Library language: What does it all mean?
Heard something mentioned in the library and not sure what it means? The list below explains some of the language we use in the library.
Abstract: An abstract is a short summary of the main points of a piece of work such as a journal article or conference paper.
Account: See Library account.
Alerts/Alerting service: Most of the major electronic databases offer alerting services which send regular emails or provide RSS feeds, informing you when new articles / papers relevant to your research appear.
Alphabetical order: This is when something is arranged in order of the Latin or Roman alphabet. (Aa, Bb, Cc, Dd, Ee, Ff, Gg, Hh, Ii, Jj, Kk, Ll, Mm, Nn, Oo, Pp, Qq, Rr, Ss, Tt, Uu, Vv, Ww, Xx, Yy, Zz).
Architecture Store: If you see an item on the library catalogue which has the location Architecture: Store, it means the item is held in the Architecture Library's Store. If you would like to borrow an Architecture Store item, just ask a member of staff in the Architecture Library who will go and get the item from the Store for you.
Archive: A historical archive contains original and unique documents which have been preserved, often over centuries, for research and teaching purposes today. All of the University Library's historical archive collections are held in SCOLAR – Special Collections and Archives – in the Arts and Social Studies Library. You can search Cardiff University Library's archive materials using ArchiveSearch, our online archive catalogue.
ArchiveSearch: ArchiveSearch is Cardiff University's online archive catalogue which allows you to search our historical archives and manuscripts. The library's Special Collections and Archives (SCOLAR) are located on the lower ground floor of ASSL.
Article: See Journal Article.
ArticleSearch: ArticleSearch is part of our online library catalogue, LibrarySearch. It allows you to search for electronic journal articles by inputting keywords related to your research topic. Make sure you log in with your Cardiff University username and password so you can view the full text of the articles you find. (ArticleSearch will not search all journals relating to your research topic so make sure you use databases as well).
Ask a Librarian live: This is our online instant chat service. It is usually staffed Monday to Friday, 9am to 5pm. Use the service to ask any questions you have about the library service or finding information for your academic work.
Assistive technologies: Specialist software and equipment is located in the University's libraries and some IT rooms to assist disabled users. For more information see our Assistive technologies web pages.
ASSL: This is how we often refer to the Arts and Social Studies Library.
Athens: Some institutions use Athens as a way of logging into electronic resources such as databases and electronic journals. We do not use Athens at Cardiff University. To access all of the electronic resources we have access to, use your Cardiff University username and password. If you have any problems accessing electronic resources, please ask library staff for help.
Author: An author is the person who has written a resource such as a book, journal article or web page.
Available: If an item is showing as 'Available' on the library catalogue it means it is on the library shelves and can be borrowed.
Barcode: All library items have a unique barcode attached to them. This is how we know who has borrowed which particular copy of a book. There is also a barcode on your ID/Library card which we scan when we issue books to you.
Barcode number: If we ask you for your barcode number we mean the 10-digit number located below the barcode on your ID/Library card.
Bibliography: A bibliography is a list of all the resources (books, journal articles, web pages etc) that have been used to write a piece of academic work. It is also known as a references list.
Binding: Several of our libraries and Graphic Services locations offer binding services for assignments and dissertations. For details of locations and types of binding available, plus where you can get hardback thesis binding done, please see our Binding facilities web pages.
BL (British Library): If you need a journal article or book which we do not have access to at Cardiff University we can get it for you on Inter-Library Loan from the British Library or another institution. Library staff sometimes call the British Library BL.
Bute Store: If you see an item on the library catalogue which has the location Bute: Store, it means the item is held in Bute Library's Store. If you would like to borrow a Bute: Store item, just ask a member of staff in Bute Library who will go and get the item from the Store for you.
Catalogue: See library catalogue.
Cathays Park campus: The Cathays Park campus is the section of the University based in Cathays and includes the Trevithick Building to the South and Talybont to the North. If we use the term 'Cathays Park Libraries' we mean all of the libraries located on the Cathays Park campus.
