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Ms Shema Ammer 

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PhD student Shema Ammer
Position:PhD Student

Telephone:02920 917784
Location:Room 513, 5th Floor, Eastgate House, 35 - 43 Newport Road, Cardiff, CF24 0AB


Developing and evaluating a structured diabetes education programme (SDEP) for adolescents with type 1 diabetes in Saudi Arabia.     


Dr Lesley Lowes and Dr Erica Alabaster


Type 1 diabetes is one of the most common, chronic metabolic childhood disorders, the global incidence of which is known to be increasing. It requires continuing medical and cost-effective nursing care as well as a structured educational programme in particular self-management  to prevent acute complications and reduce the risk of long-term complications. In Saudi Arabia , the incidence of type 1 diabetes in the age group 0 -14 is estimated to be 17-18/100.000/year (Al-Aqeel, 2004). Therefore, this research concerns structured educational programme and its effects on knowledge and metabolic control of adolescents with type 1 diabetes in short-term.

In terms of the importance of this study, it is important because structured diabetic educational programme is recommended by NICE (2004) in order to motivate children and young people to use knowledge and practical skills in problem solving and self-care management. However, in Saudi Arabia, structured diabetic education programme has not been implicated. On the one hand, it is important the diabetic educational programme should be tailored according to the understanding of age-dependent needs of adolescents and their families’ through assessment of their knowledge, culture, beliefs, goals, ability and readiness to learn. On the other hand, diabetes educational research studies which can help to improve clinical practice by evaluating different type’s diabetes educational methods. Thus, the aims of this study are to assess knowledge about the self-care practices of adolescents with type 1 diabetes, adapt and implement the structured educational programme and finally, determine the effects of the structured educational programme on short-term metabolic control of adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

The proposed design studies incidence, aetiology, management, complications of type 1 diabetes and the data collections tools include interviews, intervention and compare outcomes pre and post intervention. In this study researcher will regularly visit the most popular educational two hospitals which serve a large number of diabetic children in the Mecca Region in Saudi Arabia order to interview with participants, implement the structured educational programme and compare outcomes.