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The importance of German family policy has increased since the start of the federal family ministry in 1953. The 2013 federal election, family policy has become an important election issue, where the main parties have argued how best the government should help the German family. German family concepts have been important in Germany’s past. Since the nineteenth century and the evolution of the modern Germany state and nation, what the family structure should be and how government should intervene in the family. The importance of German family policy has increased further since the foundation of the federal family ministry in 1953. In twenty first century Germany the old problems of decreasing birth rates, labour market participation, the role of women, motherhood and the financing of an expensive set of instruments has meant family policy is at the forefront of German politics, indeed the 2013 Federal election.
The key objective of the research is to examine family policy change in Germany. The research period is the CDU/CSU coalition government with the liberal parties from 2009 to 2013. What has changed in German family policy in the CDU led coalition 2009 to 2013? Compared to previous federal governments in Germany since 1949 (West Federal Republic Germany rather than East German Democratic Republic). How far has German family policy come from the official adoption of the sustainable family policy or third way family policy in 2002? Has CDU family policy the SPD third way family policy or adapted it to their political ideological perspective? What have been the drivers for change from inside and outside politics? Has the CDU been successful in their family policy initiatives and instruments during the research period? Has the results been mixed? Has the CDU really adapted to changes in family structures and demographic changes in modern Germany? What has been the role of Länder in implementing or impeding federal family policy? The research outcome is to produce an in depth picture of family policy during the CDU government 2005 to 2013.