Charge: Charge is another word for fine. If your library books go very overdue we put a 'Lost item replacement' charge on your library account. This is how much it would cost us to replace the book if we had to buy another copy. We will take this charge off your account if you return the overdue book to the library.
Citation: When you refer to an information source (e.g. a book, journal article or web page) in a piece of academic work (e.g. an essay or dissertation) it is called a citation because you are citing the source of your information. See also: Citing and Referencing.
Citing and referencing: At the end of an assignment you must include a references list (or bibliography) listing all the information sources (books, web pages etc) you have referred to (cited) in your writing. Your lecturer may ask you to use a particular style of Citing and referencing, for example Cardiff University Harvard or Vancouver. For more help see our Citing and referencing web pages.
Classmark: We organise our library books in a particular subject order on our shelves. Each book has a classmark on it which is a label with both letters and numbers on (for example HM742.G3 or 572 BER). When you find a book you want to borrow on our library catalogue, make a note of the classmark so you can find it on the library shelves.
Conference proceedings: These are a collection of papers which have been presented at a conference.
- Books, when we have more than one in stock, for example: "We have 10 copies of that book" or "that copy is a one day loan".
- A photocopy or printout, for example: "it costs 6p for an A4 copy".
Copyright: Copyright is the legal protection given to creators of original material against unauthorised exploitation of their work. Copyright law limits how much you can copy and share from print and electronic resources. For more information see our copyright web pages.
Counter: Some of our libraries which do not have self-service machines have a desk where you take the books you want to borrow to be issued to your library account. This desk is either called a counter or issue desk.
Current: If something is current it is up-to-date, for example, journal articles publish more current research than books, because books can take several years to write and be published.
Current journals: Many journals are available in both print and electronic formats. Some of our libraries have current journals sections where the most recent issues of their print journals are kept.
Databases: A database is a collection of electronic information which you can search for journal articles or subject specific information. You can access all of the databases the University pays for via the Library tab in Cardiff Portal. Look at our Resources for your subject web pages to find out what databases to use for your subject.
Dewey Decimal Classification system (DDC): This is one of the systems our libraries use to make sure books on the same subject are put in the same place on our shelves. When we buy a new book the cataloguing department assigns a classmark to it according to the rules of the Dewey Decimal Classification system. The classmark is put onto a label on the spine of the book so the books can be put on to the shelves in the correct order. For example books on human anatomy are shelved under 611. Some of our libraries use a different system called Library of Congress Classification (LCC).
Discharged: If you find an item on the library catalogue which is showing as 'discharged', it means it has recently been returned to the library. The library catalogue will also show the date and time the item was returned. If you wanted to borrow an item showing as 'discharged' then it's likely that you won't find the item on the library shelves but it may be on a trolley waiting to be shelved or still in the self-service return bin. Please ask library staff for assistance if you cannot find the item.
DOI®: A DOI is a Digital Object Identifier. It is a permanent identifier (for example, 10.1103/PhysRevD.87.042001) which is linked to an electronic document, such as a journal article. If you know a document's DOI you can search for it online, even if you don't have other details such as the name of the journal or a web address.
Due Date: When you borrow a library item you only have the item for a limited period, for example one day, one week or 14 days. The date you must return or renew it by is called the due date. You can check the due dates of the items you have borrowed on your library account.
Duplex: Duplex printing is double-sided printing. Our library service printers (MFDs) default to double-sided printing so if you do not want to print double-sided you must select this in 'Printer Properties' when you send your work to print.
eBook/electronic book: An eBook is a book which you can access in electronic format. You can access the eBooks we provide via our library catalogue or our eLibrary, both of which you can find on the Library tab in Cardiff Portal. (You need to log in with your Cardiff University username and password in order to view eBooks).
