The South Wales Miners, 1898–1985
Level 1 (CQFW Level 4), 10 Credits.
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The south Wales miners were one of the most important groups of workers in Britain in the twentieth century. This course charts their history throughout this turbulent century, from the formation of their union in 1898, through the major strikes of 1910-12, 1921, 1926, 1972 and 1974, the Great Depression of the 1930s and the nationalisation of their industry in 1947, to the epic year-long strike of 1984-5.
- The Welsh Miner
- The 1898 strike and the formation of ‘The Fed’.
- The Miners’ Next Step and the growth of coalfield radicalism
- “Struggle or Starve” – the General Strike and the Great Depression
- War and nationalisation – the 1940s and 1950s
- Pit closures – the 1960s
- The 1972 and 1974 strikes and the incentive bonus scheme
- Thatcher versus the miners, 1979-1983
- The Strike, 1984-1985
Who is this course for?
Anyone with an interest in the topic. No previous knowledge is assumed.
Learning and Teaching
Learning and teaching are undertaken by means of small group work. This is a 10-credit course, so there will be two-hour meetings once a week (20 contact hours in all) which will include group discussion, exercises, source analysis and presentation of material on PowerPoint and DVD. The aim is ensure that the classes are enjoyable and stimulating for all. This will encourage the development of knowledge and understanding of the topics and ideas discussed in the course.
Coursework and Assessment
To award credits we need to have evidence of the knowledge and skills you have gained or improved. Some of this has to be in a form that can be shown to external examiners so that we can be absolutely sure that standards are met across all courses and subjects.
You will not have formal examinations. You may write an essay or other equivalent written assignments (such as a portfolio of shorter written exercises) to a total of 1500 words, demonstrating an understanding of core elements of the course material.
you may have class tests. Our assessments are flexible to suit the course and the student.
The most important element of assessment is that it should enhance your learning. Our methods are designed to increase your confidence and we try very hard to devise ways of assessing you that are enjoyable and suitable for adults with busy lives.
- Arnot, Robin Page, South Wales Miners Vol. 1: 1898-1914 (London, 1967) and Vol. 2: 1914-1926 (Cardiff, 1975)
- Curtis, Ben, The South Wales Miners, 1964-1985 (Cardiff, 2013)
- Francis, Hywel, History on Our Side: Wales and the 1984-85 Miners’ Strike (Ferryside, 2009)
- Francis, Hywel, and Smith, Dai, The Fed: A History of the South Wales Miners in the Twentieth Century (London, 1980; new edition: Cardiff, 1998)
- Taylor, Andrew, The NUM and British Politics Vol. 1: 1944-1968 (Aldershot, 2003) and Vol. 2: 1969-1995 (Aldershot, 2005)
- Williams, Chris, Capitalism, Community and Conflict: The South Wales Coalfield 1898-1947 (Cardiff, 1998)
- Adeney, Martin, and Lloyd, John, The Miners’ Strike 1984 –5: Loss Without Limit (London, 1986)
- Allen, V.L., The Militancy of British Miners (Shipley, 1981)
- Ashworth, William, The History of the British Coal Industry, Vol. 5: 1946-1982, The Nationalised Industry (Oxford, 1986)
- Barnes, David, Black Mountains: Reflections Of A South Wales Miner (Talybont, 2002)
- Berger, Stefan, Croll, Andy, and LaPorte, Norman (eds), Towards a Comparative History of Coalfield Societies (Aldershot, 2005)
- Beynon, Huw (ed.), Digging Deeper: Issues in the Miners’ Strike (London, 1985)
- Black, Jeremy, A New History of Wales (Stroud, 2000)
- Buxton, Neil K., The Economic Development of the British Coal Industry (London, 1978)
- Callinicos, Alex, and Simons, Mike, The Great Strike: The Miners’ Strike of 1984-5 and its lessons (London, 1985)
- Campbell, Alan, Fishman, Nina, and McIlroy, John (eds), British Trade Unions and Industrial Politics, Vol. 1: The Post-War Compromise, 1945-64 (Aldershot, 1999)
- Church, Roy, and Outram, Quentin, Strikes and Solidarity: Coalfield Conflict in Britain 1889-1966 (Cambridge, 1998)
- Cornwell, John, Collieries of South Wales: 1 (Ashbourne, 2001)
- Cronin, James E., Industrial Conflict in Modern Britain (London, 1979)
