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Special Topic: The Wars of Carthage - 20 credits (HST915)

From the sixth to the second centuries BC Carthage was a major military power in the Western Mediterranean, with a powerful navy and the ability to deploy large mercenary armies. It was frequently involved in wars against the Greeks in Sicily and eventually became embroiled in a life and death struggle with Rome. Often regarded as a primarily peaceful and mercantile people, recent scholarship has begun to reveal the extent of Carthaginian bellicosity and how it influenced the development of warfare in the West during the Classical and Hellenistic periods. This module covers a broad range of topics such as the nature of violence and combat, military organisation, logistics, land and sea operations, imperialism and warfare between Carthaginians and other peoples (such as Greeks, Italians, Iberians, and Africans), and the interrelationships between war and religion, politics, economy and ideology in the societies affected by Punic warfare. This module allows the student to choose their own topic relating to Punic military activity (including Roman and Greek responses to and representations of the Carthaginians) and study it in detail whilst engaging with modern debates and improving their knowledge and critical analysis of the range of literary and archaeological sources available