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Cymraeg

Happy Hour linked to pub violence

04 March 2011

A Cardiff University study has established a link between pub violence and happy hour-style drinking promotions.

The findings also show that pub staff themselves need to do more to stop heavily intoxicated customers from continuing to drink.

The team studied pubs and nightclubs with a history of violence across five different cities and towns in the UK. Customers entering and leaving the premises were breathalysed. The team also recorded data about the price of beer and any drink promotions at each establishment. Their findings were then linked to police and hospital data about assaults inside or immediately outside the premises.


The team found that premises with the highest levels of violence were most likely to have:
• The greatest change in customers’ intoxication levels between entry and exit
• Price promotions on drinks

The team also found that simple observation of customers staggering or slurring their speech was a very accurate predicator of the levels of intoxication recorded by the breathalysers.

Dr Simon Moore, of Cardiff University’s award-winning Violence and Society Research Group, who led the study, said: "Our findings clearly show that alcohol misuse and violence are not simply caused by drinkers' weaknesses. The way premises are run also contributes, suggesting the industry still has more to do in playing its part.

"The legislation requiring bar staff not to serve those who are already drunk should be properly enforced. Our study shows these customers are not difficult to spot - time should be called on those who can no longer walk in a straight line or who slur their speech.
"Measures to restrict promotions and enforce sensible drinking would make night-time city centres healthier and more enjoyable spaces for everyone who uses them."

The team’s findings have just been published in the journal Alcohol and Alcoholism and the Project was funded by the Medical Research Council.
ENDS

Notes to editors
The full paper, Harm in the Night-Time Economy , by Dr Simon Moore, Violence and Society Research Group, Cardiff University, Dr Iain Brennan, Department of Social Sciences, University of Hull and Dr Simon Murphy, Cardiff Institute for Society and Health, is published online in Alcohol and Alcoholism.

For further information or a copy of the full report, please contact:

Dr Simon Moore,
School of Dentistry
Cardiff University.
Office Tel: 029 207 44246
Mobile Tel 07540 825513.
Email: mooresc2@cardiff.ac.uk

Stephen Rouse,
Public Relations Office,
Cardiff University.
Office Tel: 029 208 75596
e-mail: RouseS@cardiff.ac.uk

Cardiff University
Cardiff University is recognised in independent government assessments as one of Britain’s leading teaching and research universities. Founded by Royal Charter in 1883, the University today combines impressive modern facilities and a dynamic approach to teaching and research. The University’s breadth of expertise in research and research-led teaching encompasses: the humanities; the natural, physical, health, life and social sciences; engineering and technology; preparation for a wide range of professions; and a longstanding commitment to lifelong learning. Cardiff is a member of the Russell Group of Britain’s leading research universities.