Quality of Research
Cardiff School of Engineering
Research Assessment Exercise (2008)
|Unit of Assessment||Staff submitted (FTE)||By percentage, research activity in the submission judged to reach quality standard|
|Civil Engineering (G27)||21.30||4||3||2||1||UC|
(Overall quality profile in blocks of 5%)
Research Profile: Civil Engineering
|Institution||Grade Point Average|
|Imperial College London||3.35|
|University of Newcastle upon Tyne||3.10|
|University of Nottingham||3.10|
|University of Sheffield||3.05|
|University of Dundee||3.05|
|University of Southampton||3.00|
|University of Bristol||3.00|
|Queen's University Belfast||2.95|
Table continues to 23
Civil Engineering research at Cardiff School of Engineering focuses on leadership in the key areas of: geoenvironmental engineering; hydro-environmental engineering; theoretical, applied and computational mechanics; and structural analysis and information technology.
The School’s Geoenvironmental Research Centre is designated a Centre of Excellence by the International Atomic Energy Agency and undertakes fundamental and applied research in: deep geological disposal of nuclear waste; the effects of global warming on slope stability; sustainable urban environments and regeneration; and analysis of chemical transport in soils to improve understanding of soil surface and pollutant interactions.
Civil engineering research is an international leader in its field.
Research in hydro-environmental engineering is focused on: modelling the environmental impact of a Severn Barrage and other marine renewable devices on flooding; water quality and morphological changes in the Severn Estuary; refining models for predicting extreme flood events; modelling bio and geo-chemical fluxes in aquatic systems; and refining hydro-morphological process predictions for compliance with the EU Water Framework Directive.
In the field of theoretical, applied and computational mechanics the School’s researchers are investigating high performance and nano-structured materials, re-use of materials, and efficient computational models for structural integrity assessment.
Research in structural analysis and information technology is focussed on networked-based collaboration and communication, efficient designs of advanced design tools, and improved system interfaces to reduce training needs. Software tools developed by researchers in this area are designed to support remote collaboration and virtual organisations within the construction industry.
The School’s civil engineers have strong links with industrial partners resulting in the application of the School’s research to solve real-life engineering challenges. The modelling of gas flows from landfills, for example, has led to the development of a pioneering “Air Wall” system by industrial partner ESP to control gases. An innovative new cement-based fibre-reinforced material is now being used as a replacement for structural steel by construction firm Laing O’Rourke. A flood model has been used by another partner, Halcrow to re-design a bridge at Boscastle in Cornwall, to reduce the risk to the community of further flooding.