- Davies, John, Hanes Cymru (London, 1990; Penguin edition, London, 1992)
- Davis, Mary, Comrade or Brother? The History of the British Labour Movement 1789-1951 (London, 1993)
- Evans, D. Gareth, A History of Wales 1906-2000 (Cardiff, 2000)
- Feldman, Gerald D., and Tenfelde, Klaus (eds), Workers, Owners and Politics in Coal Mining (Oxford, 1990)
- Fine, Ben, The Coal Question: Political Economy and Industrial Change from the Nineteenth Century to the Present Day (London and New York, 1990)
- Foot, Michael, Aneurin Bevan (London: Vol. 1 1962, Vol. 2 1973; abridged edition 1997)
- Goodman, Geoffrey, The Miners’ Strike (London, 1985)
- Harrison, Royden (ed.), Independent Collier: The Coal Miner as Archetypal Proletarian Reconsidered (Hassocks, 1978)
- Herbert, Trevor, and Jones, Gareth Elwyn (eds.), Post-War Wales (Cardiff, 1995)
- Jackson, Michael P., The Price of Coal (London, 1974)
- James, Peter, The Future of Coal (London, 1982)
- Jenkins, Richard, and Edwards, Arwel (eds), One Step Forward? South and West Wales Towards The Year 2000 (Llandysul, 1990)
- Lewis, E.D., The Rhondda Valleys (London, 1958)
- Manners, Gerald (ed.), South Wales in the Sixties: Studies in Industrial Geography (Oxford, 1964)
- McIlroy, John, Fishman, Nina, and Campbell, Alan (eds), British Trade Unions and Industrial Politics, Vol. 2: The High Tide of Trade Unionism, 1964-79 (Aldershot, 1999)
- McLean, Iain, and Johnes, Martin, Aberfan: Government and Disasters (Cardiff, 2000)
- Miller, Jill, You Can’t Kill The Spirit: Women in a Welsh Mining Valley (London, 1986)
- Morgan, Kenneth O., Rebirth of a Nation: Wales 1880-1980 (London, 1981)
- Morgan, Kenneth O., Modern Wales: Politics, Places and People (Cardiff, 1995)
- O’Sullivan, Tyrone, with Eve, John, and Edworthy, Ann, Tower Of Strength: The Story of Tyrone O’Sullivan and Tower Colliery (Edinburgh, 2001)
- Ottey, Roy, The Strike: An Insider’s Story (London, 1985)
- Parker, Mike, The Politics of Coal’s Decline: The Industry in Western Europe (London, 1994)
- Parker, M.J., Thatcherism and the Fall of Coal (Oxford, 2000)
- Pitt, Malcolm, The World On Our Backs: The Kent Miners and the 1972 Miners’ Strike (London, 1979)
- Richards, Andrew J., Miners on Strike: Class Solidarity and Division in Britain (Oxford and New York, 1996)
- Robens, Lord, Ten Year Stint (London, 1972)
- Seddon, Vicky (ed.), The Cutting Edge: Women And The Pit Strike (London, 1986)
- Smith, Dai, Wales! Wales? (London, 1984)
- Sutcliffe, Lesley, and Hill, Brian, Let Them Eat Coal: The Political Use of Social Security During the Miners’ Strike (London, 1985)
- Swain, Fay, and Williams, Cory (eds), Penallta: A Brief History of Penallta Colliery in the Rhymney Valley (Ystrad Mynach, 1994)
- Tanner, Duncan, Williams, Chris, and Hopkin, Deian (eds.), The Labour Party in Wales 1900-2000 (Cardiff, 2000)
- Thompson, E.P., The Making of the English Working Class (London, 1963; Penguin edition, London, 1991)
- Town, Stephen W., After the Mines: Changing employment opportunities in a South Wales Valley (Cardiff, 1978)
- Waddington, David, Wykes, Maggie, and Critcher, Chas, Split At The Seams? Community, continuity and change after the 1984-5 coal dispute (Milton Keynes and Philadelphia, 1991)
- Welsh Campaign for Civil and Political Liberties and NUM (South Wales Area), Striking Back (Cardiff, 1985)
- Williams, Chris, Democratic Rhondda: Politics and Society 1885-1951 (Cardiff, 1996)
- Williams, David, A Short History of Modern Wales (1961)
- Williams, Gwyn A., When Was Wales? (London, 1985)
Library and Computing Facilities
As a student on this course you are entitled to join and use the University library and computing facilities. You can find out more about these facilities on our website www.cf.ac.uk/learn under Student Information, or by ringing the Centre on
(029) 2087 0000.
Accessibility of Courses
Our aim is access for all. We aim to provide a confidential advice and support service for any student with a long term medical condition, disability or specific learning difficulty. We are able to offer one-to-one advice about disability, pre-enrolment visits, liaison with tutors and co-ordinating lecturers, material in alternative formats, arrangements for accessible courses, assessment arrangements, loan equipment and Dyslexia screening. Please contact the Centre on (029) 2087 0000 for an information leaflet.