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Spanish Civil War pamphlets (1930s-1940s)

A collection of 3,000 pamphlets relating to the Spanish Civil War, based on the Southworth collection in California. The collection documents the era of the Republican period from 1931-1939, the Spanish Civil War from 1936-1939, and the post-war years of the 1940s. Included are works about Franco’s Falange movement, German propaganda, socialist movements, the International brigades, and some literary works.

The collection contains a wealth of primary materials documenting the Spanish Republican period (1931-1939), the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), and the post-War era of Franco’s rule (1939-1975). The collection’s greatest strengths are the Civil War itself and the immediate post-War years of the 1940s.

Among the most notable pamphlets are the more than 200 items relating to the Falange, Franco’s powerful political party, and its sub-organisations, including the Sección Femenina. Many of these items record Franco’s efforts to rebuild Spain, both structurally and spiritually, in the wake of the War. Numerous other publications represent the Republican opposition parties, including the Partido Comunista de España, the Partido Socialista Obrero Español, the Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista, the Confederación Nacional de Trabajo, and the Unión General de Trabajadores.

The collection includes more than 100 titles published by the Germans and distributed in Spain, in the Spanish language, during the Civil War and World War II; several titles detail the activities of Hitler’s Condor Legion in Spain. The activities of the International Brigades are extensively documented, including numerous eyewitness accounts written by volunteers from the United States, England, France, and other nations.

Pictorial and written evidence abounds of the atrocities committed by both sides during the bloody four-year conflict, as thousands of civilians and numerous architectural treasures fell victim to the War. More than 150 literary pamphlets record the poetry and prose of Federico García Lorca, Miguel Hernández, Ernest Hemingway, and many others. Patriotic songs and hymns survive in a small collection of sheet music. Dozens of items treat the economic, social, and religious aspects of the War and its effects on Spanish society. The collection also provides evidence of the largely unsuccessful post-War efforts of Spanish exiles to fight the Franco dictatorship and to maintain a democratic República Española in exile.

Date range: 1930s-1940s

Size:  3,000 pamphlets

Languages:  Spanish mainly, some English

Keywords:  Spain, Spanish Civil War, Republicans, Nationalists, Socialism, General Franco.

Notes: A detailed printed guide to the collection, and a full author/title listing of the contents of the collection is available. Also held in the Archives are the diaries of a Spanish Civil War nurse, plus we hold the small Bookchin collection of anarchist and radical works from the post war period. A range of  rare Spanish and Catalan journals and newspapers are held for the period.