, results, discussion, and conclusion.