Edition: Sometimes you will see more than one version of a book on our library catalogue. These are different editions and will have different publication dates. A newer edition of a book will be more up-to-date so we would normally recommend you use the latest edition with the most recent publication date.
eduroam: Our wireless network is called eduroam. Library staff can register your laptop, mobile device or tablet on eduroam. Once registered here, your device will also connect to the eduroam wireless network in other universities which also use eduroam. For more details see our wireless web pages.
eJournal/electronic journal: These are journals which are available electronically. Some eJournals are only published online, other eJournals also come in print format and can be found in our libraries. The University pays for thousands of electronic journals and you can access these via our library catalogue and our eLibrary, both of which you can find on the Library tab in Cardiff Portal. (You need to log in with your Cardiff University username and password in order to view the full text of eJournal articles).
EndNote®: EndNote is software which will assist you in citing and referencing. You can use EndNote to store details of the books and articles you find, and then automatically add citations and create a list of references (bibliography) in your Word documents. EndNote is available on the University network and there is also a free online version which you can use off campus. For more information see our EndNote web pages.
European Documentation Centre (Cardiff EDC): The EDC is on the Cathays campus and specialises in providing information about the European Union (EU) and the countries of Europe. The EDC staff can help you find information for your work or study. For information about their location, contact details and opening hours see the EDC website.
Fines: If you borrow a library item and don't return or renew it by the due date the item will become overdue and you will have to pay fines. Fines are added every day until you return or renew the item. You can look on your library account to see if you have any fines. Please note: fines are not added to your library account until you return or renew your overdue item.
Folio: If you find an item on the library catalogue marked as 'folio' it means it is an oversized item and will shelved separately to the normal book collections. Please ask library staff if you need assistance to find a folio item.
Follow-me printing: All Cardiff University students and staff have an online print account called myPrint. When you want to print from one of the University's printers (MFDs) in our libraries and IT rooms, you send your print job to the FOLLOW-ME on PCUT01 printer queue. You then have four hours in which to print your work at any of our printers. You don't have to use a printer in the same library or IT room and you can send multiple jobs to print at a time. When you are ready to print you log into the printer with your Cardiff University username and password. Any print jobs you have sent will be listed and you can select which ones you would like to print. You can also send work to print from your laptop using our wireless printing service, webPrint.
Full text: You will see this term on our library catalogue and on electronic databases. It is referring to the complete text of an electronic book or journal article. When you find an article you want to read, click on the full text link or download the PDF in order to view the whole article. If you cannot view the full text you might be trying to access an eJournal or eBook to which Cardiff University does not have access.
Graphic Services: There are Graphic Services facilities at several locations on the Cathays Park campus. Graphic Services offer a variety of services such as printing (up to size A0), scanning, laminating and soft binding. See our Graphic Services web pages for details of locations, opening hours and available services.
Group study rooms: Many of our libraries have rooms or areas which you can use for studying as a group. You usually have to book the rooms in advance. For more information see our group study web pages.
Health Libraries: There are four Health Libraries in Cardiff University: The Health Library and the Brian Cooke Dental Library which are both based on the Heath Park campus; the Archie Cochrane Library which is based at Llandough Hospital and the Cancer Research Wales Library which is based at Velindre Hospital.
Help Desk: See Enquiry/Enquiries Desk.
Hold: You might hear library staff referring to 'placing a hold' or a book being 'on hold'. Hold is another word for reservation.
Home library: If we talk about your 'home library' we are referring to the library which contains the books for the course you study, for example Chemistry students' home library is the Science Library and Journalism students' home library is the Bute Library. You can use any of our libraries for studying or returning your books, but some activities, for example collecting an Inter-Library Loan, need to be done in your home library. For a full list of our library locations, see our library locations web pages.
Hospital libraries: Our library catalogue shows items which are located in all our Cardiff University Libraries and also in hospital libraries throughout Wales. This is because we have lots of students and staff from the College of Biomedical & Life Sciences who work or undertake placements in Welsh hospitals. You can request to borrow items from the hospital libraries if we do not have them in one of Cardiff University's libraries. Please ask at your home library for details.
Impact Factor: This relates to journals . The impact factor of a journal tells you the average number of times that articles from that journal were cited in other articles over the previous two years. It can be used as a guide to a journal's influence. Academics may try to publish their research in a journal with a high impact factor.
Index: You will find an index at the back of a textbook. It is an alphabetical list telling you the detailed contents of the book and the relevant page numbers.
