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Bute Papers (NLW) (19th C.)

A wide range of papers from the Bute Family archives, from the period of the early to mid-1800s, microfilmed from the collection held at the National Library of Wales. The papers come from the file ranges, L1-L109, and include several thousand documents. Topics covered include mining business in south Wales, political and local government materials, overseas investments and slavery discussions.

The papers include: letters relating to the Herbert family (1588-1719); personal correspondence and papers of John, second marquis of Bute (1804-55), mainly from family, friends and political and ecclesiastical figures; letters relating to the management of family accounts and annuities; correspondence concerning the guardianship of the children of Lord Henry Stuart, dec. (1810-32); estate correspondence (1694-1851); the Glamorgan estate (1694-1846); letters to various Glamorgan stewards (1755-1816); letters and papers from Sir John Hall; miscellaneous papers including minutes of the first meeting and prospectus of the Society for the Extinction of the Slave Trade and for the Civilisation of Africa, papers from the National Society for promoting the Education of the Poor in the Principals of the Established Church, resolutions for the formation of the South Wales Anthracite Association and a prospectus for the sale of shares in the proposed Plymouth, Pentrebach, and Dyffryn Iron Co., Merthyr Tydfil; letters from Lord James Stuart and Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington and Prime Minister; letters from Henry Knight of Tythegston, colonel of the Glamorgan militia; letters relating to the appointment of Robert Beaumont, Glamorgan mining engineer (1826-27); correspondence with Thomas Telford, Wyndham Lewis MP, Josiah John Guest of Dowlais Ironworks, Anthony Hill of Plymouth Lodge, Richard Crawshay and William Crawshay of Cyfarthfa; material on the Rhymney Ironworks; letters from John B. Bruce, stipendiary magistrate of Merthyr Tydfil; Luton estate correspondence (1841).  Topics covered include the ironworks and mining businesses in south Wales, political and local government concerns (e.g. local and general elections, the Corn Laws, the Newport Rising, the establishment of a school at Aberdare), overseas investments and slavery discussions (e.g. the increasing value of land at home and the threat to the colonies in the East and West Indies).

Date range:  1800-1850

Significance:  Significant in Wales and the United Kingdom

Size: 35 reels of microfilm.

Language:  English

Keywords:  Wales, coal mining, Bute family, social conditions,  

Notes:  A fuller descriptive listing is available on request.