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Calendar of the Close Rolls (1272-1509)

Writs and orders under the Great Seal addressed by the English Sovereign to individuals were folded or closed up and are hence known as letters close. Until Tudor times the Close Rolls contained royal instructions for the performance of multifarious acts: the observance of treaties, the levying of subsidies, the repair of buildings, the payment of salaries, the provisions of Household requirements, the delivery of their landed inheritances to heirs and the assignment of dower to widows, etc. Writs were issued concerning matters ranging in importance from major constitutional decisions to the daily economy of the royal household. The volumes held cover the period from Edward I to Henry VII (1272-1509). (62 volumes, published 1892-1975).