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Stroke Physiotherapy Interventions Recording Tool (SPIRIT)

Researchers

  • Dr. Monica Busse
  • Dr. Sarah Tyson (Centre for Rehabilitation and Human Performance Research, University of Salford, UK)
  • Dr. Louise Connell (Centre for Rehabilitation and Human Performance Research, University of Salford, UK)
  • Dr. Sheila Lennon (Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Research Institute, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, UK)

The aim of this study was to identify the treatment packages (combinations of interventions) used to treat postural control and mobility problems for patients with stroke. A convenience sample of 74 physiotherapists from 34 NHS hospitals recorded the interventions used to treat postural control and mobility problems for 251 patients with stroke in 1156 treatment sessions using the Stroke Physiotherapy Intervention Recording Tool. Descriptive statistics assessed the frequency with which the interventions were used and geometric coding identified treatment packages. The most frequently used interventions involved facilitation, practice of activities and their components and mobilisations. The least frequently used interventions involved the provision of equipment, teaching carers or professionals and exercise. Two treatment packages were identified; one involving the facilitation (of activities and their components) and the other involving whole activities (facilitation and practice). Interventions are often combined in two treatment packages to treat postural control and mobility problems after stroke. One involved facilitation (of whole and component activities) and the other involved practice and facilitation of whole tasks. Future research in which conventional or standard UK stroke physiotherapy is delivered should focus on these interventions and exclude atypically used interventions.