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The effects of music listening on adult patients’ pre-procedural state anxiety in hospital

Liz Morgan, Fran Biley

Despite there being a large body of knowledge related to the therapeutic potential of music, in general, not much is known about its impact on the pre-procedural patient population. A systematic review of all literature to date is needed to give a greater understanding of the outcomes and impact of music listening on pre-procedural state anxiety, thus helping nurses to decide whether or not to incorporate music listening into practice and identify related primary research agenda.


1. To examine how state anxiety is defined and measured across studies.

2. To examine the effectiveness of music listening as an intervention to reduce levels of state anxiety in pre-procedural hospital patients as defined and measured across studies.

This project addresses issues of relevance to the Health Technology Evaluation element of the Health Technologies theme.