Information Desk: See Enquiry/Enquiries Desk.
In process: If you find a book on the library catalogue which says it is 'In process' it means it is a new book which we have ordered and it has been added to the library catalogue but isn't yet on the library shelves. If you need the book urgently please ask library staff.
Institutional Login: If you are trying to access an electronic database or journal article and you need to log in to view the content, you may see an option for 'Institutional login'. This means that if Cardiff University has access to the resource, then you should be able to log in and get access. The process differs on each database and journal site but often when you follow the institutional login link you will see an option to select 'login via UK Federation' or 'UK Access Management Federation'. Choose this option and search for Cardiff University. Then enter your Cardiff University computer username and password into the login boxes. If you have been unable to access the database or journal article you need, try logging into Cardiff Portal and accessing them via the Databases or the eLibrary links on the Library page. You will then be recognised as being a member of Cardiff University. For more information see our off campus access to e-resources web pages.
Inter-Library Loan (ILL): If you need access to a book or journal article which we do not have access to we can obtain an ILL for you from the British Library or another institution. For more information ask in your home library or contact us via Ask a Librarian Live.
- To borrow library items. When you borrow something you must issue it to your library account either using our self-service machines or by taking it to the counter or issue desk where a member of staff will issue it to you.
- Each individual copy of a journal is called an issue (or part). These can be published weekly, fortnightly, monthly or several times a year depending on the journal.
Issue desk: Some of our libraries which do not have self-service machines have a desk where you take the books you want to borrow to be issued to your library account. This desk is either called a counter or issue desk.
Journal: Journals are academic publications which are published regularly and are available in electronic and/or print format. Journals relate to particular subject areas and each issue contains articles written by lots of different authors. Journals are where academics such as your lecturers will publish their research and they are good to use for assignments as the articles are current (up-to-date) and peer-reviewed.
Journal article: Journal articles are where academics, such as your lecturers, publish their research. Journal articles are also known as research papers. An individual issue of a journal will contain several different articles. To search for journal articles on your research topic, use ArticleSearch and electronic databases.
Julian Hodge Study Centre: For 24/7 access to IT facilities on the Cathays campus you can use the Julian Hodge Study Centre. You will need your ID/Library card to access the building on evenings and weekends. Look on the Julian Hodge Study Centre web pages for more details. IT facilities that are open 24/7 can also be found in the Trevithick Library on the Cathays campus and in the Health Library.
Library account: All students and staff have an online library account which will show you any items you are currently borrowing from the library (your 'loans'). It will also show you if you have any fines to pay. You can use your library account to extend the time you can keep a library item for; this is called renewing. You log into your library account with your Cardiff University username and password. You can access your library account via LibrarySearch, our library catalogue.
Library card: See ID/Library card.
Library Catalogue: The library catalogue is an electronic list of all our library items including books, journals, theses, DVDs and electronic books and journals.
You can use the catalogue for searching for library items and it will tell you:
- how long you can borrow an item for
- which library or libraries have an item in stock
- if an item is available to borrow
Cardiff University's library catalogue is called LibrarySearch - you can access it via the Library tab in Cardiff Portal. We also sometimes call it the OPAC – which stands for Online Public Access Catalogue.
Library of Congress Classification (LCC): This is one of the systems our libraries use to make sure books on the same subject are put in the same place on our shelves. When we buy a new book the cataloguing department assigns a classmark to it according to the rules of the Library of Congress Classification system. This will tell library staff where to put the book on the shelves. For example books on physics are shelved under the letters QC. Some of our libraries use a different system called the Dewey Decimal Classification system (DDC).
Library induction/orientation: You may get invited to a library induction or orientation session at the beginning of your course. The session will be run by your Subject Librarian and will explain everything you need to know about using the library's facilities and borrowing books.
Library use only: If you find an item on the library catalogue marked as 'Library use only' it means it can only be used in the library. Library use only items are labelled with red 'Not to be taken from the Library' stickers. Some libraries have a separate library use only section, other libraries keep these items alongside the other books. See also: Reference only books.
