Improving community policing
Pioneering research by the Universities' Police Science Institute (UPSI) has made police more effective at understanding and responding to crime and disorder.
Crime and disorder problems drive insecurity within and across communities. In 2007 the Universities' Police Science Institute was established in partnership with South Wales Police to help neighbourhood police teams respond more effectively to local needs.
UPSI's work has provided evidence in how to engage effectively with communities so that policing interventions target the issues that influence how people think, feel and act about their safety.
Professor Martin Innes led a research team which embarked on a rolling programme of face-to-face interviews with key members of communities. The work led to new insights into public perceptions and experiences of crime and disorder, and enabled police to become more effective at understanding and responding to neighbourhood needs.
The methodology enables police to identify precisely what problems, in which locations, are having most influence upon community safety.
For example, they might identify social disorder as the key issue for residents in one street, whilst graffiti is the focus of concern two streets away. By targeting action on those issues and places where most collective harm is occurring, police can deliver a 'smarter' response that is more directly focused upon public priorities.
Since its inception UPSI has secured £2 million external funding from various policing and governmental agencies. Combining academic rigour with a strong focus upon policy and practice, it has achieved international renown for its innovations in designing, developing and assessing new solutions to policing problems.
In 2010 the methodology was adopted by South Wales Police and the Safer Sutton Partnership as integral to their delivery of neighbourhood policing. It has also been used by Victoria Police in Australia, The Police Academy of the Netherlands, Lancashire Constabulary and ten other UK police agencies.
Key impacts of this research have been:
- changing Home Office policy for the policing of antisocial behaviour across England and Wales
- informing the Prevent counter-terrorism strategy for the UK and overseas
- improving the outcomes of South Wales Police's Neighbourhood Policing Teams.
- Innes, H. and Innes, M. 2013. Personal, situational and incidental vulnerabilities to ASB harm: a follow up study. Project Report.[Online].Cardiff: Universities Police Science Institute, Cardiff UniversityAvailable at: http://www.hmic.gov.uk/media/personal-situational-and-incidental-vulnerabilities-to-anti-social-behaviour-harm-a-follow-up-study.pdf.
- Lowe, T. and Innes, M. 2012. Can we speak in confidence? Community intelligence and neighbourhood policing v2.0. Policing and Society 22 (3), pp.295-316. (10.1080/10439463.2012.671823)
- Innes, M. et al. 2011. Assessing the effects of prevent policing: a report to the Association of Chief Police Officers. Technical Report.
- Innes, M. and Weston, N. 2010. Re-thinking the policing of anti-social behaviour. Project Report.[Online].London: Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary (HMIC)Available at: http://www.hmic.gov.uk/media/re-thinking-the-policing-of-anti-social-behaviour-20100923.pdf.
- Innes, M. et al. 2009. Seeing like a citizen: field experiments in community intelligence-led policing. In: Grabosky, P. ed. Community Policing and Peacekeeping. Advances in Police Theory and Practice CRC Press, pp.13-32.
- Innes, M. and Roberts, C. 2008. Reassurance policing, community intelligence and the co-production of neighbourhood order. In: Williamson, T. ed. The handbook of knowledge–based policing: current conceptions and Future Directions. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, pp.241-262. (10.1002/9780470773215.ch11)