Mathematics Colloquium 2014 - 2015
All seminars are held in Room E/0.15, Senghennydd Road, Cardiff at 15:10 unless stated otherwise.
8th October 2014
Speaker: Prof. Florin Boca (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
Title: Irregularities in the distribution of Euclidean and hyperbolic lattice angles.
Abstract: Spacing statistics measure the randomness of uniformly distributed sequences, or more generally increasing sequences of finite sets of real numbers. A familiar example of a uniformly distributed sequence of sets isgiven by the directions of vectors joining a fixed point in the Euclidean plane, with all (or only visible) points of integer coordinates inside balls of fixed center and increasing radius. However, these directions are not randomly distributed, and even the study of their most popular spacing statistics, limiting gap distribution and pair correlation function, turn out to pose challenges.
This talk will discuss recent progress in the study of the spacing statistics for this type of geometric configuration, comparing the Euclidean and the hyperbolic situations.
5th November 2014
Speaker: Prof. Alison Etheridge (University of Oxford)
Title: Modelling evolution in a spatial continuum.
Abstract: The basic challenge of mathematical population genetics is to understand the relative importance of the different forces of evolution in shaping the genetic diversity that we see in the world around us. This is a problem that has been around for a century, and a great deal is known. However, a proper understanding of the role of a population's spatial structure is missing. Recently we introduced a new framework for modelling populations that evolve in a spatial continuum. In this talk we briefly describe this framework before outlining some preliminary results on the importance of spatial structure for natural selection..
26th November 2014
Speaker: Prof. Olavi Nevanlinna (Aalto)
Title: Multicentric calculus: polynomial as a new variable.
Abstract: Click Here.
11th February 2015
Speaker: Dr. Sergey Arkhipov (Aarhus)
Title: Geometric representation theory and Hecke algebras
Abstract: Broadly speaking, geometric representation theory is a framework in which symmetries of geometric objects act on invariants of these objects such as cohomology theories and, more generally, derived categories associated to them. We then apply geometric machinery to study the structure of these invariants. Often the representation theoretic results obtained in this way are substantial and beyond the reach of purely algebraic methods.
More specifically, in an algebro-geometric setting we can consider an algebraic group G with a subgroup H. The geometry of the space H\G/H gives rise to a number of interesting algebras and their representations, both classical and categorical. In this talk I will give several examples of this:
1) Historically, geometric representation theory was developed by Kazhdan, Lusztig, Kashiwara, Beilinson and Bernstein to prove Kazhdan-Lusztig conjectures. Let G be a reductive algebraic group e.g. GL(n) and let B be a Borel subgroup in G. I will discuss the Grotehndieck group of B x B-equivariant perverse sheaves on G, with the multiplication given by convolution, and its relation to Kazhdan-Lusztig theory for the finite Hecke algebra.
2) In the geometric setting of 1) Kostant and Kumar considered the Grothendieck group of B x B-equivariant coherent sheaves on G. The convolution product gives rise to an algebra structure on the group called the degenerate affine Hecke algebra. I will explain the recent work of Harada, Landveber and Sjamaar which relates this algebra to Demazure operators and its categorical version due to Arkhipov and Kanstrup.
3) If time permits, I will also discuss the geometric affine Hecke category of of Bezrukavnikov, Riche, Ben-Zvi and Nadler and its natural place in the framework of the geometric Langlandscorrespondence. Notes from Talk
22nd April 2015
Speaker: Prof. Alessio Corti (Imperial)
6th MAY 2015
Speaker: Prof. Mark Girolami (Warwick)
Title: Hamiltonian Monte Carlo