Loan: When you borrow an item from the library it is 'on loan' to you. Your library account shows you your current 'loans' which are the items you are currently borrowing from the library.
Loan period: This is the length of time for which you can borrow a library item, for example, 1 day, 1 week or 14 days. All library items have loan period stickers on the spine or inside the front cover so you can check the loan period before you borrow an item. You must return or renew the item by the end of the loan period which is called the due date.
Lost: If you find an item on the library catalogue which is showing as 'Lost' it means the item has been missing from the library shelves for a long time or that a student has had the item overdue on their library account for more than 28 days. If you need to use a library item which is showing as Lost then please speak to library staff as we may be able to order another copy of the item.
Main Collection: If you see a book on the library catalogue with the location 'Main Collection', this means the book is a standard loan (14 days). Some of our libraries have a separate short loan section where you can find 1 day loans and 1 week loans, and a Main Collection where the standard loans are shelved.
Microfiche: Microfiche are like microfilms but are flat sheets instead of reels of film.
Microfilms: These are reels which contain reproductions of documents which need to be read with special microfilm readers. Our Special Collections and Archives (SCOLAR) library holds microfilms on various arts and humanities subjects. There is also a microfilm digital scanner which you can use to create PDFs or Jpegs of the microfilm documents.
Monograph: A monograph is a book by a single author which focuses on their own research. A monograph is longer than a journal article and is different from a textbook which looks at lots of different research and viewpoints on a particular subject.
Music Store: If you see an item on the library catalogue which has the location Music: Store, it means the item is held in the Music Library's Store. If you would like to borrow a Music Store item, just ask a member of staff in the Music Library who will go and get the item from the Store for you.
myPrint: All Cardiff University students and staff have an online print account called myPrint. You can log into your myPrint account to add money so that you can pay for printing. Your myPrint account can be accessed via the library tab in Cardiff Portal. There are also Pay Stations at various locations on campus where you can use cash to add money to your myPrint account. See our printing web pages for more details.
Newspapers: Bute Library subscribes to all British national daily and weekend newspapers as well as the Western Mail and South Wales Echo. These are held for one year in the Newspaper Room in the South corridor. Online versions of these and many other newspapers are available through the Nexis service. Historical collections of newspapers are held in SCOLAR, in the Arts and Social Studies Library - see our Cardiff Newspapers Listings web pages for more details.
On loan: If an item is showing on our library catalogue as 'On loan' it means that it is being borrowed by someone. If you need to use the item you can place a reservation online by logging into your library account and selecting 'request' or by asking library staff to reserve it for you.
One day loan: If you borrow a library item with a one day loan sticker on it then you must return or renew the item by the end of the next day. If you borrow or renew a one day loan item on a Friday, you do not have to renew or return it until Monday.
OPAC: OPAC stands for Online Public Access Catalogue and is another name for a library catalogue.
Open Access: An open access journal article is one which is freely available online to anyone. The University does not have to pay a subscription for open access.
Out of library: If an item is showing on our library catalogue as 'Out of library' it means it is on loan to someone. If you need to use the item you can place a reservation online by logging into your library account or by asking library staff to reserve it for you.
ORCA: is Cardiff University's online institutional repository of research outputs. Cardiff University researchers can add their publications to ORCA so they are freely available online. ORCA stands for Online Research @ Cardiff. For more information see the ORCA web pages.
Overdue: If you don't renew or return a library item you have borrowed by its due date, the item becomes overdue and you will be charged fines for each day it is overdue until you return or renew the item. Please note: fines are not added to your library account until you return or renew your overdue item.
Paraphrasing: Paraphrasing is when you put the ideas of another author into your own words. To avoid plagarism when paraphrasing, it is essential that you do not include too many words from the original text. For more guidance on paraphrasing see our tutorial.
Patent: A patent is "A government authority or licence to an individual or organization conferring a right or title for a set period, especially the sole right to make, use, or sell some invention." (Oxford Reference Online 2013). If you need to search for patents as part of your academic work, see the subject resources pages for your school.
