Tips for more sustainable printing
Printing is an area where almost everyone can make a difference to the environmental impact of the University - saving paper, electricity, waste and also money- through some easy steps given below:
- Print fewer documents
- Reduce paper usage
- Use more sustainable paper
- Reduce electricity
- Reduce toner
- Reduce equipment and its impact
- Dispose of waste appropriately
Print fewer documents
Reducing printing generally reduces the use of paper, energy and money.
Share copies of printouts if you can, especially longer documents.
Electronic alternatives to printing are available, but remember that electronic working also has some impact, particularly the embodied energy of multiple computers or laptops.
Reduce paper usage
Reducing your use of paper is often the easiest way to cut the impact of your printing.
Use Print Preview before printing, to check the document looks how you want it.
Use duplex (double-sided) printing. This can normally be permanently set in the printer settings in your computer. For example, if you are using Windows XP and an HP Printer:
- Click on Start, Settings, Printers and Faxes.
- Right-click on your printer and choose Printing Preferences.
- Click the Finishing tab, and then tick the box that says Print on Both Sides.
- Click OK.
Example duplex printer setting for Windows XP and an HP Laserjet printer.
Please consult the owner of the printer, and your school technician or Local Computing Representative, on the use of duplex printing.
For the Windows 7 service, advice for changing the printer settings will also be published as soon as it is available.
In the libraries and INSRV IT rooms, the Multifunctional Printing and Photocopying Devices (MFDs) are set to print duplex as default.
If you don't have a duplex printer and need multiple copies of the document, you could print single sided and duplex photocopy the document.
Print only the pages you need within the document. For example, in Microsoft Office and Adobe Reader dialogue boxes, you can choose to print a range of pages or just the current page.
You can even print several pages per side of paper. For example, in the Microsoft Office print dialogue box, under Zoom, set Pages Per Sheet to 2. However the text size will be smaller and will not be readable by everyone, so this would not be suitable for sharing documents e.g. submitted essays, meeting papers etc.
Use more sustainable paper
Recycled paper usually has lowest impact. However some brands of recycled paper don't print, bind or duplex as well, so it's important to use the right paper for the job.
Paper from more sustainable sources, such as FSC-certified paper, has reduced impact.
Switch IT equipment off overnight and on weekends, but please first consult the equipment owner, your Local Computing Representative or a local technician first.
Installing a plug-in timer switch can remove the need to remember to switch it off by hand. These can be bought for a few pounds from most DIY stores.
Some printers have the option to print draft quality, which can reduce the use of toner. If using Windows XP and an HP printer, this option will be in the print dialogue box, then click on the Properties button, then click Print Quality or Paper/Quality. It may be labelled as FastDraft, Faster Printing or Reduced Resolution.
Reduce equipment and its impact
Sharing a printer will avoid the need to buy one, and so will reduce manufacture, shipping and disposal energy, reduce raw materials usage and waste, and reduce the usage of electricity.
If buying a printer, please contact your School's Local Computing Representative or technician where appropriate, for local advice and to avoid duplication of equipment.
Consider these factors in your choice of printer:
- The ability to print duplex.
- Energy consumption, for example, the Energy Star standard or equivalent.
- Toner consumption - where comparing in two or more printers, a lower consumption rate will help reduce money and environmental impact.
- A high specification inkjet printer could reduce your energy use compared to laser, and the print quality can be just as good. But it will be slower, and will likely have much higher running costs in ink and possibly support.
- If support can be agreed, and if it offers overall good value for money, consider buying warrantied second-hand printers to avoid the need for manufacturing new printers.
Dispose of waste appropriately
Always recycle or reuse paper rather than sending it to landfill.
For disposal of printers and other University IT and WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment), please see
- The University's purchasing website.
- The University's Occupational Safety, Health and Environment Unit (OSHEU) website.
Laser toner and inkjet cartridges can be recycled at Cathays Campus through the University's recycling scheme. Please check local arrangements at other sites.
For school equipment, please first ask your Local Computing Representative or IT technician for advice.
You are also welcome to contact the INSRV IT Service Desk; please note, however, that there are many types of printer and INSRV may only be able to offer general advice in some cases.
In the libraries and INSRV IT rooms, please ask the IT Support Assistant or a member of library staff for advice.
For more information, please go to: