OPT019: Primary Care Update - Practical

This module aims to provide postgraduate optometrists with the practical training to update their clinical skills in line with modern, evidence-based optometry.

It complements the theory taught in OPT018, and is particularly suitable for those optometrists who have had a career break from general optometric practice, or are seeking to sample British optometry. Students will receive practical training in several key aspects of modern primary eye care practice: studying this module will enable students to return to optometric practice confident and equipped with the latest practical skills towards good clinical practice.

Start DateDurationCreditsPre-requisitesModule TutorsModule Code

March 2016

September 2016

18 contact hours over one academic term

10 Credits

CET points available

OPT018Aisling O'DonovanOPT019

Additional information:  This module complements OPT013 and OPT018.

This module is taught via 6 tutorials and 2 practical training sessions, with supporting resources and references supplied. The complementary theoretical knowledge is found in OPT018 and students must complete this module in advance.

The tutorials will involve attendance at 6 x 3 hour courses where the instrumentation and technique skills will be discussed and used practically under supervision. The practical workshops will be a further opportunity for students to practice on patients with and without existing ocular pathology. This teaching covers four days in total. 18 contact hours.

For details of the assessment please contact pgoptom@cardiff.ac.uk

  • The type and structure of questions used in history and symptoms taking and adapting the clinical assessments accordingly.
  • The different methods of viewing the patient's fundus and the advantages and disadvantages of each method.
  • The use of cover test in binocular vision assessment.
  • The use of fixation disparity in binocular vision assessment.
  • How to carry out contact tonometry on a patient.
  • The assessment of children's vision, including techniques to assess the refraction and accommodation status and how to do them.
  • The practical use of a Volk lens.
  • Assessing the anterior chamber for signs of inflammation and assessing the anterior chamber angle.

To apply the knowledge from OPT018 to given scenarios and demonstrate how you would:

  • use a contact tonometer to measure Intra-Ocular Pressure (IOP)
  • use a slit lamp binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy method of viewing the fundus
  • assess the anterior chamber (AC) and AC angle for signs of inflammation using a slit lamp
  • assess different stages of Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
  • demonstrate good communication with patients and be able to utilise the responses from patients to guide clinical decision making
  • use fixation disparity to investigate the binocular visual system
  • use the cover test to investigate the binocular visual system
  • demonstrate the Mohindra retinoscopy technique
  • demonstrate the ability to utilise a range of practical techniques covered by this module

Academic skills

  • The interpretation of data from practical assessment
  • Exam technique

Subject specific skills

  • The enhancement of clinical examination techniques
  • Patient management
  • Patient communication

Generic skills

  • Time management
  • Working independently
  • Problem solving
  • Communication skills