Pay Stations: If you want to add money to your myPrint online print account you can either pay online with a credit or debit card on the myPrint page via the Library tab in Cardiff Portal or you can use cash at one of our Pay Stations. For more details see our printing web pages.
Peer-reviewed: A peer-reviewed journal article is one which is checked by experts before publication.
Periodical: This is another name for journal.
PHOTO: Some of our libraries have photocopy collections where copies of articles or book chapters are kept for students to borrow to read or scan/photocopy. These items will be described on the library catalogue as PHOTO. If you need assistance in locating PHOTO items, please ask a member of library staff.
PIN: Some Cardiff University library users need a special PIN to be able to log into their online library account. These include NHS Staff, Short Course students, including Lifelong Learners and SCONUL Access members. Please contact your home library to find out your PIN.
Plagarism: Plagiarism is when you use someone else's work or ideas and make them look like your own work or ideas. When completing your academic work it is essential that you clearly cite and reference any ideas or images you use, even if you are not quoting directly. For more guidance on avoiding plagiarism see our tutorial.
QR Codes: QR (Quick Response) Codes are the squares of black dots that are appearing more and more on websites, magazines, billboards, etc. By using a QR Code scanner (many apps are available for free download) on a smartphone or camera-equipped tablet, you can take a picture of the QR Code, and this will lead you directly to a weblink or web-hosted video. Look for QR Codes around campus to quickly access further information. An example of a useful QR Code can be found on or near most University MFDs. Scanning this QR Code will lead you to a video on how to make the best use of the MFD.
- Reference only books: if you find an item on the library catalogue marked as 'Reference' it means it can only be used in the library. Reference items are labelled with red 'Not to be taken from the Library' stickers. Some libraries have a separate reference section, other libraries keep their reference items alongside the other books.
- The details of an information source you have used for an academic assignment: Most assignments require you to include a references list or bibliography at the end of your work listing all the information sources you have referred to in your writing. See also Citing and referencing.
Renew: If you would like to keep a book you have borrowed for longer you can renew it to extend the time you can keep it for. You can use your library account to renew, just log in with your Cardiff University username and password. Make sure the due date changes when you click renew and you see the message 'Renew succeeded'. If you cannot renew an item, it may be reserved by someone else - check with library staff if this happens. Library staff can also renew your library items for you.
Request: If you see the word 'request' next to an item on the catalogue it means that the item is on loan to someone and you can place a reservation so that you can borrow the book next. Make sure there are no other copies of the item showing as available before you reserve it.
Reservation: If all the copies of a particular book are being borrowed by other students you can place a reservation so that you can get a copy as soon as one is returned to the library. If a member of library staff tells you there is a reservation waiting for you, then it means the book you reserved is now ready to collect. If you try to renew a book you have borrowed and the date doesn't extend, it might be because another student has reserved the book – check with library staff if this happens.
Return anywhere: You can return books you have borrowed from one Cardiff University library to any other Cardiff University library – you do not have to return books to the library you borrowed them from. The only exceptions are four hour loans and reserved items, please return these items to the library they belong to.
RSS Feed: RSS feeds are web feeds which give you information about new additions to databases and websites, brought direct to your RSS feed reader. There is an RSS feed reader available on the My Page tab on Cardiff Portal.
Salisbury Collection: Welsh and Celtic books located in ASSL (Arts and Social Studies Library) and SCOLAR (Special Collections and Archives). For more information see the Salisbury Collection web page.
Self-service issue and return: Many of our libraries have self-service issue and return machines so you can borrow and return library books yourself using your University ID/Library card. Aberconway Library and Trevithick Library have 24 hour external return chutes outside their libraries so you can return books from any library 24 hours a day. The Health Library is open 24 hours a day and has self-service issue and return, so you can borrow their books, or return books from any Cardiff University library, 24 hours a day.
Special Collections and Archives (SCOLAR): The University's Special Collections and Archives (SCOLAR) library is located on the lower ground floor ASSL (Arts and Social Studies Library). SCOLAR aims to preserve, promote, and develop the University Library's historical and special research resources in order to support staff and postgraduate work, and undergraduate modules.
Shibboleth: Shibboleth is the service we use to allow our students and staff to log into our eBooks and eJournals off campus. To access our electronic resources off campus you need to log in with your Cardiff University username and password and you may see a page which says Shibboleth as you are logging in.
Short loan: Any items on our library catalogue with a loan period of 1 week or less are described as 'short loan' items. Some libraries have a separate short loan section where these items are shelved.
Silent-study area: All of our libraries contain silent-study areas which are for silent, private study only. Please ask library staff where these areas are.
Store: We send some of our older library items to our library Store. If you see an item on the library catalogue with the location 'Store', then you need to order this item from your home library by placing a Store Request.
Store Request: If you see an item on the library catalogue with the location 'Store', then you need to order this item from your home library by placing a Store Request. Just ask library staff in your home library. They will give you a request form to fill out and the item should be ready for you to collect from your home library within two working days. You will be sent an email to notify you when it is ready to collect.
Subject Librarian: All academic schools within Cardiff University are supported by one or more Subject Librarians. If you have any library-related questions about your academic work, for example, how to find journal articles on an assignment topic or how to cite and reference, then please contact your Subject Librarians. You may meet your Subject Librarian throughout your course as they present your library induction/orientation sessions and may also see you for other sessions relating to finding information for your academic work. For more information about how Subject Librarians can help you, and for a list of all our Subject Librarians please see our Subject Librarian web pages.
Systematic reviews: Systematic reviews present all the available data to answer a specific question and are better than looking at the findings from a single study. Rigorous methods are used to identify all the research studies designed to answer a specific question. The research studies are then appraised to identify any flaws in how the data was obtained and reliable data are summarised to provide an accurate answer to the question. Systematic reviews are used by many people and organizations to inform decision making including health care practitioners, researchers, policy makers and patients.
Thesis: A thesis is a piece of research undertaken for a PhD or MPhil. Print theses from Cardiff University students are available in our libraries and older theses are available in the library Store. Search our library catalogue to find exact locations. To search for theses online you can use the Proquest Dissertations & Theses website or EThOS, the British Library's electronic theses online service. Since August 2011, all new Cardiff University research theses can be accessed online via ORCA.
UK Access (Management) Federation: see Institutional Login
Vacation loan day: During the last week, before the beginning of the Christmas, Easter and Summer vacations (recesses) you can borrow 3 day, 1 week and standard loan (14 day) items from the Cathays Park campus and libraries for the whole vacation period. We have a 'vacation loan day' which is the start of the vacation borrowing period. It is always on the last Monday before the recess and any items you borrow or renew from that day onwards will be issued to you for the whole vacation period. If you borrow or renew items before vacation loan day then you must renew them again on or after vacation loan day if you want to keep them for the whole vacation period.
Vacation loans: You can borrow 3 day, 1 week and standard loan items from the Cathays Park campus Libraries over the Christmas, Easter and Summer vacations (recesses). In order to keep books over the vacations you must borrow or renew them on or after vacation loan day.
Volume: Journals are published in individual copies called issues. Several issues are grouped together to make a volume. There are differences between different journal titles, but often a journal will publish one volume per year which is made up of several different issues.
Voyager: Voyager is the name of our Library Management System which library staff use for many aspects of our work, such as issuing and renewing books and sending out notification emails about reservations.
webPrint: webPrint allows you to print a document from your laptop or home computer by uploading the document to webPrint and collecting from a printer (MFD) at:
- any library on the Heath Park campus
- any library on the Cathays Park campus
- Archie Cochrane Library, Llandough
- Glamorgan IT Room
- Graduate Centre
- Julian Hodge Study Centre
- The Lounge, Student Union (Rm. 3.30)
The print job will be held in a queue until you login to a printer to collect it. If it is not collected within 4 hours, the job will be deleted and you will not be charged. To upload a document for printing: log into your myPrint account and select webPrint.
X, Y, Z
Oxford Reference. 2013. Overview: Patent [Online]. Available at: http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/oi/authority.20110803100310537 [Accessed 9 Sept 2013].